Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Early life history of the ocellated icefish, Chionodraco rastrospinosus, off the Antarctic Peninsula

  • Mario La Mesa (a1), Barbara Catalano (a2) and Christopher D. Jones (a3)
Abstract

Age, growth and feeding habits of early life stages of Chionodraco rastrospinosus Dewitt & Hureau, the most abundant channichthyid in the larval fish assemblages of the Bransfield Strait, were studied by otolith microincrement counts and stomach content analyses. Individuals measuring 39–69 mm standard length were caught in the uppermost depth strata down to 300 m from Brabant to Joinville islands along the northern Antarctic Peninsula. The sample consisted of post-larvae and juveniles aged 105–211 days, with a mean growth rate of 0.25 mm day-1. Larval size at hatching was estimated to be c. 17.2 mm. Hatching was spread over a relatively long period from August–November. Sagittal otoliths were characterized by a strong check located at 23–52 microincrements of distance from the core, tentatively associated with the onset of first exogenous feeding. The relatively long period during which larvae can rely on yolk reserves and the large size at hatching enable them to utilize a wide size range of prey, as well as cope with occasional food shortages. The stomach contents consisted exclusively of euphausiids (furcilia and adults) and larvae of Pleuragramma antarcticum Boulenger. Based on growth rate, the residence time in pelagic waters of juvenile C. rastrospinosus was estimated to be about a year and a half.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Early life history of the ocellated icefish, Chionodraco rastrospinosus, off the Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Early life history of the ocellated icefish, Chionodraco rastrospinosus, off the Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Early life history of the ocellated icefish, Chionodraco rastrospinosus, off the Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
m.lamesa@ismar.cnr.it
References
Hide All
Ashford, J., La Mesa, M., Fach, B.A., Jones, C.Everson, I. 2010. Testing early life connectivity using otolith chemistry and particle-tracking simulations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 67, 13031315.
Beamish, R.J.Fournier, D.A. 1981. A method of comparing the precision of a set of age determinations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 38, 982983.
Campana, S.E. 2001. Accuracy, precision and quality control in age determination, including a review of the use and abuse of age validation methods. Journal of Fish Biology, 59, 197242.
Campana, S.E.Jones, C. 1992. Analysis of otolith microstructure data. In Stevenson, D.K.&Campana, S.E.,eds. Otolith microstructure examination and analysis. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 117, 73–100.
Capella, J.E., Ross, R.M., Quetin, L.B.Hofmann, E.E. 1992. A note on the thermal structure of the upper ocean in the Bransfield Strait-South Shetland Islands region. Deep-Sea Research I, 39, 12211229.
Chang, W.Y.B. 1982. A statistical method for evaluating the reproducibility of age determination. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 39, 12081210.
Fach, B.A.Klinck, J.M. 2006. Transport of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) across the Scotia Sea. Part I. Circulation and particle tracking simulations. Deep-Sea Research I, 53, 9871010.
Galarza, J.A., Carreras-Carbonell, J., MacPherson, E., Pascual, M., Roques, S., Turner, G.F.Rico, C. 2009. The influence of oceanographic fronts and early-life-history traits on connectivity among littoral fish species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 14731478.
Garcia, M.A., Castro, C.G., Rios, A.F., Doval, M.D., Roson, G., Gomis, D.Lopez, O. 2002. Water masses and distribution of physico-chemical properties in the western Bransfield Strait and Gerlache Strait during austral summer 1995/96. Deep Sea Research II, 49, 585602.
Gubsch, G. 1982. Zur Verbreitung und zur Biologie der Eisfische (Chaenichthyidae) im atlantischen Sektor der Antarktis. Fischerei-Forschung, 20, 3947.
Hofmann, E.E., Klinck, J.M., Lascara, C.M.Smith, D.A. 1996. Water mass distribution and circulation west of the Antarctic Peninsula and including Bransfield Strait. Antarctic Research Series, 70, 6180.
Hyslop, E.J. 1980. Stomach contents analysis - a review of methods and their application. Journal of Fish Biology, 17, 411429.
Kellermann, A. 1986. On the biology of early life stages of notothenioid fishes (Pisces) off the Antarctic Peninsula. Berichte zur Polarforschung, 31, 1149.
Kellermann, A. 1989a. The larval fish community in the zone of seasonal ice cover and its seasonal and interannual variability. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft, 39, 89109.
Kellermann, A. 1989b. Food and feeding of early stage Chionodraco rastrospinosus DeWitt & Hureau 1979 (Pisces; Notothenioidei) off the Antarctic Peninsula. Pesquesa Antartica Brasiliana, 1, 2530.
Kellermann, A. 1990. Catalogue of early life stages of Antarctic notothenioid fish. Berichte zur Polarforschung, 67, 45136.
