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THE EARLY HORIZON AT TRES ZAPOTES: IMPLICATIONS FOR OLMEC INTERACTION

  • Christopher A. Pool (a1), Ponciano Ortiz Ceballos (a2), María del Carmen Rodríguez Martínez (a3) and Michael L. Loughlin (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Modeling Olmec participation in Early Horizon interaction networks requires better understanding of the relations of Gulf Olmec communities with one another as well as with contemporaries elsewhere in Mesoamerica. We compare pottery, figurines, and obsidian assemblages from a recently isolated Early Formative component at Tres Zapotes with contemporary assemblages from San Lorenzo and Macayal, both in the Coatzacoalcos basin. Our analysis indicates that village inhabitants at Tres Zapotes interacted with populations in eastern Olman but also forged their own economic and social ties with central Veracruz and the Mexican highlands. This evidence suggests a heterogeneous politico-economic landscape in which multiple polities of varying complexity participated in overlapping networks of interaction, alliance, and competition within and beyond Olman.

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E-mail correspondence to: capool0@uky.edu
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

John E. Clark 1997 The Arts of Government in Early Mesoamerica. Annual Review of Anthropology 26:211234.

Robert H. Cobean , Michael D. Coe , Edward A. Perry Jr., Karl K. Turekian and Dinkar P. Kharkar 1971 Obsidian Trade at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Mexico. Science 174:666671.

Kent V. Flannery and Joyce Marcus 2000 Formative Mexican Chiefdoms and the Myth of the “Mother Culture”. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 19:137.

Hector Neff , Jeffrey Blomster , Michael D. Glascock , Ronald L. Bishop , M. James Blackman , Michael D. Coe , George L. Cowgill , Ann Cyphers , Richard A. Diehl , Stephen Houston , Arthur A. Joyce , Carl P. Lipo and Marcus Winter 2006 Smokescreens in the Provenance Investigation of Early Formative Mesoamerican Ceramics. Latin American Antiquity 17:104118.

Wesley D. Stoner , Christopher A. Pool , Hector Neff and Michael Glasscock 2008 Exchange of Coarse Orange Pottery in the Middle Classic Tuxtla Mountains, Southern Veracruz, Mexico. Journal of Archaeological Science 35:14121426.

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Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ISSN: 0956-5361
  • EISSN: 1469-1787
  • URL: /core/journals/ancient-mesoamerica
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