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The Construction of Northumberland House and the Patronage of its Original Builder, Lord Henry Howard, 1603–14

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 May 2010

Manolo Guerci*
Affiliation:
Manolo Guerci, Kent School of Architecture, University of Kent, Marlowe Building, Canterbury CT2 7NR, UK. E-mail: m.guerci@kent.ac.uk

Abstract

This paper affords a complete analysis of the construction of the original Northampton (later Northumberland) House in the Strand (demolished in 1874), which has never been fully investigated. It begins with an examination of the little-known architectural patronage of its builder, Lord Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton from 1603, one of the most interesting figures of the early Stuart era. With reference to the building of the contemporary Salisbury House by Sir Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, the only other Strand palace to be built in the early seventeenth century, textual and visual evidence are closely investigated. A rediscovered elevational drawing of the original front of Northampton House is also discussed. By associating it with other sources, such as the first inventory of the house (transcribed in the Appendix), the inside and outside of Northampton House as Henry Howard left it in 1614 are re-configured for the first time.

Résumé

Cet article offre une analyse complète de la construction de l’Hôtel de Northampton (par la suite Hôtel de Northumberland) située dans le Strand (et démolie en 1874), qui n’a jamais fait l’objet d’une enquête approfondie. Il commence par un examen du patronage architectural très peu connu de son bâtisseur, lord Henry Howard, premier comte de Northampton à partir de 1603, et l’un des personnages les plus intéressants du début de l’ère Stuart. Faisant référence à la construction de l’Hôtel de Salisbury, qui est contemporaine, et qui est le seul autre palais dans le Strand construit au début du dix-septième siècle par Sir Robert Cecil, premier comte de Salisbury, les indices visuels et textuels sont étudiés de près. Un dessin de l’élévation de la façade d’origine de l’Hôtel de Northampton est analysé pour la première fois. En l’associant à d’autres sources, comme le premier inventaire du palais transcrit dans l’annexe, l’intérieur et l’extérieur de l’Hôtel de Northampton, telle qu’il a été laissé par Henry Howard en 1614, sont reconfigurés pour la première fois.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Beitrag analysiert die Baugeschichte von Northampton House (später Northumberland House) am Strand in London (abgerissen 1874), die bisher nie vollständig studiert worden war. Er beginnt mit einer Untersuchung der wenig bekannten Bauherrentätigkeit von Henry Howard, ab 1603 1st Earl of Northampton, einer der interessantesten Persönlichkeiten der frühen Stuart-Zeit. Zeugnisse in Texten und Bildern werden detailliert ausgewertet, auch im Bezug den gleichzeitigen Bau von Salisbury House, dem einzigen anderen Stadtpalast am Strand aus der ersten Hälfte des 17. Jahrhundert, durch Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury. Ein wiederentdeckter Aufriß der originalen Fassade von Salisbury House und andere Quellen, so das erste Inventar des Hauses (im Anhang enthalten) erlauben es, zum ersten Mal das Innere und Äußere von Northampton House, wie Henry Howard es im Jahr 1614 verließ, zu rekonstruieren.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Society of Antiquaries of London 2010

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