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Book description

The eighteenth century was a key period in the development of the English language, in which the modern standard emerged and many dictionaries and grammars first appeared. This book is divided into thematic sections which deal with issues central to English in the eighteenth century. These include linguistic ideology and the grammatical tradition, the contribution of women to the writing of grammars, the interactions of writers at this time and how politeness was encoded in language, including that on a regional level. The contributions also discuss how language was seen and discussed in public and how grammarians, lexicographers, journalists, pamphleteers and publishers judged on-going change. The novel insights offered in this book extend our knowledge of the English language at the onset of the modern period.

Reviews

'Eighteenth-Century English: Ideology and Change represents another significant contribution to English historical linguistics in the Studies in English Language series … under the supervision of Merja Kytö. The volume, edited by Raymond Hickey, contains sixteen essays by leading scholars whose main research interests include the development of English in the Late Modern period. The book therefore serves as a useful companion to its predecessor on the nineteenth century, Nineteenth-Century English: Stability and Change (2006) … I am confident that the studies in this volume will encourage further investigation into this prolific, yet somewhat neglected, period of the history of the English language.'

María José López-Couso Source: English Language and Linguistics

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References
Late modern English language studies
Primary sources
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,BNCN Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Burney Collection Newspapers. www.find.galegroup.com/bncn
,CEECE The Corpus of Early English Correspondence Extension. Compiled by Terttu Nevalainen; Samuli Kaislaniemi, Mikko Laitinen, Minna Nevala, Arja Nurmi, Minna Palander-Collin, Helena Raumolin-Brunberg, Anni Sairio, Tuuli Tahko (Helsinki University).
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,COLMOBAENGA Corpus of Late Modern British and American English Prose 1700–1879. Compiled by Teresa Fanego (University of Santiago de Compostela). www.usc-teresafanego.es/COLMOBAENG.pdf
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,ECJEighteenth Century Journals: A Portal to Newspapers and Periodicals, c1685–1815. www.18thcjournals.amdigital.co.uk/Index.aspx
,EEBOEarly English Books Online. www.eebo.chadwyck.com/home
,LIONLiterature Online. www.lion.chadwyck.co.uk
,OBROld Bailey Records. www.oldbaileyonline.org
,ZENZurich English Newspaper Corpus, Version 1.0. Compiled by Udo Fries, Hans Martin Lehmann, Beni Ruef, Peter Schneider, Patrick Studer, Caren auf dem Keller, Beat Nietlispach, Sandra Engler, Sabine Hensel and Franziska Zeller. www.es-zen.unizh.ch. Zurich: University of Zurich
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Blount, Thomas 1656. Glossographia; Or a Dictionary, interpreting all such Hard Words. London: Printed by The Newcomb. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1969.
Bullokar, William 1581. Book at Large, for the Amendment of Orthographie for English Speech.
Bullokar, William 1586. Bref Grammar for English. London.
Bullokar, John 1616. An English Expositor: Teaching the Interpretation of the Hardest Words in our Language. London: Iohn Legatt.
Butler, Charles 1668. The English Grammar or the Institutions of Letters.
Cawdrey, Robert 1604. A Table Alphabetical. London: Weaver.
Clare, William 1690. A Compleat System of Grammar, English and Latin. London: Printed for H. Walwyn.
Coles, Elisha 1674. The Compleat English Schoolmaster. London: Parker.
Coles, Elisha 1676. An English Dictionary. London: Crouch.
Cooper, Christopher 1685. Grammatica Linguae Anglicanae.
Cooper, Christopher 1687. English Teacher or the Discovery of the Art of Teaching and Learning the English Tongue. London: Printed by John Richardson.
Coote, Edmund 1596. The English Schoole Maister. London: Jackson and Dexter.
Daines, Simon 1640. Orthoepia Anglicana. London.
Gil, Alexander 1619. Logonomia Anglicana.
Hart, John 1551. The Opening of the Unreasonable Writing of Our Inglish Toung.
Hart, John 1569. An Orthographie of English.
Hart, John 1570. A Methode or Comfortable Beginning for All Unlearned.
Hickes, George 1689. Institutiones Grammaticae Anglo-Saxonicae. Reprinted 1990.