Kellermann, A.Kock, K.H. 1984. Post-larval and juvenile notothenioids (Pisces, Perciformes) in the southern Scotia Sea and northern Weddell Sea during FIBEX 1981. Meeresforschung, 30, 8293.
Kellermann, A.Kock, K.H. 1988. Patterns of spatial and temporal distribution and their variation in early life stages of Antarctic fish in the Antarctic Peninsula region. In Sahrhage, D.,ed. Southern Ocean and resources variability. Berlin: Springer, 147159.
Kellermann, A.Schadwinkel, S. 1991. Winter aspects of the ichthyoplankton community in Antarctic Peninsula waters. Polar Biology, 11, 117127.
Kellermann, A.K., Gauldie, R.W.Ruzicka, J.J. 2002. Otolith microincrements in the Antarctic fishes Notothenia coriiceps and Pseudochaenichthys georgianus. Polar Biology, 25, 799807.
Kock, K.H. 1989. Reproduction in Antarctic fish around Elephant Island. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft, 39, 171210.
Kock, K.H. 2005. Antarctic icefishes (Channichthyidae): a unique family of fishes. A review, Part I. Polar Biology, 28, 862895.
Kock, K.H.Jones, C.D. 2005. Fish stocks in the Southern Scotia Arc region - a review and prospects for future research. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 13, 75108.
Kock, K.H.Kellermann, A. 1991. Reproduction in Antarctic notothenioid fish. Antarctic Science, 3, 125150.
Kock, K.H., Jones, C.D.Wilhelms, S. 2000. Biological characteristics of Antarctic fish stocks in the southern Scotia Arc region. CCAMLR Science, 7, 142.
La Mesa, M.Ashford, J. 2008. Age and early life history of juvenile Scotia Sea icefish, Chaenocephalus aceratus, from Elephant and the South Shetland islands. Polar Biology, 31, 221228.
Loeb, V., Kellermann, A., Koubbi, P., North, A.W.White, M.G. 1993. Antarctic larval fish assemblages: a review. Bulletin of Marine Science, 53, 416449.
Morales-Nin, B., Palomera, I.Schadwinkel, S. 1995. Larval fish distribution and abundance in the Antarctic Peninsula region and adjacent waters. Polar Biology, 15, 143154.
Morley, S.A., Belchier, M., Dickson, J.Mulvey, T. 2005. Daily otolith increment validation in larval mackerel icefish, Champsocephalus gunnari. Fisheries Research, 75, 200203.
Orsi, A.H., Whitworth, T. Nowlin Jr, W.D. 1995. On the meridional extent and fronts of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Deep-Sea Research I, 42, 641673.
Papetti, C., Susana, E., Patarnello, T.Zane, L. 2009. Spatial and temporal boundaries to gene flow between Chaenocephalus aceratus populations at South Orkney and South Shetland Islands. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 376, 269281.
Papetti, C., Pujolar, J.M., Mezzavilla, M., La Mesa, M., Rock, J., Zane, L.Patarnello, T. 2012. Population genetic structure and gene flow patterns between populations of the Antarctic icefish Chionodraco rastrospinosus. Journal of Biogeography, 39, 13611372.
Radtke, R.L.Kellermann, A. 1991. Microstructural analysis of growth patterns in the early life history of Antarctic fishes. In Di Prisco, G., Maresca, B.&Tota, B., eds. Biology of Antarctic fish. Berlin: Springer, 101115.
Sinque, C., Koblitz, S.Costa, L.M. 1986. Ichthyoplankton of Bransfield Strait - Antarctica. Neritica, 1, 91102.
Slosarczyk, W. 1987. Contribution to the early life history of Channichthyid from the Bransfield Strait and South Georgia (Antarctica). In Kullander, S.O.&Fernholm, B., eds. Proceedings of Fifth Congress of the European Ichthyological Society. Stockholm: Swedish Museum of Natural History, 427433.
Slosarczyk, W.Rembiszewski, J.M. 1982. The occurrence of juvenile Notothenioidei (Pisces) within krill concentrations in the region of the Bransfield Strait and the southern Drake Passage. Polish Polar Research, 3, 299312.
Smith, D.A., Hofmann, E.E., Klinck, J.M.Lascara, C.M. 1999. Hydrography and circulation of the west Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf. Deep Sea Research I, 46, 925949.
Stein, M. 1989. Seasonal variation of water masses in Bransfield Strait and adjacent waters. Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft, 39, 1538.
Thompson, A.F., Heywood, K.J., Thorpe, S.E.Trasviña, A. 2009. Surface circulation at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula from drifters. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39, 226.
Vanella, F.A., Calvo, J., Morriconi, E.R.Aureliano, D.R. 2005. Somatic energy content and histological analysis of the gonads in Antarctic fish from the Scotia Arc. Scientia Marina, 69, 305316.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed