Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 29
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cvrković, Tatjana Chetverikov, Philipp Vidović, Biljana and Petanović, Radmila 2016. Cryptic speciation within Phytoptus avellanae s.l. (Eriophyoidea: Phytoptidae) revealed by molecular data and observations on molting Tegonotus-like nymphs. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 68, Issue. 1, p. 83.

    Stålstedt, Jeanette Wohltmann, Andreas Bergsten, Johannes and Mąkol, Joanna 2016. Towards resolving the double classification in Erythraeus (Actinotrichida: Erythraeidae): matching larvae with adults using 28S sequence data and experimental rearing. Organisms Diversity & Evolution,

    Yang, Xiaoqiang Ye, Qingtian Xin, Tianrong Zou, Zhiwen and Xia, Bin 2016. Population genetic structure of Cheyletus malaccensis (Acari: Cheyletidae) in China based on mitochondrial COI and 12S rRNA genes. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 69, Issue. 2, p. 117.

    Alemandri, Vanina Truol, Graciela de Mendonça, Renata S. and Navia, Denise 2015. Eriophyid mites in the genusAculodesKeifer (Prostigmata: Eriophyidae) from grasses – the first taxon from South America and world species information. International Journal of Acarology, Vol. 41, Issue. 5, p. 429.

    Chetverikov, P. E. Cvrković, T. Makunin, A. Sukhareva, S. Vidović, B. and Petanović, R. 2015. Basal divergence of Eriophyoidea (Acariformes, Eupodina) inferred from combined partial COI and 28S gene sequences and CLSM genital anatomy. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 67, Issue. 2, p. 219.

    Guo, Jing-Feng Li, Hao-Sen Wang, Bing Xue, Xiao-Feng and Hong, Xiao-Yue 2015. DNA barcoding reveals the protogyne and deutogyne of Tegolophus celtis sp. nov. (Acari: Eriophyidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 67, Issue. 3, p. 393.

    Navia, Denise Ferreira, Cecília B. S. Reis, Aleuny C. and Gondim, Manoel G. C. 2015. Traditional and geometric morphometrics supporting the differentiation of two new Retracrus (Phytoptidae) species associated with heliconias. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 67, Issue. 1, p. 87.

    Skoracka, Anna Magalhães, Sara Rector, Brian G. and Kuczyński, Lechosław 2015. Cryptic speciation in the Acari: a function of species lifestyles or our ability to separate species?. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 67, Issue. 2, p. 165.

    Szydło, W. Hein, G. Denizhan, E. and Skoracka, A. 2015. Exceptionally High Levels of Genetic Diversity in Wheat Curl Mite (Acari: Eriophyidae) Populations from Turkey. Journal of Economic Entomology, Vol. 108, Issue. 4, p. 2030.

    Tahir, Hafiz Muhammad Mehwish, Kanwal, Nailla Butt, Abida Khan, Shafaat Yar and Yaqub, Atif 2015. Genetic diversity in cytochrome c oxidase I gene ofAnophelesmosquitoes. Mitochondrial DNA, p. 1.

    Vidović, Biljana Cvrković, Tatjana Marić, Ivana Chetverikov, Philipp E. Cristofaro, Massimo Rector, Brian G. and Petanović, Radmila 2015. A NewMetaculusSpecies (Acari: Eriophyoidea) onDiplotaxis tenuifolia(Brassicaceae) From Serbia: A Combined Description Using Morphology and DNA Barcode Data. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Vol. 108, Issue. 5, p. 922.

    Wang, Zheng-Hang Zhao, Ya-E. Xu, Yang Hu, Li and Chen, Yi-Meng 2015. Secondary structure of expansion segment D1 in LSU rDNA from Arachnida and its phylogenetic application in Eriophyoid mites and in Acari. Experimental Parasitology, Vol. 159, p. 183.

    Bouneb, Mabrouk de Lillo, Enrico Roversi, Pio Federico and Simoni, Sauro 2014. Molecular detection assay of the bud mite Trisetacus juniperinus on Cupressus sempervirens in nurseries of central Italy. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 62, Issue. 2, p. 161.