Mulcaster, Richard 1582. The First Part of the Elementarie Which Entreateth Chieflie of the Right Writing of Our English Tung.
Phillips, Edward 1658. The New World of English Words: Or, a General Dictionary. London: E. Tyler. Second edition 1662); Sixth edition, revised J. Kersey (1706. London: J. Phillips, H. Rhodes, and J. Taylor).
Puttenham, George 1589. The Arte of English Poesie. London.
Ray, John 1674. A Collection of English Words not Generally Used with their Significations and Original in Two Alphabetical Catalogues. London: C. Wilkinson.
Robinson, Robert 1617. The Art of Pronunciation. London: Printed by Nicholas Okes. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1969.
Wallis, John 1653. Grammatica Linguae Anglicanae. Oxford: Wallis.
Wilkins, John 1668. An Essay Towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language. London: Gelibrand.
Eighteenth century works on English
General
Baker, Robert 1770. Reflections on the English Language. London.
Beattie, James 1788. The Theory of Language. London: Strahan.
Blacklock, Thomas 1756. An Essay on Universal Etymology. Edinburgh: Printed for E. Wilson.
Buchanan, James Publication of novel The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith (1730–74).. Essay Towards Establishing a Standard for an Elegant and Uniform Pronunciation of the English Language Through the British Dominions. London: Millar.
Defoe, Daniel 1724. A Tour Thro' the Whole Island of Great Britain. London.
Dyche, Thomas 1707. A Guide to the English Tongue. London: Butler.
Harris, George 1752. Observations upon the English Language. London: Edward Withers.
Hogg, Henry 1790. The New and Complete Universal Letter-Writer or, Whole Art of Polite Correspondence. London: Printed for Alexander Hogg.
Martin, Benjamin 1748. Institutions of Language; Containing a Physico- grammatical Essay on the Propriety and Rationale of the English Tongue. London: Printed for S. Birt.
Nares, Robert 1784. Elements of Orthoepy: Containing a Distinct View of the Whole Analogy of the English Language. London: Printed for T. Payne.
Robinson, Robert 1617. The Art of Pronunciation. London: Printed by Nicholas Okes. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1969.
Sheridan, Thomas 1761. A Dissertation on the Causes of the Difficulties which Occur, in Learning the English Tongue. London: R. and J. Dodsley.
Sheridan, Thomas 1786. Elements of English: Being a New Method of Teaching the Whole Art of Reading, Both with Regard to Pronunciation and Spelling. London: Printed for C. Dilly.
Sheridan, Thomas 1775. Lectures on the Art of Reading. 2 vols. London.
Sinclair, Sir John 1782. Observations on the Scottish Dialect. London.
Spence, Thomas 1775. The Grand Repository of the English Language. Newcastle: Printed by T. Saint.
Swift, Jonathan 1712. A Proposal for Correcting, Improving and Ascertaining the English Language. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1969.
Tooke, John Horne 1798–1805. The Diversions of Purley. 2 vols. London.
Webster, Noah 1783. A Grammatical Institute of the English Language, Comprising an Easy, Concise and Systematic Method of Education. Hartford, CT: Hudson and Goodwin.
Webster, Noah 1789. Dissertations of the English Language. Boston: Thomas.
Dictionaries
Allen, Francis 1765. The Complete English Dictionary. London: J. Wilson and J. Fell.
Ash, John 1795. New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, and R. Baldwin.
Bailey, Nathan 1721. An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. London: E. Bell; [Fifth edition 1731].
Bailey, Nathan 1730. Dictionarium Britannicum: or a More Compleat Universal Etymological English Dictionary than any Extant. London: T. Cox.
Bailey, Nathan 1755. A New Universal Etymological Dictionary. Revised and corrected by Scott, J. N..
Barclay, James 1774. A Complete and Universal Dictionary on a New Plan. London: Richardson and Urquhart.
Barclay, JamesBarlow, Frederick 1773. The Complete English Dictionary: or, General Repository of the English Language. London: The Author.
Baskerville, John 1765. A Vocabulary, Or Pocket Dictionary. Birmingham: John Baskerville.
