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Mahale Chimpanzees
50 Years of Research

$225.00 (C)

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Frans de Waal, Michio Nakamura, Kazuhiko Hosaka, Noriko Itoh, Koichiro Zamma, Yukio Takahata, Shunkichi Hanamura, Tetsuya Sakamaki, Daisuke Muramatsu, Hiroshi Ihobe, Takashi Hayakawa, Mieko Fuse, Takuya Matsumoto, Hitoshige Hayaki, Michael A. Huffman, Takanori Kooriyama, Nobuyuki Kutsukake, Shiho Fujita, Eiji Inoue, Masaki Shimada, Takahisa Matsusaka, Hitonaru Nishie, Linda F. Marchant, Daisuke Shimizu, Hideo Hasegawa
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  • Date Published: November 2015
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107052314

$ 225.00 (C)

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About the Authors
  • Long-term ecological research studies are rare and invaluable resources, particularly when they are as thoroughly documented as the Mahale Mountain Chimpanzee Project in Tanzania. Directed by Toshisada Nishida from 1965 until 2011, the project continues to yield new and fascinating findings about our closest neighbour species. In a fitting tribute to Nishida's contribution to science, this book brings together fifty years of research into one encyclopaedic volume. Alongside previously unpublished data, the editors include new translations of Japanese writings throughout the book to bring previously inaccessible work to non-Japanese speakers. The history and ecology of the site, chimpanzee behaviour and biology, and ecological management are all addressed through firsthand accounts by Mahale researchers. The authors highlight long-term changes in behaviour, where possible, and draw comparisons with other chimpanzee sites across Africa to provide an integrative view of chimpanzee research today.

    • A unique and encyclopaedic volume, written by researchers directly involved in the Mahale Mountain Chimpanzee Project, Tanzania
    • Published to mark the project's fiftieth anniversary, this is the only volume to summarise research at Mahale from 1965 to 2015, with fifty chapters covering all aspects from historical context to chimpanzee social organisation, ecology and the effects of tourism
    • Includes new translations of Japanese writings, bringing previously inaccessible work to non-Japanese speakers
    Read more


    • Winner, 2016 Choice Outstanding Academic Title

    Reviews & endorsements

    "This is the most comprehensive review of research at a single study site of wild chimpanzees written to date … The book is beautifully produced, with immense attention to detail, many illustrations and figures, and is very clearly written. As a result, the chapters are clear and straightforward. The 70 or so mainly Japanese researchers whose work is summarised here are dedicated, independent and fearless … Chapter 24, on self-medication, written by Mike Huffman, is the best account I have read of the convoluted history of chimpanzee pharmacognoscy … a wonderful book to dip into …"
    Vernon Reynolds, Primates

    'This book offers a deep dive into one of the most successful primatological projects ever conducted … We are provided with a vivid image, a family picture, of some of our living relatives - their daily lives and the very-present threats that loom over them.' Thibaud Gruber, Conservation Biology

    'One hopes this book will encourage collaborative efforts among sites to better control for differences in methodology. … Overall, this volume represents an enormous and useful undertaking that will be of interest to readers, including primatologists, evolutionary anthropologists, and ecologists.' Michael L. Wilson, The Quarterly Review of Biology

