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Home > Catalog > Mitigation of Hazardous Comets and Asteroids
Mitigation of Hazardous Comets and Asteroids
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Details

  • Page extent: 438 pages
  • Size: 247 x 174 mm
  • Weight: 1.04 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 523.44
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: QB651 .M57 2004
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Near-earth asteroids
    • Asteroids--Collisions with Earth--Prevention
    • Comets--Collisions with Earth--Prevention

Library of Congress Record

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Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521827645 | ISBN-10: 0521827647)

Manufactured on demand: supplied direct from the printer

$160.00 (C)



Index




ablation 155–160

Amelioration element 402

Andromeda planetary environmental chamber 340

anaerobic microorganisms 341

antimatter see under mitigation techniques

aphelion, distance 1, 16

Apollo missions 236, 273

   Apollo 14 236, 237

   Apollo 16 237

   Apollo 17 237

attenuation coefficient 208

Arecibo 39, 50, 56, 401

asteroid 68–70

   albedo 147

   Apollo 1, 9, 18

   Amor 1, 9, 18

   Aten 1, 9, 16, 18

   binary 70, 142–144, 316, 321, 325

   C-class 12, 109

   density 12, 56–59, 69, 86, 90, 91, 143

   Earth-crossing 1, 3–4, 365

   main belt 2–6, 7, 12, 18

   S-class 11–12, 109

   surface roughness 56–58

asteroid, individual

   1950 DA 41, 48, 54–55

   1987 OA 60

   1989 UR 60

   1991 RB 300, 302, 308

   1992 QN 57

   1994 AW1 144

   1994 AW7 50

   1996 FG3 144

   1997 XF11 358, 362, 367

   1998 ML14 41, 43–48

   1998 SF36 60, 314

   1999 AN10 368

   1999 AQ10 193–194

   1999 FN53 43–48

   1999 HF1 144

   1999 KW4 144

   2000 DP107 59, 60, 144

   2000 EE104 57

   2000 RD53 43

   2000 SG344 369

   2000 UG11 144

   2000 WC1 193–194

   2001 SL9 144

   2002 MN 185–195, 369

   2002 NT7 370

   2100 Ra-Shalom 149

   3671 Dionysus 144

   5407 1992 AX 144

   5587 (1990 SB) 149

   31345 1998 PG 144

   35107 1991 VH 144

   Adonis 57

   Apollo 40, 60

   Asclepius 366

   Castalia 92

   Dactyl 316

   Eros 68, 69, 73, 87, 90–91, 105–109, 314, 365

   Gaspra 87, 109–110, 316

   Geographos 60

   Icarus 39, 171

   Ida 87–90, 316

   Ivar 293

   Mathilde 69, 75, 91–94

   Toutatis 59, 60, 366

B612 Foundation 111, 397

basic research 402, 406

BepiColombo 284

bolide see fireball

Born approximation 212–226

Brazil nut effect 106–107

Canyon Diablo 104

capture cross-section 23

catenae 78, 79

chaotic motion 314

chemical propulsion see under mitigation techniques

Chicxulub crater 1

chondrules 350

Clementine II 177, 274

Close Proximity Operations 313, 333

Close Proximity Dynamics 319–320, 328

cohesion 234, 239, 279

comet 5–6, 66–68, 110–111, 355

   albedo 67

   density 67, 80–81

   ecliptic 5

   Halley-type 5

   Jupiter-family 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 18

   nearly isotropic 5, 7, 10–11

comet, individual

   1P/Halley 67

   19P/Borrelly 67, 110