Bayley, M. 1764. An Universal Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. Edinburgh: The Proprietors.
Bentick, John 1786. The Spelling and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language. London: Thomas Carnan.
Browne, Thomas 1800. The Union Dictionary. London: J. W. Myers.
Buchanan, James 1757. A New English Dictionary. London
Crakelt, William 1786. Entick's New Spelling Dictionary. Revised, Corrected, and Enlarged Throughout. London: Charles Dilly. [New edition 1787].
Defoe, Benjamin Norton 1735. A Compleat English Dictionary. London: Olive Payne.
Dyche, Thomas 1723. A Dictionary of All the Words Commonly Us'd in the English Tongue; and the Most Usual Proper Names; with Accent Directing to their True Pronunciation. London: Butler.
Dyche, Thomas and Pardon, William 1735. A New General English Dictionary. London: Richard Ware.
Entick, John 1765. The New Spelling Dictionary, Teaching to Write and Pronounce the English Tongue with Ease and Propriety. Second edition 1766. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly.
Fenning, Daniel 1761. The Royal English Dictionary. Second edition 1763. London; S. Crowder.
Fenning, Daniel 1771. A New Grammar of the English Language; Or, an Easy Introduction to the Art of Speaking and Writing English with Propriety and Correctness. London: Printed for S. Crowder.
Finkenstaedt, Thomas, Leisi, Ernst and Wolff, Dieter 1970. A Chronological English Dictionary: Listing 80,000 Words in Order of their Earliest Known Occurrence. Heidelberg: Winter.
Fisher, Ann 1773. An Accurate New Spelling Dictionary of the English Language. Second edition. London: Printed for the Author. [Sixth edition 1786].
Grose, Francis 1785. A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue. London: Hooper.
Grose, Francis 1787. A Provincial Glossary, with a Collection of Local Proverbs and Popular Superstitions. London: Printed for S. Hooper.
Hamilton, Joseph 1794. Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language in Miniature. London: George Stafford.
Johnson, J. 1763. The New Royal and Universal English Dictionary. 2 vols. London: A. Millard and Robert Dodsley.
Johnson, Samuel Pelham wins elections and remains prime minister.. The Plan of a Dictionary of the English Language. London.
Johnson, Samuel 1755. A Dictionary of the English Language. London.
Johnston, William 1764. A Pronouncing and Spelling Dictionary. London: W. Johnston.
Jones, Stephen 1798. Sheridan Improved. A General Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language. London: Vernor and Hood.
Kenrick, William 1773. A New Dictionary of the English Language. London: John and Francis Rivington, William Johnston et al.
Kersey, John 1708. Dictionarium Anglo-Britannicum. London: W. Wilde.
Manlove, James 1741. New English Dictionary of All Such English Words (With Their Explanation) as are Generally Made Use of, in Speaking and Writing the English Language. London.
Marchant, John 25 October: George III (House of Hanover) ascends the English throne after the death of George II. Reigns until 1820.. A New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language. Second edition [1762]. London: J. Fuller.
Martin, Benjamin 1749. Lingua Britannica Reformata: Or, A New English Dictionary. London: J. Hodges.
Perry, William 1775. The Royal Standard English Dictionary. Edinburgh: David Willison.
Scott, Joseph Nicol 1755. A New Universal Etymological English Dictionary. London: T. Osborne.
Sheridan, Thomas 1780. A General Dictionary of the English Language, One Object of Which is to Establish a Plain and Permanent Standard of Pronunciation. 2 Vols. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1967.
Sparrow, John 1739. New English Dictionary. London.
Walker, John 1774. A General Idea of a Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language on a Plan Entirely New. London.
Walker, John 1819 [1775]. Rhyming Dictionary of the English Language. Third edition. London.
Walker, John 1815 [1791]. A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English Language. Fifteenth edition. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1968.
Wesley, John 1753. The Complete English Dictionary. London: J. Robinson.
Grammars, general
,Anon. Jethro Tull (1674–1741), a farmer from Berkshire, publishes The Horse-Hoeing Husbandry, a treatise which acts as a guide for modern agricultural practices.. The English Accidence, Being the Grounds of Our Mother Tongue; Or, a Plain and Easy Introduction to an English Grammar. London: Roberts.
