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  • Stand out of our Light
  • Freedom and Resistance in the Attention Economy
  • Online publication date: May 2018
  • pp 132-134
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press

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        • Index
        • James Williams, University of Oxford
        • Book: Stand out of our Light
        • Online publication: 30 May 2018
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        • Index
        • James Williams, University of Oxford
        • Book: Stand out of our Light
        • Online publication: 30 May 2018
        Available formats
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        • Index
        • James Williams, University of Oxford
        • Book: Stand out of our Light
        • Online publication: 30 May 2018
        Available formats
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Index

Abilene Paradox, 48
Abilene, Texas, 69
ad blocking, 111112
addiction, 113114
viewing or not viewing technology as, 99
advertising, 28, 79
artificial intelligence, 9092
digital, 2932
ethics of digital advertising, 121
internet, 28
native advertising, 32
reassessment of nature and purpose, 108112
search queries as signals of user intent, 122
Aesop, 2627
Age of Attention, 16, 23
challenges of, 20
enforcing boundaries, 24
akrasia (weakness of will), 64
Alexa, 117
Alexander the Great, 23
Amazon Inc., 90, 117
analytics systems, 32
Andreessen, Marc, 90
Anger and Forgiveness, 7475
Apple Inc., 90
Arendt, Hannah, 71
Aristotle, 27, 70, 74
artificial intelligence
games, 91
persuasion, 9092
attention, 10, 29
capacities for prediction, 69
competition over, 8889
defining, 4447
offsets, 116
spotlight of, 45
attention economy, 3334, 58, 62
adversarial nature of technology, 97
as akin to DDoS attack, 88
conceptualizing, 8889
democracy, 68, 80, 89
elements in previous eras, 97
increasing intrusiveness, 90
listening devices, 92
media literacy, 101
monetization of users, 123
moral outrage, 7177, 80, 100
necessity of action, 98
predigital, 9798
reassessment of advertising, 108
rewiring human relationship to, 89
technology and reasoning, 79
voluntary reform, 104
Attention Merchants, The, 104
Aurelius, Marcus, 117
Blue State Digital, 63
Bose, 23
boundaries, 2124
Braudy, Leo, 59
Brave New World, 10
Brexit, 78
browser “cookie”, 3132
Cecil the Lion, 7273, 75
China, 52
choice architect, 21
Churchill, Winston, 28, 36
clickbait, 3334, 43, 52
competence, benefit of, 107
consent, 115
Coremetrics, 32
Crawford, Matthew, 21, 51
cybernetics, 48
Daily You, The, 31
DeepMind, 90
Deming, W. Edwards, 102
democracy, 80, 94, 102
distractions of the attention economy, 68
values of, 61
design
and distraction, 56
goals of, 8, 19
lack of user representation in process, 123
persuasion, 2729, 3435, 51
Designer’s Oath, 118121
digital advertising, 28, 31, 53, 92
ethics, 121
growth, 29
Diogenes, 13, 2122, 4344, 110
Discourse on Political Economy, A, 89
distraction, 10, 18, 45, 55, 65, 88
appetite for, 46, 89
effect of, 5051
epistemic, 6869
existential, 56
functional, 5051
IQ scores, 69
obscured “starlight”, 56
protection against, 116
technological, 44
Dugan, Regina, 92
Dylan, Bob, 50
education, 101
electoral college system, 78
engagement metrics, 32
English, 36
European Union, 115
Eyal, Nir, 34
Facebook, 36, 53, 57, 73, 92, 117
emotional contagion experiment, 6263
Secret Mood Manipulation Experiment (The Atlantic), 63
Fadell, Tony, 102
