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The developmental periods of the Ixodid tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neum. under laboratory conditions

  • Denis Branagan (a1)
Abstract

A study, begun in 1966 at Edinburgh University, and completed during the ensuing 30 months at Muguga, Kenya, of the developmental periods of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neum. under controlled temperature and humidity was carried out to provide basic background information for an intensified FAO/EAVRO programme of East Coast fever research. Quantitative data are given on the preoviposition, pre-eclosion and, for larvae and nymphs, premoulting periods at three constant temperatures, 25, 21 and 18°C. The rate of development at all stages was accelerated by raising the temperature and retarded by lowering it. A “pre-immobilization period” which precedes the entry of engorged larvae and nymphs to the true moulting process also appeared to be temperature dependent. Development became very prolonged as temperatures fell below 18°C, being negligible at 15°C and having apparently ceased altogether at 9°C. Continuous exposure for more than two or three days to temperatures of 4°C and below were lethal to all engorged instars. Humidity (controlled at levels between 18 and 87% r.h.) had no influence on the rate of development. It is concluded that within limits of tolerable aridity, developmental periods would be completed within the times dictated by temperature regardless of the level of humidity or changes in the level of humidity. No suggestion of any diapause mechanism was discerned.

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References
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Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
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