,Anon 19 October: English general Charles Cornwallis (1738–1805) surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia, thus losing a decisive engagement of the American War of Independence.. English Grammar. Doway.
Ash, John 1763. Grammatical Institutes; Or an Easy Introduction to Dr. Lowth's Grammar. London: Dilly.
Ash, John Publication of novel The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith (1730–74).. The Easiest Introduction to Dr. Lowth's English Grammar, Designed for the Use of Children under Ten Years of Age, to Lead Them into a Clear Knowledge of the First Principles of the English Language. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly.
Baker, Robert 1770. Reflections on the English Langauge, in the Nature of Vaugelas's Reflections on the French. London: Bell.
Bayly, Anselm 1772. A Plain and Complete Grammar of the English Language with The English Accidence. London: Printed for J. Ridley.
Bayly, AnselmBellum Grammaticale: Or, the Grammatical Battel Royal. In Reflections on the Three English Grammars Published in about a Year Last Past. 1712. London: Printed for J. and M. Jerund.
Bettesworth, John 1778. The English Grammar Epitomis'd. London: For G. Keeble and the Author.
Bicknell, A. 1796. The Grammatical Wreath. 2 Vols. London.
Brightland, John and Gildon, Charles 1711. A Grammar of the English Tongue, with Notes, Giving the Grounds and Reason of Grammar in General. London: Brightland.
Brittain, L. 1788. Rudiments of English Grammar. Louvain.
Buchanan, James 1762. The British Grammar: or, an Essay, in Four Parts, Towards Speaking and Writing the English Language Grammatically … for the Use of the Schools of Great Britain and Ireland, and of Private Young Gentlemen and Ladies. London.
Buchanan, James 1767. A Regular English Syntax. London: Wren.
Bullen, Rev., John, Henry St. 1797. Rudiments of English Grammar, for the Use of Schools. Bury St. Edmund's: Printed and sold by P. Gedge; London: G. G. and J. Robinson.
Collyer, John 1735. The General Principles of Grammar. Nottingham: Collyer.
Coote, Charles 1788. Elements of the Grammar of the English Language. London: The Author.
Devis, Ellin 1775. The Accidence, Or First Rudiments of English Grammar. Designed for the Use of Young Ladies … By a Lady. London.
Dilworth, Thomas 1751. A New Guide to the English Tongue. Thirteenth edition. London: Kent.
Duncan, Daniel 1731. A New English Grammar. London: Prevost.
Edwards, Mrs. M. C. 1796. A Short Compendium of English Grammar, in Which the Several Parts of Speech Are Clearly Explained and Defined (By Way of QUESTION and ANSWER.). Brentford: Printed by P. Norbury.
Elphinston, James 1786. Propriety Ascertained in Her Picture; Or, Inglish Speech and Spelling Rendered Mutual Guides, Vol. 1. London: Jon Walter.
Elstob, Elizabeth 1715. The Rudiments of Grammar. For the English-Saxon Tongue, First Given in English; With an Apology for the Study of Northern Antiquities. Being Very Useful Towards the Understanding Our Ancient English Poets, and Other Writers. London: Printed by W. Bowyer.
Eves, Mrs. 1800. The Grammatical Play-thing, Or, Winter Evening's Recreation, for Young Ladies from Four to Twelve Years Old. Birmingham.
Fenn, Lady Ellenor 1798. The Mother's Grammar. Being a Continuation of the Child's Grammar. With Lessons for Parsing. London.
Fenn, Lady Ellenor 1799a. The Friend of Mothers. Designed to Assist Them in Their Attempts to Instill the Rudiments of Language and Arithmetic, At an Early Age, and in a Manner Agreeable to Their Children. London: For E. Newbery.
Fenn, Lady Ellenor 1799b. The Child's Grammar. Designed to Enable Ladies Who May Not Have Attended to the Subject Themselves to Instruct Their Children. Dublin: Printed by Robert Napper for B. Dugdale.