fake news, 69, 87, 102, 115
Floridi, Luciano, 104
Franck, Georg, 46
Frankfurt, Harry, 20, 68
freedom, 46
Frenzy of Renown, The, 59
Fricker, Miranda, 68
games, 92
as well positioned for application of AI, 90
Ghonim, Wael, 79
“Gift of a Common Tongue, The”, 36
goals
engagement, 89
human, 7
of technology designers, 10
Google, 7, 29, 32, 36, 90, 101, 119
Gmail, 51
Google Analytics, 32
Grapes of Wrath, The, 102
Hammerbacher, Jeff, 30
Harris, Tristan, 33
Hearphones, 23
Hegel, G. W. F., 99
Hewlett-Packard, 69
Hidden Persuaders, The, 110
Hooked: How to Build Habit Forming Products, 34
human-as-computer metaphor, 88
Huxley, Aldous, 1011, 23, 99
Idiocracy, 61
information, 1216
abundance of, 1516
Information Age, 12
information management
vs attention management, 115
information technologies, 93
assessing the design logic, 117
dependency, 19
effects of, 87
persuasive design of, 87, 9394
infraethics, 104
injustice, epistemic, 68
Innis, Harold, 10
internet
advertising, 28
attention management, 3536
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), 32
Island, 99
“iTrainer”, 1820, 22
James, William, 44, 47, 56, 64
Johnson, Clay, 63
Judge, Mike, 61
Kahneman, Daniel, 30
Korsgaard, Christine, 70
Lakoff, George, 7778
language, humanizing of, 112
leisure, 7071
Levy, Neil, 24, 56
Lincoln, Abraham, 75
List of Cognitive Biases, 101
MacManus, Theodore, 109
Mayer, Milton, 94
McLuhan, Marshall, 9192
Meditations, 117
military rule, approval of, 61
Mill, John Stuart, 46
mindfulness, 101
mob justice, 7576
moral outrage, 7177
personal anxiety, 76
Müller, Jan-Werner, 7779
Nadir of Nothingness, the, 109
native advertisements, 32
Neuroethics, 24, 56
Nielsen surveys, 31
Nineteen Eighty-Four, 10
Nussbaum, Martha, 7475, 79
oaths, 117121
Onlife Manifesto, the, 89
Orwell, George, 10
Our Master’s Voice: Advertising, 109
Packard, Vance, 110
Pask, Gordon, 48
perception
shift in due to overview effect, 125126
persuasion, 2729, 37, 87, 112114
artificial intelligence, 9092
information technology, 9394
pettiness, 5758
narcissism, 59
Pieper, Joseph, 70
polarization, political
as erosion of shared identity, 64
Political Economy, 62
political information, 5153
populism, 7879
Postman, Neil, 1011
Principles of Psychology, The, 64
propaganda, 52
“Regrets of the Dying”, 8
remnant inventory, 109
Republic, The, 76
rhetoric, 27
Roberts, Margaret, 52
Roethke, Theodore, 71
Rorty, James, 109111
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 20, , 4748, 62, , 6465, 77, 89
safe spaces, 2
self-regulation, 2124
shared identity, 6465
Simon, Herbert, 13
slot machine effect, 35
Sloterdijk, Peter, 21
Smith, Adam, 57, 60
Social Contract, The, 21, 77
Socrates, 76
Steinbeck, John, 102
Taylor, Charles, 64, 106
technology
aligning design goals with human goals, 106
blame for effects of, 102104
critiquing the comparison to drugs, 100
debating the benefits of, 9798
reason for existence of, 7
Tesla, Nikola, 23
Tetris, 15, , 1718, 56
Theory of Moral Sentiments, The, 57
They Thought They Were Free, 94
Trump, Donald J., 5253, 58
Turow, Joseph, 31
Tversky, Amos, 30
Twitch, 60
Twitter, 52, 58, 73
Understanding Media, 91
United Kingdom, 61, 63, 78
United States, 35, , 5253, 61, 71, 78
Universal Basic Income, 90
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Article 21, 47
wantonness, 68
Wealth of Nations, 60
Weibo, 60
Weinstein, Lauren, 63, 74
What is Populism?, 77
will, 4748
weakness of (akrasia), 64
Wu, Tim, 104, 115
You Must Change Your Life, 22
YouTube, 5960, 90, 117, 125
Zuckerberg, Mark, 36