Skip to main content
×
Home

Does a new transportation system increase the risk of importing non-native species to Antarctica?

  • Megumu Tsujimoto (a1) (a2) and Satoshi Imura (a1) (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems are not immune to the threat of biological invasions, and the urgent need for implementation of effective mitigation measures to minimize the risk has been highlighted. Recently, the transportation and logistic support system of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition has undergone substantial changes after the relocation of the cargo handling facility and the commissioning of a new icebreaker in 2009. The potential risk of introducing non-native species into Antarctica through the newly adopted cargo transportation system in comparison with the previously existing system was determined by quantifying both changes in the form of cargo transported and the frequency of propagule attachment on different types of cargo item. We obtained 1022 propagules of at least 26 species, including species known to have resistance to the stresses of cold environments. Larger numbers of propagules, and a greater proportion of affected cargo items, were encountered in the newly adopted transportation system than in its predecessor. The increased risks in the new system were identified as being associated with the major cargo packing type and the cargo storage location. Based upon those findings, we propose appropriate preventative measures in order to minimize the risk of transfer of non-native species into Antarctica.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Does a new transportation system increase the risk of importing non-native species to Antarctica?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Does a new transportation system increase the risk of importing non-native species to Antarctica?
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Does a new transportation system increase the risk of importing non-native species to Antarctica?
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
tsujimoto@nipr.ac.jp
References
Hide All
Chown S.L., Gremmen N.J.M.Gaston K.J. 1998. Ecological biogeography of Southern Ocean islands: species-area relationships, human impacts, and conservation. American Naturalist, 152, 562575.
Convey P. 2006. Antarctic climate change and its influence on terrestrial ecosystems. In Bergstrom, D.M., Convey, P. & Huiskes, A.H.L., eds. Trends in Antarctic terrestrial and limnetic ecosystems: Antarctica as a global indicator. Dordrecht: Springer, 253272.
Convey P. 2007. Antarctic ecosystems. In Levin, S.A., ed. Encyclopedia of biodiversity, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Elsevier, 10.1016/B0-12-226865-2/00014-6.
Ehara S.ed. 1980. Illustrations of the mites and ticks of Japan. Tokyo: Zenkoku Noson Kyoiku Kyokai, 562 pp. [In Japanese].
Frenot Y., Chown S.L., Whinam J., Selkirk P.M., Convey P., Skotnicki M.Bergstrom D.M. 2005. Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biology Reviews, 80, 4572.
Gremmen N.M.J., Chown S.L.Marshall D.J. 1998. Impact of the introduced grass Agrostis stolonifera on vegetation and soil fauna communities at Marion Island, sub-Antarctic. Biological Conservation, 85, 223231.
Hughes K.A., Convey P., Maslen N.R.Smith R.I.L. 2010. Accidental transfer of non-native soil organisms into Antarctica on construction vehicles. Biological Invasions, 12, 875891.
Hughes K.A., Lee J.E., Tsujimoto M., Imura S., Bergstrom D.M., Ware C., Lebouvier M., Huiskes A.H.L., Gremmen N.J.M., Frenot Y., Bridge P.D.Chown S.L. 2011. Food for thought: risks of non-native species transfer to the Antarctic region with fresh produce. Biological Conservation, 144, 16821689.
Hulme P.E. 2009. Trade, transport and trouble: managing invasive species pathways in an era of globalization. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 1018.
IAATO (International Association Of Antarctica Tour Operators). 2011. Boot, clothing and equipment decontamination guidelines for small boat operations. http://iaato.org/decontamination-guidelines.
ISSG (Invasive Species Specialist Group). 2011. Global invasive species database. http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/.
Iwatsuki Z.Mizutani M. 1978. Coloured illustrations of bryophytes of Japan. Osaka: Hoikusha, 405 pp. [In Japanese].
Kanda H., Ohtani S.Imura S. 2002. Plant communities at Dronning Maud Land. In Beyer, L. & Bölter, M., eds. Geoecology of Antarctic ice-free coastal landscapes (Ecological Studies, 154). Berlin: Springer, 249264.
Kitamura S.Murata G. 1961. Coloured illustrations of herbaceous plants of Japan (Choripetalae). Osaka: Hoikusha, 390 pp. [In Japanese].
Kitamura S., Murata G.Hori M. 1957. Coloured illustrations of herbaceous plants of Japan (Sympetalae). Osaka: Hoikusha, 297 pp. [In Japanese].
Kitamura S., Murata G.Koyama T. 1964. Coloured illustrations of herbaceous plants of Japan (Monocotyledoneae). Osaka: Hoikusha, 464 pp. [In Japanese].