Fisher, Ann 1745. A New Grammar. Being the Most Easy Guide to Speaking and Writing the English Language Properly and Correctly. Containing … Exercises of Bad English, in the Manner of Clark and Bailey's Examples for the Latin…Designed for the Use of Schools. [Title from the second edition, 1750] Newcastle upon Tyne.
Fogg, Peter Walkden 1796. Elementa Anglicana; Or, the Principles of English Grammar. 2 vols. Stockport.
Gardiner, Jane 1799. The Young Ladies' English Grammar; Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners. York: Printed by Thomas Wilson and Robert Spence, High Ousegate. London: Sold by Vernor and Hood. Beverley: M. Turner.
Gough, James 1754. A Practical Grammar of the English Tongue. Containing the Most Material Rules and Observations for Understanding the English Language Well, and Writing with Propriety. Dublin: Isaac Jackson.
Greenwood, James 1711. An Essay Towards a Practical English Grammar. Describing the Genius and Nature of the English Tongue: Giving Likewise a Rational and Plain Account of Grammar in General, with a Familiar Explanation of Its Terms. London: Printed by R. Tookey.
Harris, James 1751. Hermes; Or, A Philosophical Inquiry Concerning Language and Universal Grammar. London: Woodfall.
Harrison, Ralph 1777. Institutes of English Grammar. Manchester: Charles Wheeler.
Hornsey, John 1793. A Short English Grammar in Two Parts: Simplified to the Capacities of Children. York: Wilson.
Johnson, Richard 1706. Grammatical Commentaries: being an apparatus to a new national grammar: by way of animadversion upon the falsities, obscurities, redundancies and defects of Lilly's system now in use. London: Printed for the Author.
Jones, Hugh 1724. An Accidence to the English Tongue. London.
Jones, Rowland 1771. The Circles of Gomer; Or, An Essay Towards an Investigation and Introduction to the English, as an Universal Language, upon the First Principles of Speech. London: Crowder.
Kirkby, John 16 April: Battle of Culloden, near Inverness, ends the Jacobite rising which began the previous year.. A New English Grammar, Or, Guide to the English Tongue, with Notes. London: Printed for R. Manby and H. S. Cox.
Kitson, Roger 1798. A Short Introduction to English Grammar, with Orthographical Exercises. Norwich: Printed and Sold by Stevenson and Matchett.
Loughton, William 1739. A Practical Grammar of the English Tongue. Third edition. London: Printed for Caesar Ward and Richard Chandler.
Lowth, Robert 1762. A Short Introduction to English Grammar: With Critical Notes. London: Printed by J. Hughes; for A. Millar and R. and J. Dodsley. Reprinted 1995.
Mackintosh, Duncan 1797. A Plain, Rational Essay on English Grammar. Boston: Manning and Loring.
Maittaire, Michael 1712. The English Grammar: Or, an Essay on the Art of Grammar, Applied to and Exemplified in the English Tongue. London: Printed for H. Clements.
Marsden, William 1796. Catalogue of Dictionaries, Vocabularies, Grammars and Alphabets. London.
Mercy, Blanch 1799. A Short Introduction to English Grammar. In Two Separate Volumes…Designed for the Use of Young Ladies. London: For the Authoress.
Mercy, Blanch 1801. A Short Introduction to English Grammar. Vol.II. Or Instructress's Book: Designed for the Use of Ladies Who Wish to Acquire a Method of Teaching. Second edition. Carlisle: Printed by F. Jollie, for C. Law, London.
Murray, Lindley 1795. English Grammar, Adapted to the Different Classes of Learners. York: Printed and Sold by Wilson, Spence and Mawman.
Murray, Lindley 1797. An Abridgment of L. Murray's English Grammar. With an Appendix, Containing an Exemplification of the Parts of Speech. Designed for the Use of the Youngest Class of Learners. By Lindley Murray. York: Printed and sold by Wilson, Spence, and Mawman: Sold also by Darton and Harvey, London.
Newbery, John 1745. An Easy Introduction to the English Language; Or, a Compendious Grammar for the Use of Young Gentlemen, Ladies, and Foreigners. Being the Second Volume of the Circle of the Sciences, &c. London: Printed for J. Newbery.
