Abramowitz Alan I., Rapoport Ronald B.
Stone Walter J.. 1991. Up Close and Personal: The 1988 Iowa Caucuses and Presidential Politics. Pp. 42–71 in Nominating the President, edited by Emmett H. Buell, Jr., and Lee Sigelman. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.
Abramowitz Alan I.
Stone Walter J.. 1984. Nomination Politics: Party Activists and Presidential Choice. New York: Praeger.
Persily Nathaniel. 2008. Vote Fraud in the Eye of the Beholder: The Role of Public Opinion in the Challenge to Voter Identification Requirements. Harvard Law Review
Gelman Andrew. 2008. Partisans without Constraint: Political Polarization and Trends in American Public Opinion. American Journal of Sociology
Cameron Charles. 2000. Veto Bargaining: Presidents and the Politics of Negative Power. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Converse Philip E. 1964. The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics. Pp. 206–261 in Ideology and Discontent, edited by David Apter. New York: The Free Press.
McCubbins Mathew. 2005. Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
IIIJackson John S.. 1985. Presidential Primaries and Nominations. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press.
Fiorina Morris P., Abrams Samuel J.
Pope Jeremy C.. 2006. Culture War? The Myth of a Polarized America. New York: Longman.
Geer John G. 1988. Assessing the Representativeness of Electorates in Presidential Primaries. American Journal of Political Science
Gerber Alan S.
Green Donald P.. 2000. The Effects of Canvassing, Telephone Calls, and Direct Mail on Voter Turnout: A Field Experiment. American Political Science Review
Gurian Paul-Henri. 1993. Primaries versus Caucuses: Strategic Considerations of Presidential Candidates. Social Science Quarterly
Thompson Dennis. 2004. Why Deliberative Democracy?. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Hersh Eitan. 2012. Primary Voters versus Caucus Goers and the Peripheral Motivations of Political Participation. Political Behavior
Hibbing John R.
Theiss-Morse Elizabeth. 2002. Stealth Democracy: Americans’ Beliefs about How Government Should Work. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Highton Benjamin. 1997. Easy Registration and Voter Turnout. Journal of Politics
Hill Kim Quaile
Leighley Jan E.. 1993. Party Ideology, Organization, and Competitiveness as Mobilizing Forces in Gubernatorial Elections. American Journal of Political Science
Hill Seth, Ho James, Vavreck Lynn, Zaller John. 2007. The Opt-in Internet Panel: Survey Mode, Sampling Methodology and the Implications for Political Research. Manuscript: UCLA.
Karpowitz Christopher F., Raphael Chad
IVHammond Allen S.. 2009. Deliberative Democracy and Inequality: Two Cheers for Enclave Deliberation among the Disempowered. Politics & Society
Kaufmann Karen M., Gimpel James G.
Hoffman Adam H.. 2003. A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and Representation. Journal of Politics
Zukin Cliff. 1983. Uninformed Choice: Failure of the New Presidential Nominating System. New York: Praeger.
1956. American State Politics: An Introduction. New York: Knopf.
Lengle James I. 1981. Representation and Presidential Primaries: The Democratic Party in the Post-Reform Era. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
Levendusky Matthew. 2010. The Partisan Sort: How Liberals Became Democrats and Conservatives Became Republicans. Ann Arbor: University of Chicago Press.
Lind E. Allen
Tyler Tom R.
1988. The Social Psychology of Procedural Justice. New York: Plenum.
Macedo Stephen, et al. 2005. Democracy at Risk: How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do About It. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
Mansbridge Jane J. 1983. Beyond Adversary Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Marshall Thomas R.
1978. Turnout and Representation: Caucuses versus Primaries. American Journal of Political Science
Mayer William G.
1996. Caucuses: How They Work: What Difference They Make. Pp. 108–118 in In Pursuit of the White House, edited by William G. Mayer. Chatham, N.J.: Chatham House.
Mutz Diana C. 2006. Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative Versus Participatory Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Norrander Barbara. 1989. Ideological Representativeness of Presidential Primary Voters. American Journal of Political Science
Norrander Barbara. 1993. Nomination Choices: Caucus and Primary Outcomes, 1976–1988. American Journal of Political Science
Norrander Barabara. 1996. Field Essay: Presidential Nomination Politics in the Post-Reform Era. Political Research Quarterly
Panagopoulos Costas. 2010. Are Caucuses Bad for Democracy?
Political Science Quarterly
Parent T. Wayne., Jillson Calvin C.
Weber Ronald E.. 1987. Voting Outcomes in the 1984 Democratic Party Primaries and Caucuses. American Political Science Review
Cloward Richard. 1988. Why Americans Don't Vote. New York: Pantheon.
Polsby Nelson W. 1983. The Consequences of Party Reform. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ranney Austin. 1972. Turnout and Representation in Presidential Primary Elections. American Political Science Review
Rapoport Ronald B., Stone Walter J.
Abramowitz Alan I.. 1990. Sex and the Caucus Participant: The Gender Gap and Presidential Nominations. American Journal of Political Science
Redlawsk David, Bowen Daniel
Tolbert Caroline. 2008. Comparing Caucus and Registered Voter Support for the 2008 Presidential Candidates in Iowa. PS: Political Science & Politics
Hansen John Mark. 1993. Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in America. New York: Macmillan.
Schattschneider E.E. 1960. The Semisovereign People. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Serra Gilles. 2011. Why Primaries? The Party's Tradeoff between Policy and Valence. Journal of Theoretical Politics
Shafer Byron E.
Wichowsky Amber. 2009. Institutional Structure and Democratic Values: A Research Note on a Natural Experiment. The Forum
7 (2) Article 2. Available from http://www.bepress.com/forum/vol7/iss2/art2/. Last accessed August 15, 2013.
Shepsle Kenneth. 1994. Positive Theories of Congressional Institutions. Legislative Studies Quarterly
Southwell Priscilla L. 2012. A Backroom without the Smoke? Superdelegates and the 2008 Democratic Nomination Process. Party Politics
Stone Walter J. 1982. Party, Ideology, and the Lure of Victory: Iowa Activists in the 1980 Prenomination Campaign. Western Political Quarterly
Stone Walter J.
Abramowitz Alan I.. 1983. Winning May Not Be Everything, but It's More Than We Thought: Presidential Party Activists in 1980. American Political Science Review
Stone Walter J., Abramowitz Alan I.
Rapoport Ronald B.. 1989. How Representative Are the Iowa Caucuses? Pp. 19–49 in The Iowa Caucuses and the Presidential Nominating Process, edited by Peverill Squire. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.
Stone Walter J.
Rapoport Ronald B.. 1994. Candidate Perception among Nomination Activists: A New Look at the Moderation Hypothesis. Journal of Politics
Walker Laurens. 1975. Procedural Justice: A Psychological Analysis. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
Tyler Tom R. 1988. What Is Procedural Justice? Criteria Used by Citizens to Assess the Fairness of Legal Procedures. Law and Society Review
Tyler Tom R. 1989. The Psychology of Procedural Justice: A Test of the Group Value Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Tyler Tom R. 2000. Social Justice: Outcome and Procedure. International Journal of Psychology
Tyler Tom R., Rasinski Kenneth
Spodick Nancy. 1985. The Influence of Voice on Satisfaction with Leaders: Exploring the Meaning of Process Control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Vavreck Lynn, Rivers Douglas. 2007, The 2006 Cooperative Congressional Election Study. Manuscript: Palo Alto, Calif. YouGov/Polimetrix.
Nie Norman. 1972. Participation in America: Political Democracy and Social Equality. New York: Harper & Row.
Verba Sidney, Schlozman Kay
1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Volunteerism in American Politics. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Rosenstone Steven. 1980. Who Votes?
New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.