    Chetverikov, Philipp E. 2014. Comparative confocal microscopy of internal genitalia of phytoptine mites (Eriophyoidea, Phytoptidae): new generic diagnoses reflecting host-plant associations. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 62, Issue. 2, p. 129.

    Lewandowski, Mariusz Skoracka, Anna Szydło, Wiktoria Kozak, Marcin Druciarek, Tobiasz and Griffiths, Don A. 2014. Genetic and morphological diversity of Trisetacus species (Eriophyoidea: Phytoptidae) associated with coniferous trees in Poland: phylogeny, barcoding, host and habitat specialization. Experimental and Applied Acarology, Vol. 63, Issue. 4, p. 497.

    Li, Hao-Sen Xue, Xiao-Feng and Hong, Xiao-Yue 2014. Homoplastic evolution and host association of Eriophyoidea (Acari, Prostigmata) conflict with the morphological-based taxonomic system. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 78, p. 185.

    Lienhard, Andrea Schäffer, Sylvia Krisper, Günther and Sturmbauer, Christian 2014. Reverse evolution and cryptic diversity in putative sister families of the Oribatida (Acari). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Vol. 52, Issue. 1, p. 86.

    Mohankumar, S. Balakrishnan, N. and Samiyappan, R. 2014. Integrated Pest Management.

    Skoracka, Anna Kuczyński, Lechosław Rector, Brian and Amrine, James W. 2014. Wheat curl mite and dry bulb mite: untangling a taxonomic conundrum through a multidisciplinary approach. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 111, Issue. 2, p. 421.

    Skoracka, A. Rector, B. Kuczyński, L. Szydło, W. Hein, G. and French, R. 2014. Global spread of wheat curl mite by its most polyphagous and pestiferous lineages. Annals of Applied Biology, Vol. 165, Issue. 2, p. 222.


The cereal rust mite Abacarus hystrix (Acari: Eriophyoidea) is a complex of species: evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences

  • A. Skoracka (a1) and M. Dabert (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 12 August 2009

The cereal rust mite Abacarus hystrix (Nalepa), a significant pest of grasses, has been regarded as one of a few exceptions among eriophyoid mites with reference to the pattern of host plant utilization. At least 60 grass species have been recorded as its hosts. Thus, the mite has long been considered as a host generalist in which host specialization would not be likely to evolve. However, recent studies have revealed that host-associated specialization is possible in A. hystrix. Here, we aimed to discriminate between the three populations of A. hystrix associated with the different hosts (namely quackgrass, ryegrass and smooth brome) on the basis of mitochondrial (COI) and nuclear (D2 region of 28S rDNA) DNA sequences. The phylogenetic trees obtained with the maximum likelihood analysis of both COI and D2 region data sets showed that host-adapted strains of A. hystrix form distinct clades. Furthermore, on the COI nucleotide tree, the quackgrass- and brome-associated strains were internally divided each into two well-supported monophyletic clusters. The nucleotide D2 region data set tree showed that brome-associated strain is polyphyletic in origin. There is clear co-variation of DNA results with earlier morphological and ecological traits, as well as the results of crossing experiments. We showed that reproductively incompatible strains of A. hystrix exhibit more than 20% sequence divergence in the COI gene and 0.2% sequence divergence in the D2 28S rDNA. Our results did not confirm the placement of three host-associated strains of A. hystrix within one, ostensibly generalist, species.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence Fax: +48 61 8295663 E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

W.G. Abrahamson , M.D. Eubanks , C.P. Blair & A.V. Whiipple (2001) Gall flies, inquilines, and goldenrods: a model for host-race formation and sympatric speciation. American Zoologist 41, 928938.

F. Abascal , R. Zardoya & D. Posada (2005) ProtTest: Selection of best-fit models of protein evolution. Bioinformatics 21, 21042105.

D.L. Anderson & M.J. Morgan (2007) Genetic and morphological variation of bee-parasitic Tropilaelaps mites (Acari: Laelapidae): new and re-defined species. Experimental and Applied Acarology 43, 124.

R.D.H. Barrett & P.D.N. Hebert (2005) Identifying spiders through DNA barcoding. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83, 481489.