   67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko 285

   D/Shoemaker-Levy 9 67, 75, 77, 78–81, 95

   Lexell 364

   LINEAR (D/1999 S4) 6, 72, 75, 77

   P/Brooks 2 77

CONSERT 202, 213–214, 217–218, 231, 285

CRAF/Comet Nucleus Penetrator 284

Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary 1

Cretaceous/Tertiary extinction event 366

debiased population 7, 8–10, 23

deflection 292, 305

Deep Impact 94, 177, 275

Deep Interior 284

Deep Space 1 110, 304, 305

Deimos 316

Delta V 26, 60

density

   asteroid see under asteroid

   comet see under comet

   internal 319

dielectric constant 207, 208, 212, 215, 219

disruption 118, 135–136

dispersion 118, 135–136

Don Quijote 274, 275

Doppler frequency (radial velocity) 38

DS-2 Mars microprobes 274, 282

dust 337

Earth-crossing objects 292

earthquakes 357

eaters see under mitigation techniques

eccentricity 2–6

electric and plasma propulsion see under mitigation techniques

electrostatic environment 316

ellipsoidal harmonics 319

energy scaling 76

environmental catastrophe 355

ESA 1

escape velocity 120, 326

explosives 235, 239–246, 274

European Fireball Network (EN) 158–162

European Global Navigation Satellite System (Galileo) 164

faunal mass extinction 365

fireball 154, 156

Galileo spacecraft 105, 316, 337

Geminids 155

giggle factor 354

global climate change 356

Goldstone 39, 50, 56, 401

gravity field 56

   polygonal 315

   polyhedron 319

   surface 319

Green function 211, 212

Grüneisen constant 124, 138, 245, 253

Gurney formula 244

Hayabusa 60, 267, 268, 276, 284, 314, 323, 328, 331, 332, 338

hazard fraction 23

hazard identification 401

hazard scales 357–362

Hera 267, 337

Hidalgo 273

Hill Sphere 70

historical perspective on impacts 363–366

Hohmann transfer 293, 301, 303

hopping 283–284, 313, 325

hovering 268, 316, 334

   body-fixed 328–333

   near-inertial 328–331

human space flight 398

IAU 1, 357, 359, 362

   Technical Review Committee 363

   Working Group on NEOs 362

impact hazard 353–355, 371, 381, 383, 391

IMPACT workshop 358

impacts see under mitigation techniques

implementation phase 399, 405, 408

inclination 2–6

inhomogeneity 210, 213, 217, 319

Innisfree 158

interception 292

international cooperation 384

International Space Station 351

interior structure 234, 264, 317, 404

interior-to-the-Earth objects (IEOs) 1, 9, 14, 15–16, 18

inversion 224–228, 229

ion propulsion see under mitigation techniques

IRAS 147, 156

Johnson–Cook Constitutive Model 240, 242, 245, 248, 251, 253

KC-135 338, 349, 351

Kepler’s third law 142

Kuiper belt 5

lander 236, 263, 266–268

least-squares fit 43

Leonids 155

Libration points 322, 325

lightcurve 317

   inversion 142

LINEAR 10, 15, 29

   experimental test site (ETS) 26

longitude of the ascending node 9

loss tangent 207

lossy medium 207–211

Lost City 158

LSST 61–62, 396, 401

Luna-Glob 284

Lunar-A 274, 282

Lunar Module 236

Lyrids 155

magnitude, absolute 49, 148

Mars 57, 236, 282, 341

Mars Global Surveyor 280

Mars Odyssey 280

Mars Polar Lander 281

MARSIS (Mars advanced radar for subsurface and ionospheric sounding) 201–202, 228, 231

