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Attentional Selection

Top-Down, Bottom-Up and History-Based Biases

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 August 2020

Jan Theeuwes
Affiliation:
Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam
Michel Failing
Affiliation:
Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Summary

In this Element, a framework is proposed in which it is assumed that visual selection is the result of the interaction between top-down, bottom-up and selection-history factors. The Element discusses top-down attentional engagement and suppression, bottom-up selection by abrupt onsets and static singletons as well as lingering biases due to selection-history entailing priming, reward and statistical learning. We present an integrated framework in which biased competition among these three factors drives attention in a winner-take-all-fashion. We speculate which brain areas are likely to be involved and how signals representing these three factors feed into the priority map which ultimately determines selection.
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Online ISBN: 9781108891288
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication: 03 September 2020

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