Newbery, John 1769. Grammar Made Familiar and Easy to Young Gentlemen, Ladies, and Foreigners, Being the First Volume of the Circle of the Sciences, &c. The Third Edition, with Additions. London: Printed for Newbery and Carnan.
Pickbourn, James 1789. A Dissertation on the English Verb. London: Printed by J. Davis.
Piozzi, Hester Lynch 1794. British Synonymity; Or, an Attempt at Regulating the Choice of Words in Familiar Conversation. 2 vols. London: Robinson.
Priestley, Joseph 1762. A Course of Lectures on the Theory of Language and Universal Grammar. Warrington.
Salisbury, William 1768. Two Grammatical Essays. London: Bathurst.
Saxon, Samuel 1737. The English Schollar's Assistant; Or, the Rudiments of the English Tongue. Reading: Henry.
Sedger, John 1798. The Structure of the English Language; Exhibiting an Easy and Familiar Method of Acquiring a Grammatical Knowledge of its Constituent Parts. London: Ashton.
Smetham, T. 1774. The Practical Grammar. London.
Stackhouse, Thomas 1731. Reflections on the Nature and Property of Languages in General, and on the Advantages, Defects, and Manner of Improving the English Tongue in Particular. London: Batley.
Story, Joshua 1783. An Introduction to English Grammar. Third edition. Newcastle upon Tyne. Fifth edition, 1793.
Trusler, John Publication of novel The Vicar of Wakefield by Oliver Goldsmith (1730–74).. The Difference Between Words Esteemed Synonymous in the English Language; and the Proper Choice of them Determined. 2 vols. London: Dodsley.
Ussher, G. Neville 1786 [1785]. The Elements of English Grammar, Methodically Arranged for the Assistance of Young Persons Who Study the English Language Grammatically: To Which Is Added a Concise Treatment of Rhetoric. Designed Particularly for the Use of Ladies' Boarding Schools. Second edition. Glocester [sic]: Printed by R. Raikes.
Ward, William 1765. An Essay on Grammar. London: Horsfield.
Ward, William 1767. A Grammar of the English Language. York: A. Ward.
White, James 1761. The English Verb. London.
Grammars, rhetorical
Campbell, George 1776. The Philosophy of Rhetoric. Edinburgh.
Gibbons, Thomas 1767. Rhetoric; Or, A View of its Principal Tropes and Figures, in Their Origin and Powers; With a Variety of Rules to Escape Errors and Blemishes, and Attain Propriety and Elegance in Composition. London: Oliver.
Kenrick, William 1784. A Rhetorical Grammar of the English Language wherein the Elements of Speech in General and those of the English Tongue in Particular are Analysed and the Rudiments of Articulation, Pronunciation, and Prosody Intelligibly Displayed. London: R. Cadell and W. Longman.
Rice, John 1763. An Introduction to the Art of Reading with Energy and Propriety. London: J. and R. Tonson.
Rice, John 1765. Syllabus of a Course of Rhetorical Lectures in which the Art of Reading and Speaking the English Language with Elegance and Propriety will be Laid Down. London.
Sheridan, Thomas 19 October: English general Charles Cornwallis (1738–1805) surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia, thus losing a decisive engagement of the American War of Independence.. A Rhetorical Grammar of the English Language Calculated Solely for the Purpose of Teaching Propriety of Pronunciation and Justness of Delivery, in that Tongue. Dublin: Price.
Works on pronunciation
Adams, James 1794. Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae. English Linguistics 1500–1800. No 112. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1968.
Adams, James 1799. The Pronunciation of the English Language Vindicated from Imputed Anomaly and Caprice. Edinburgh.
,Anon. 1796. Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. London: J. W. Myers.
,Anon. 1797. Vocabulary of such Words in the English Language as are of Dubious or Unsettled Pronunciation. London: Rivington.
Buchanan, James 1757. Linguae Britannicae Vera Pronunciatio. London.
Burn, John. 1786. A Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. Glasgow: Printed by Alex Adam. Second edition. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1969.
Enfield, William 1799 [1774]. The Speaker. London: Joseph Johnson.
Johnston, William 1764. A Pronouncing and Spelling Dictionary of the English Language. London: The Author.