mass drivers see under mitigation techniques

mass extinction event 356

measurement

   astrometric 317

   spectral 317, 318

mechanical properties 235, 239, 253, 275–277

meteor

   impacts on Moon 238

   trains 157

   wakes (afterglow) 157

Meteor Crater 73

meteoric fireball 156

microgravity 339

Mie-Grüneisen Equation of State 240, 242, 245, 248, 253

MINERVA 276, 284, 328

mini-magnetospheric plasma propulsion see under mitigation techniques

minimum orbital intersection distance (MOID) 10, 23, 39

Minor Planet Center (MPC) 33

mission operations 337

mitigation 337, 394, 396

mitigation techniques

   antimatter 183

   chemical explosives 178

   chemical propulsion 173–174

   eaters 183–184

   electric and plasma propulsion (ion propulsion) 175–176, 292, 310

   impacts 114–116, 119–123, 176–177

   mass drivers 179

   mini-magnetospheric plasma propulsion 182–183

   natural particle beam 184

   nuclear explosives 116–117, 124–134, 177–178, 293

   nuclear propulsion 174–175

   nuclear pulse 175

   pulsed lasers and microwaves 179–181

   solar concentrator 168, 182, 187, 397

   solar sail 178–179

   subsurface explosions 117–118, 123–124

   super high energetic propulsion 174

   surface explosions 117–118, 123–124

   utilization of Yarkovsky effect 181–182

mobility 283

moles 285

Monte Carlo simulations 40

monoliths 73

Moon 57, 236, 274

Mount St. Helens 393, 398

MUPUS 276, 280

MUSES-C see Hayabusa

NASA 1, 13, 232, 354, 357, 359, 393, 398, 406, 407

   NEO Program Office 363

National Program 391, 392, 394, 400, 408

natural particle beam see under mitigation techniques

near-Earth objects (NEOs) 1, 234

   albedo distribution 11–13

   binary 58–59

Near Earth Asteroid Thermal Model 147

NEAR Shoemaker 105, 276, 314, 331, 337, 397

NEAT 8, 10

NEODyS2 33, 363, 370

Netlander 281

non-gravitational forces 5, 61

non-linear programming 298

normal modes 254–263, 272

Northridge earthquake 398

NRAO 62

nuclear explosives see under mitigation techniques

nuclear propulsion see under mitigation techniques

nuclear pulse see under mitigation techniques

one-impulse interception 303

Oort cloud 5–6, 11, 18

optical photometry 142–144

optimal deflection 309

optimization problem 298

orbiting 313

orbits

   optical only 40, 41, 43, 49–53

   radar + optical 40, 41, 43, 49–53

orbital motion 321

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 371, 382, 383

Palermo Scale 35, 48, 362

Pan Starrs 32, 401, 406

particle size sorting 348

PBX-9010 244, 245

Peekskill 158

penetration depth 208

penetrator 266–268, 274, 276, 282–284, 286, 287

perihelion, distance 1, 4, 11

permeability 207

permittivity 220, 221

Perseids 155

Philae (formerly Rosetta Lander) 267, 276, 280, 282, 285

Phobos 316

Phobos 1 and 2 missions 281, 283

Poisson’s ratio 239, 242, 253

Polar Night 284

ponds 105, 108

porosity 69–70, 210, 276, 402

potentially hazardous objects (PHOs) 10, 23, 39

Pribram 158

preparatory phase 399, 401–405, 408

projectiles, explosively formed (EFPs) 244

PROP-F 276, 283

public concern 395

pulsed lasers and microwaves see under mitigation techniques

radar 38, 43, 150, 201–202, 204–207, 318

   astrometry 39

   bistatic 213

   delay-Doppler 40, 55, 67, 150, 317

   mono-static 213, 215

radiation pressure, solar 322, 323–324

radio beacon 281–282

radio reflection tomography (RRT) 202, 221–231

radio transmission tomography (RTT) 202, 216–221

reflectance spectroscopy 145–146

regolith 237–239, 320, 337

rendezvous missions 404

resonance 2–19

   3:1 3

   5:2 2

   2:1 2

   v6 3

   diffusive 4–5

Richter scale 357

rotational effects 321

risk assessment 168–170, 354

risk perception 355–357

roadmap 402, 405

Roche lobe 73

Rosetta Lander see under Philae

rubble pile 74, 264

   hypothesis 67, 143, 201

Saffir–Simpson scale 357

sand blasting 72

scattered disk 5

scientific requirements 141–152, 392

seismic 397

   moment 239

sources 236–246

seismology 234, 235–239, 264, 268–272, 287

seismometer 263

semimajor axis 2–6

Sentry 33, 48, 363, 370

signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) 38

sintering 279

Snowmass Workshop 366

Soft Landers 283, 286, 287

solar concentrator see under mitigation techniques

solar sail see under mitigation techniques

Spaceguard 38, 61, 385, 406

   goal 13–19

   Survey Report 354

Spaceguard Foundation 363

space weathering 148

spatial sampling 224

sphere of influence 322

Standard Thermal Model 147

strategic phase 399–400, 408

strength–gravity transition 76

subsurface explosions see under mitigation techniques

superbollide 156

super high energetic propulsion see under mitigation techniques

surface explosions see under mitigation techniques

surface motion 325–328

surface waves 272

synchronous orbit 325

   radius 321

synthetic impactors 23

Tagish Lake 104, 158

target characterization 402, 406

tensile strength 76, 86, 250–253

terrorism scale 357

tektite ages 365

thermal conductivity 278

thermal inertia 75, 147, 280

thermal-IR 142

   spectrophotometry 146–150

thermal properties 277, 279, 280–281

tidal disruption 71–72

time delay (range) 38

Tisserand parameter 5

tomography 201, 202–203, 211–213, 215, 216–228, 231, 234, 273, 285, 287, 397

Torino scale 35, 359–362

Trojans 5

tsunami 356, 371, 372, 395

Tumbling Stone 363

Tunguska-class 354, 356, 385

Tunguska event 292, 365, 375, 393

UK NEO Task Force report 391, 404, 407

unconsolidated material 252–253, 337

United Nations (UN) 195

US Air Force 354

US Congress 357

US Department of Defense 407

US Department of Homeland Security 357, 406

US National Research Council 396

utilization of Yarkovsky effect see under mitigation techniques

variational equations 294

Venus 57

Vesta/Mars-Aster 274

Viking 1 236

Viking 2 236

volatiles 6, 277

volcanic explosions 357

warning time 372, 374, 376, 378, 380, 395, 401

Yarkovsky effect 2, 54, 107, 108, 153, 281


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