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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 2015
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107052314
    • length: 797 pages
    • dimensions: 253 x 198 x 38 mm
    • weight: 1.82kg
    • contains: 256 b/w illus. 54 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    List of contributors
    1. Introduction Michio Nakamura
    Part I. History and Overview:
    2. Overview of the field site: Mahale Mountains and their surroundings
    3. Research history
    4. Chimpanzee distribution: accumulation of survey reports
    5. Who's who
    Part II. Social Organization:
    6. Social system: features and variations
    7. Demography of the M group
    8. Home range
    9. Fission–fusion grouping
    10. Disappearance of K group male chimpanzees: re-examination of group extinction
    11. Intergroup relationships
    Part III. Ecology:
    12. Climate and climatological trends in the Kasoje Forest
    13. Mahale flora: its historical background and long-term changes
    14. Patterns and trends in fruiting phenology: some implications for important chimpanzee diet
    15. Mammalian fauna
    16. Interspecific relationships
    Part IV. Feeding:
    17. Diet and feeding behavior
    18. Taste of chimpanzee foods
    19. Seeds from feces: implications for seed dispersal and fecal analyses
    20. Hunting and food sharing
    21. Insect-feeding behavior and insect fauna: with special reference to plant–insect relationships
    Part V. Life History and Health:
    22. Development and growth: with special reference to mother–infant relationships
    23. Gerontology
    24. Chimpanzee self-medication: a historical perspective of the key findings
    25. Diseases and deaths: variety and impact on social life
    26. Conspecific killings
    Part VI. Social Relations:
    27. Male-male relationships
    28. Female–female relationships
    29. Male–female relationships: affiliative, interventional, and dominant–subordinate interactions
    30. Orphans and allomothering
    Part VII. Social Behavior:
    31. Intimidation display
    32. Aggression and conflict management
    33. Greetings and dominance
    35. Sexual behavior and mating strategies
    36. Social play: history of the studies at Mahale and a new perspective
    37. Ethograms and the diversity of behaviors
    Part VIII. Behavioral Diversity:
    38. Culture
    39. Vocal communication
    40. Diversity of play
    41. Laterality of hand function
    42. Use of tools and other objects
    43. Bed making and nocturnal behavior
    Part IX. From Field to Lab:
    44. Field endocrinology
    45. Skeletal and dental morphology
    46. Genetic studies
    47. Internal parasites
    Part X. People and Chimpanzees:
    48. Current status of tourism
    49. Culture and subsistence ecology of the Tongwe, and their significance in chimpanzee research
    50. Conservation and the future
    Appendix I. Plant list
    Appendix II. Dietary list
    Appendix III. Mammal list
    Appendix IV. Meteorological data collected at Kansyana, 1983–2013
    Appendix V. List of researchers who visited Mahale
    Appendix VI. List of abbreviations used for Mahale chimpanzee names
    Appendix VII. Research and conservation funds for Mahale

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    Mahale Chimpanzees

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  • Editors

    Michio Nakamura, Kyoto University, Japan
    Michio Nakamura is Associate Professor at the Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University, Japan. He has studied the Mahale chimpanzees since 1994 and is a recipient of the Primate Society of Japan's Takashima Prize.

    Kazuhiko Hosaka, Kamakura Women’s University, Japan
    Kazuhiko Hosaka is Associate Professor at Kamakura Women's University, Japan. His research focuses on the social interactions, hunting and meat-eating behaviour of chimpanzees in relation to human evolution.

    Noriko Itoh, Kyoto University, Japan
    Noriko Itoh is a researcher in the Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University, Japan. She has studied the Mahale chimpanzees since 1995, focusing on grouping behaviours and related environments.

    Koichiro Zamma, Great Ape Research Institute
    Koichiro Zamma is a researcher in the Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies and in the Wildlife Research Center, both at Kyoto University, Japan. His research focuses on the impact of ectoparasite infections on grooming and on the sleep-related behaviours of chimpanzees.


    Frans de Waal, Michio Nakamura, Kazuhiko Hosaka, Noriko Itoh, Koichiro Zamma, Yukio Takahata, Shunkichi Hanamura, Tetsuya Sakamaki, Daisuke Muramatsu, Hiroshi Ihobe, Takashi Hayakawa, Mieko Fuse, Takuya Matsumoto, Hitoshige Hayaki, Michael A. Huffman, Takanori Kooriyama, Nobuyuki Kutsukake, Shiho Fujita, Eiji Inoue, Masaki Shimada, Takahisa Matsusaka, Hitonaru Nishie, Linda F. Marchant, Daisuke Shimizu, Hideo Hasegawa


    • Winner, 2016 Choice Outstanding Academic Title

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