Jones, Stephen 1798. Sheridan Improved: A General Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language. Third edition. London: Vernor and Hood.
Scott, William 1786. Spelling, Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language.
Smith, William 1795. An Attempt to Render the Pronunciation of the English Language More Easy to Foreigners: Being the Abridgement of a Larger Work to be Comprised of Three Volumes, and Entitled a Dictionary of the English and French Languages. London: Printed for the Author by T. Gillet.
Watts, I. 1721. The Art of Reading and Writing English. London.
Works on elocution
Sheridan, Thomas 1762. A Course of Lectures on Elocution. Reprinted, Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1970.
Walker, John 19 October: English general Charles Cornwallis (1738–1805) surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia, thus losing a decisive engagement of the American War of Independence.. Elements of Elocution. London.
Walker, John 1785. A Rhetorical Grammar or Course of Lessons in Elocution. London. Reprinted, Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1969.
Works on education
Buchanan, James 1770. A Plan of an English Grammar School Education. London: A. Millar.
Priestley, Joseph 1768 [1761]. The Rudiments of English Grammar. Adapted to the Use of Schools. London.
Rice, John 1773. A Lecture on the Importance and Necessity of Rendering the English Language a Peculiar Branch of Female Education. London: For G. Kearsley.
Sheridan, Thomas 1756. British Education or, the Sources of the Disorders of Great Britain, Being an Essay Towards Proving, that the Immorality, Ignorance, and False Taste, which so Generally Prevail, are the Natural and Necessary Consequences of the Present Defective System of Education with an Attempt to Shew, that a Revival of the Art of Speaking, and the Study of our own Language, Might Contribute, in a Great Measure, to the Cure of those Evils. London: Dodsley.
Taylor, Mrs. 1791. An Easy Introduction to General Knowledge and Liberal Education … For the Use of the Young Ladies, At Strangeways Hall, Manchester. Warrington: Printed by W. Eyres, 1791.
Williams, D. 1774. A Treatise on Education. London.
Williams, John 1783. Thoughts on the Origin and on the Most Rational and Natural Method of Teaching the Languages: with some Observations on the Necessity of one Universal Language for all Works of Science. London: Printed by H. Goldney. Menston: The Scolar Press, 1969.
Nineteenth century works on English
General
Batchelor, Thomas 1809. An Orthoëpical Analysis of the English Language, Including An Orthoëpical Analysis of the Dialect of Bedfordshire. London. Reprinted in Lund Studies in English, Vol. 45, edited by Arne Zettersten.
Barnes, William 1878. An Outline of Speech-Craft. London: Kegan Paul.
Kington-Oliphant, T. 1873. The Sources of Standard English. 2 Vols. London.
Levante, Rev. E. R. 1869. Orthoepy and Orthography of the English Language. London.
Savage, W. H. 1833. The Vulgarisms and Improprieties of the English Language. London.
Dictionaries
Axon, W. E. A. 1883. English Dialect Words in the Eighteenth Century as Shown in the Universal Etymological Dictionary of Nathaniel Bailey. London.
Browne, T. 1806. The Union Dictionary. London.
Fulton, G. and Knight, G. 1833. A Dictionary of the English Language Greatly Improved. Edinburgh.
Longmuir, J. 1864. Walker and Webster Combined in a Dictionary of the English Language. London.
Lowe, E. C. 1867. An English Primer. London.
Murray, James A. H., Bradley, Henry, Craigie, William A. and Onions, Charles T. (eds) 1884–1928. A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Pickering, John 2 December: Spa Fields Riot at Clerkenwell over political reform.. A Vocabulary of Collection of Words and Phrases which have been Supposed to be Peculiar to the United States of America. Boston: Cummings and Hilliard.
Trench, Richard C. 1860. On Some Deficiencies in Our English Dictionaries. Second revised edition. London: John W. Parker and Sons.
Webster, Noah Wellington becomes prime minister (until 1830).. American Dictionary of the English Language. New York: Converse.
Grammars
Booth, David 20 June: William IV dies and is succeeded by his niece who is crowned Queen Victoria on 28 June. She remains monarch until her death in 1901.. The Principles of English Grammar. London.
