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Chapter 06

Student resources for Chapter 06: Syntax

Study guide for Chapter 06: Syntax

You should be able to simply define or explain the following terms and concepts.

Constituent Phrase Noun Phrase
Adpositional Phrase Verb Phrase Clause
Sentence Argument Core/oblique
Predicate Copula Recursion
Intransitive Transitive Ditransitive
Subject Object Indirect object
Case role Agent Patient
Theme Experiencer Recipient
Beneficiary Location Source
Goal Temporal Instrument
Active Passive Polar question
Construction Subordination Coordination
Matrix clause Relative Clause Complement Clause
Adverbial Clause Head noun  

On completion of this chapter, you should be able to perform the following tasks:

  • Identify the boundaries of syntactic constituents and state the order of elements in a template

  • Present evidence in support of arguments that sequences of words do (or do not) constitute phrasal constituents

  • Use square brackets and labeled tree diagrams to exhaustively represent the constituent structure of sentences in English

  • Provide evidence in support of arguments that justify the categories subject, object, and indirect object in English

  • Differentiate between core and oblique arguments

  • Identify intransitive, transitive, and ditransitive verbs

  • Identify grammatical relations and semantic roles of noun phrases in sentences

  • Describe the structures of specific constructions

  • Distinguish coordination from subordination

  • Distinguish among relative, complement, and adverbial clause types

  • Conduct basic syntactic analysis on a data set from another language, determining which word is which, and providing basic information about the lexical classes, constituency, grammatical relations, etc.

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