Koba H., Ibaragi Y.Katsuyama T. 2011. The handbook of common grasses. Tokyo: Bun-ichi Sogo Shuppan, 146 pp. [In Japanese].
Lee J.E.Chown S.L. 2009a. Breaching the dispersal barrier to invasion: quantification and management. Ecological Applications, 19, 19441959.
Lee J.E.Chown S.L. 2009b. Quantifying the propagule load associated with the construction of an Antarctic research station. Antarctic Science, 21, 471475.
Lockwood J.L., Cassey P.Blackburn T.M. 2005. The role of propagule pressure in explaining species invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20, 223228.
Lynch H.J., Crosbie K., Fagan W.F.Naveen R. 2010. Spatial patterns of tour ship traffic in the Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Science, 22, 123130.
Mack R.N., Simberloff D., Lonsdale W.M., Evans H., Clout M.Bazzaz F.A. 2000. Biotic invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecological Applications, 10, 689710.
McKinney M.L.Lockwood J. 1999. Biotic homogenization: a few winners replacing many losers in the next mass extinction. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 450453.
Nakayama S., Inokuchi M.Minamitani T. 2000. Seeds of wild plants in Japan. Sendai: Tohoku University Press, 642 pp. [In Japanese].
Olech M.Chwedorzewska J.K. 2011. The first appearance and establishment of an alien vascular plant in natural habitats on the forefield of a retreating glacier in Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 23, 153154.
Osada T. 1976. Coloured illustrations of naturalized plants of Japan. Osaka: Hoikusha, 425 pp. [In Japanese].
Osada T. 1989. Illustrated grasses of Japan. Tokyo: Heibonsha, 780 pp. [In Japanese].
Polunin N. 1959. Circumpolar Arctic flora. London: Oxford University Press, 514 pp.
Potter S. 2006. The quarantine management of Australia's Antarctic Program. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management, 13, 185195.
Potter S. 2009. Protecting Antarctica from non-native species: the imperatives and the impediments. In Alfredsson, G. & Koivurova, T.,eds., Leary, D.,sp. ed. The Yearbook of Polar Law. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill Academic, 1, 383400.
Puth L.M.Post D.M. 2005. Studying invasion: have we missed the boat? Ecology Letters, 8, 715721.
Shimizu N., Morita H.Hirota S. 2001. Nihon kika shokubutsu shashin Zukan [Photo guide of 600 plant invaders in Japan]. Tokyo: Zenkoku Nouson Kyoiku Kyokai, 553 pp. [In Japanese].
Smith R.I.L. 1984. Terrestrial plant biology of the sub-Antarctic and Antarctic. In Laws, R.M.,ed., Antarctic ecology, vol. 1. London: Academic Press, 61162.
Smith R.I.Richardson M. 2011. Fuegian plants in Antarctica: natural or anthropogenically assisted immigrants? Biological Invasions, 13, 15.
Tin T., Fleming Z.L., Hughes K.A., Ainley D.G., Convey P., Moreno C.A., Pfeiffer S., Scott J.Snape I. 2009. Impacts of local human activities on the Antarctic environment. Antarctic Science, 21, 333.
Turner J., Bindschadler R., Convey P., Di Prisco G., Fahrbach E., Gutt J., Hodgson D., Mayewski P.Summerhayes C., eds. 2009. Antarctic climate change and the environment. Cambridge: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, 526 pp.
Tyge W.B., Kjeld H.Knud J. 1968. The flora of Greenland. Copenhagen: P. Hasse & Son, 312 pp.
Uemura S., Katsuyama T., Shimizu N., Mizuta M., Morita H., Hirota S.Ikehara N. 2010. Nihon kika shokubutsu shashin Zukan, 2 [Photo guide of 500 plant invaders in Japan]. Tokyo: Zenkoku Nouson Kyoiku Kyokai, 579 pp. [In Japanese].
United Kingdom. 2009. Procedures for vehicle cleaning to prevent transfer of non-native species into and around Antarctica. Working Paper 32, XXXII Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, 6–17 April 2009, Baltimore, USA.
Walther G.R., Post E., Convey P., Menel A., Parmesan C., Beebee T.J.C., Fromentin J.M., Hoegh-Guldberg O.Bairlein F. 2002. Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389395.
Whinam J., Chilcott N.Bergstrom D.M. 2005. Sub-Antarctic hitchhikers: expeditioners as vectors for the introduction of alien organisms. Biological Conservation, 121, 207219.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 44 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 102 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.