Hill, William 1833. Fifteen Lessons, on the Analogy and Syntax of the English Language. Huddersfield.
Livesey, T. J. 1881. How to Teach Grammar. Illustrated in a Series of Lessons. London.
Martin, Thomas The Combination Act of 1799, ‘An Act to prevent Unlawful Combinations of Workmen’, was repealed in 1824 and followed by a new Combination Act the following year allowing trade unions to form under strict conditions.. A Philological Grammar of the English Language. London: Rivington.
Oliver, S. 1825. A General Critical Grammar of the Inglish Language on a System Novel and Extensive. London.
Smart, Benjamin H. 1812. A Grammar of English Sounds. London: John Richardson.
Wright, Joseph 1898–1905. The English Dialect Dictionary. Oxford: Henry Frowde.
Wright, Joseph 1905. The English Dialect Grammar. Oxford: Henry Frowde.
Works on pronunciation
Coysh, G. 20 June: William IV dies and is succeeded by his niece who is crowned Queen Victoria on 28 June. She remains monarch until her death in 1901.. The British Pronouncing and Self-Instructing Spelling Book. Topsham.
Eccles, E. A. S. 1879. Harry Hawkins' H Book. London.
Enfield, William 1809. A Familiar Treatise on Rhetoric. London.
Hon. Henry, H. 1854–66. Poor Letter H: Its Use and Abuse. London.
Leach, A. 1881. The Letter H. Past, Present, and Future. London.
Newman, F. W. 1869. Orthëpy: Or, a Simple Moder of Accenting English. London.
Nuttall, Peter A. (ed.) 1863. The Standard Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, Based on the Labours of Worcester, Richardson, Webster. London.
Nuttall, Peter A. 1855, 1868, 1872, 1873. Walker's Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. London.
Ogilvie, J. 1870. The Comprehensive English Pronouncing Dictionary. London.
Phyfe, W. 1885. How Should I Pronounce? Or the Art of Correct Pronunciation. London.
Rogers, R. R. 1855. Poor Letter R. Its Use and Abuse. London.
Sherman, L. 1885. A Handbook of Pronunciation. London.
Smart, Benjamin H. Military struggle with Napoleonic forces continues.. A Practical Grammar of English Pronunciation. London.
Smart, Benjamin H. 1812. A Grammar of English Sounds. London.
Smart, Benjamin H. 1836. Walker Remodelled. A New Critical Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. London: T. Cadell.
Smith, C. W. 1866. Mind Your H's and Take Care of Your R's. London.
Sweet, Henry 1877. Handbook of Phonetics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Sweet, Henry 1890. A Primer of Spoken English. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Sweet, Henry 1908. The Sounds of English. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Young, T. (ed.) 1857. A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language. London.
Works on elocution
Graham, William 20 June: William IV dies and is succeeded by his niece who is crowned Queen Victoria on 28 June. She remains monarch until her death in 1901.. Principles of Elocution. Edinburgh: Chambers.
Hullah, John 1870. The Cultivation of the Speaking Voice. Oxford.
Smart, Benjamin H. 1842. The Practice of Elocution. Fourth edition. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans.
Smith, Charles W. 1858. Hints on Elocution and Public Speaking. London.
Vandenhoff, George 1855. The Art of Elocution. London.
Whyte, Samuel 1800. An Introductory Essay on the Art of Reading, and Speaking in Public. Dublin.
Works on education
Bartle, Rev. G. 1875. A Few Words to Parents and Guardians on the Education of Youth. London.
Carlisle, Nicholas 20 October: Border of USA and Canada west of the Great Lakes set at the 49th parallel.. A Concise Description of the Endower Grammar Schools of England and Wales. London.
Carpenter, Thomas 1825. The School Speaker. London.
Cobbett, William 20 October: Border of USA and Canada west of the Great Lakes set at the 49th parallel.. A Grammar of the English Language, in a Series of Letters. Intended for the Use of Schools and of Young Persons in General; but more Especially for the Use of Soldiers, Sailors, Apprentices, and Ploughboys. New York, London.
Poole, John 1813. The Village School Improved; Or, A New System of Education Practically Explained, and Adapted to the Case of Country Parishes. Second edition. Oxford.