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Nine - Confronting Leviathan

Some Remarks on Resistance to the State in Precapitalist Societies: The Case of Early Medieval Northern Iberia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 October 2021

T. L. Thurston
University at Buffalo, State University of New York
Manuel Fernández-Götz
University of Edinburgh
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Spanish singer-songwriter Javier Krahe once described the 20th century as “a total disgust”: “According to those who experienced it, last century was a hell of a traumatic experience.”1 Indeed, the twentieth century was fraught with disturbing experiences where the worst side of human beings showed its ugly head (Hobsbawm, 1994). And yet, this “disgust” of a century has also provided repeated evidence that, even in the most extreme situations, groups of people have somehow managed to articulate their collective agencies, often in the form of resistance, and even generated counterpowers from below (De León, 2015; Moore, 1993; Scott, 1985; Wolf, 1973).

Power from Below in Premodern Societies
The Dynamics of Political Complexity in the Archaeological Record
, pp. 202 - 219
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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