Beer, D., Pereira, S. & Paton, C. (2001)
Psychiatric Intensive Care
. London: Greenwich Medical Media.
Buckley, P. F. (1999) The role of typical and atypical antipsychotic medications in the management of agitation and aggression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 60 (suppl. 10), 52–60.
Citrome, L. & Volavka, J. (2000) Pharmacological treatments for psychotic offenders. In Violence, Crime and Mentally Disordered Offenders (eds Hodgins, S. & Mueller-Isberner, R.) London: John Wiley & Sons.
Department of Health (1999) Mental Health Act 1983: Code of Practice. London: Stationery Office.
Dix, R. (2001) De-escalation techniques. In Psychiatric Intensive Care (eds Beer, D., Pereira, S. & Paton, C.) London: Greenwich Medical Media.
Galloway, J. (2002) Personal safety when visiting patients in the community. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 8, 214–222.
Glazer, W. M. & Dickson, R. A. (1998) Clozapine reduces violence and persistent aggression in schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 59 (suppl. 3), 8–14.
Gordon, H., Hindley, N., Marsden, A.
et al (1999) The use of mechanical restraint in the management of psychiatric patients: is it ever appropriate?
Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 10, 173–186.
Link, B. G. & Stueve, A. (1994) Psychotic symptoms and the violent/illegal behaviour of mental patients compared with community controls. In Violence and Mental Disorder (eds Monahan, J. & Steadman, H. J.) Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Macpherson, R., Dix, R. & Morgan, S. (2005) Revisiting: Guidelines for the management of acutely disturbed psychiatric patients. Advances in Psychitric Treatment, 11, in press.
McKenzie, B. (2001) Psychological approaches to longer-term patients presenting challenging behaviours. In Psychiatric Intensive Care (eds Beer, D., Pereira, S. & Paton, C.) London: Greenwich Medical Media.
Mullen, P. (1997) A reassessment of the link between mental disorder and violent behaviour, and its implications for clinical practice. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 31, 3–11.
National Institute for Clinical Excellence (2004) Short-term Management of Violent (Disturbed) Behaviour in Adult Psychiatric In-patient and Accident and Emergency Settings. Second Draft for Consultation. London: NICE.
Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire Strategic Health Authority (2003) Independent Inquiry into the Death of David Bennett. Cambridge: NSCSHA.
O'Halloran, R. L. & Frank, J. G. (2000) Asphyxial death during prone restraint revisited. A report of 21 cases. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 21, 39–52.
Osborn, D. P. J. & Tang, S. (2001) Effectiveness of audit in improving interview room safety. Psychiatric Bulletin, 25, 92–94.
Royal College of Psychiatrists (1998) Management of Imminent Violence. Clinical Practice Guidelines to Support Mental Health Services (Occasional Paper OP41). London: Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Sipos, A., Balmer, R. & Tattan, T. (2003) Better safe than sorry: a survey of safety awareness and safety provisions in the workplace among specialist registrars in the South West. Psychiatric Bulletin, 27, 354–357.
Steadman, H. J., Mulvey, E. P., Monahan, J.
et al (1998) Violence by people discharged from acute psychiatric inpatient facilities and by others in the same neighborhoods. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 393–401.
Swanson, J., Holzer, C. E., Ganju, V. K.
et al (1990) Violence and psychiatric disorders in the community: evidence from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area surveys. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 41, 761–770.
Taylor, P. J. & Gunn, J. (1999) Homicides by people with mental illness: myth and reality. British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 9–14.
Taylor, D., Paton, C. & Kerwin, R. (2005) The Maudsley 2005– 2006 Prescribing Guidelines. London: Taylor & Francis.
Volavka, J. & Citrome, L. (1999) Atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of the persistently aggressive psychotic patient: methodological concerns. Schizophrenia Research, 35 (suppl.), S23–33.
Walker, W. D. & Caplan, R. P. (1993) Assaultive behaviour in acute psychiatric wards and its relationship to violence in the community: a comparison of two health districts. Medicine, Science and Law, 33, 300–304.
Webster, C. D., Douglas, K. S., Eaves, D.
et al (1997) HCR– 20: Assessing Risk for Violence Version 2. Burnaby: Mental Health Law and Policy Institute, Simon Fraser University.