King Lear: a role-play activity for the whole class

Jasmine Short

Immerse your students in Shakespearean England with our King Lear role-play activity, taken from Cambridge School Shakespeare. This group activity will help your students to revise and improve their knowledge of King Lear. The activity is designed to establish the facts of what happened in the final weeks of Lear’s reign, to bring the truth to light and to learn lessons from the past. The focus is on understanding why characters behaved in the way they did, rather than to apportion blame.


The truth and reconciliation commission

Time: A month after Lear’s death

Place: A court-room somewhere in Britain

Each student will take the role of one person involved in some way with the play. Edgar and Albany would be obvious characters (as might be Kent – you could imagine he doesn’t disappear); you might even invite the Fool and the King of France to return to give evidence). You will need to create other characters from various parts of the play. For example, you could have servants from Gonerill’s house, a knight who was one of Lear’s retinue, a lord who was present in the court during the ‘love test’, and a farmer from Dover. Be creative with your choices.

One student takes the role of lead investigator and invites each character in turn to give evidence and then to be questioned by other members of the commission. At the end of the hearing, the lead investigator (and assistants, depending on the size of your class) will give a summary of the events and their conclusions.

Each of the various characters might consider some of these questions and suggestions in preparing to make contributions:

Lead investigator

  • Work in a small group with the assistant/usher(s), etc.
  • What questions will you put to each character?
  • What concrete evidence exists? Any exhibits to use in court (e.g. letters)?
  • Consider how you will shape your questions to elicit full answers (as opposed to ‘yes’/‘no’ replies)


Assistant(s) to the lead investigator

  • Assist coroner in running the proceedings.
  • Establish an order of events and present it on paper.
  • Keep a record of the commission’s proceedings.



  • Why do you think things ended up as they did for you?
  • What were you able to observe about the king from the perspective of being disguised?
  • How do you feel about Edmond in retrospect?



  • Had Gonerill’s behaviour always been worrying?
  • At what point did you realise that things were going wrong?
  • Do you think you could have done anything differently to affect the course of the action?



  • Is it true that the king had ‘ever but slenderly known himself’?
  • What do you think led Lear to behave in the way that he did?
  • What do you identify as the main problems in society that led to the tragedy?


King of France

  • What was your response to the initial ‘love test’ and Lear’s behaviour in the court?
  • How did you find Cordelia during her time with you in France?
  • Why did you decide to invade Britain?


Gonerill’s servants

  • What did you think of Oswald’s behaviour and attitude?
  • Were you put under pressure to behave in a particular way?
  • How would you describe the atmosphere in the household when Lear and his retinue were staying?


A lord from Lear’s court

  • What did you think about the ‘love test’ and was it in character for Lear?
  • What did members of the court say about it in private?
  • Could members of the court have done anything differently to avoid the tragedy?


A farmer from Dover

  • What was the atmosphere like in preparation for the battle?
  • What did you observe?
  • What do ordinary people think about the events in the kingdom?


There are, of course, general questions for all to consider. These questions can offer insight into the characters’ actions and motivations, helping students to understand and analyse the play inside and out.

  • What relevant events were you present at?
  • What contact did you have with the main characters?
  • Did you witness any significant events first hand?
  • How do you regard your position in this society?
  • What eye-witness accounts can you offer the commission?
  • Why do you think various characters behaved in the ways they did?
  • What do you think their motivations were?
  • Could the tragedy have been prevented?
  • How might you speak when giving your evidence and how might this reflect your character and role?
  • To what extent might we apportion blame to individuals?
  • Going forward, how can we learn the lessons of history and ensure that nothing like this happens again?
  • What systemic changes would need to take place to ensure that this never happened in future?

We’ve also made this exercise into a downloadable activity sheet for you to print and use in class!

Feeling inspired? We have lots more Shakespeare classroom activities from leading experts on our Cambridge School Shakespeare site.