C.P. Blair , W.G. Abrahamson , J.A. Jackman & L. Tyrrell (2005) Cryptic speciation and host-race formation in a purportedly generalist tumbling flower beetle. Evolution 59, 304316.

G.L. Bush (1969) Sympatric host race formation and speciation in frugivorous flies of the genus Rhagoletis (Diptera, Tephritidae). Evolution 23, 237251.

A.R. Clarke & G.H. Walter (1995) ‘Strains’ and the classical biological control of insect pests. Canadian Journal of Zoology 73, 17771790.

S.R. Diehl & G.L. Bush (1984) An evolutionary and applied perspective of insect biotypes. Annual Review of Entomology 29, 471504.

B.J. Downes (1990) Host-induced morphology in mites: implications for host-parasite coevolution. Systematic Zoology 39, 162168.

M. Drés & J. Mallet (2002) Host races in plant-feeding insects and their importance in sympatric speciation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 357, 471492.

D.D. Edwards & M. Labhart (2000) Genetic differences among host-associated populations of water mites (Acari: Unionicolidae: Unionicola): allozyme variation supports morphological differentiation. The Journal of Parasitology 86, 10081011.

I. Emelianov , F. Marec & J. Mallet (2004) Genomic evidence for divergence with gene flow in host races of the larch budmoth. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 271, 97–105.

J. Ferrari , H.C.J. Godfray , A.S. Faulconbridge , K. Prior & S. Via (2006) Population differentiation and genetic variation in host choice among pea aphids from eight host plant genera. Evolution 60, 15741584.

S. Harrison (1991) Local extinction in a metapopulation context: an empirical evaluation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 42, 7388.

A. Hassanin (2006) Phylogeny of Arthropoda inferred from mitochondrial sequences: Strategies for limiting the misleading effects of multiple changes in pattern and rates of substitution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38, 100116.

P.D.N. Hebert , A. Cywinska , S.L. Ball & J.R. deWaard (2003a) Biological identifications through DNA barcodes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 270, 313321.

P.D.N. Hebert , S. Ratnasingham & J.R. deWaard (2003b) Barcoding animal life: cytochrome c oxidase subunit I divergences among closely related species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 270 (Suppl.), S96S99.

P.D.N. Hebert , E.H. Penton , J.M. Burns , D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs (2004) Ten species in one: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic species in the neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101, 1481214817.

J. Jaenike (1981) Criteria for ascertaining the existence of host races. American Naturalist 117, 830834.

J. Jaenike (1990) Host specialization in phytophagous insects. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 21, 243–237.

M. Kimura (1980) A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 16, 111120.

T. Lee & D. Ó Foighil (2004) Hidden Floridian biodiversity: mitochondrial and nuclear gene trees reveal four cryptic species within the scorched mussel, Brachidontes exustus, species complex. Molecular Ecology 13, 35273542.

E.E. Lindquist (1996) Phylogenetic relationships. pp. 301327inE.E. Lindquist , M.W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds) Eriophyoid Mites – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier.

E.E. Lindquist & J.W. Amrine Jr, (1996) Systematics, diagnoses for major taxa, and keys to families and genera with species on plant of economic importance. pp. 3387inE.E. Lindquist , M.W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds) Eriophyoid Mites – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier.

B.A. McPheron , D.C. Smith & S.H. Berlocher (1988) Genetic differences between host races of the apple maggot fly. Nature 336, 6466.

L.R. Nault & W.E. Styer (1969) The dispersal of Aceria tulipae and three other grass-infesting eriophyid mites in Ohio. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 62, 14461455.

M. Navajas , A. Tsagkarakou , J. Lagnel & M.J. Perrot-Minnot (2000) Genetic differentiation in Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae): polymorphism, host races or sibling species? Experimental and Applied Acarolology 24, 365376.

I. Ohshima (2008) Host race formation in the leaf-mining moth Acrocercops transecta (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 93, 135145.

G.N. Oldfield (1996) Diversity and host plant specificity. pp. 199216inE.E. Lindquist , M.W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds) Eriophyoid Mites – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier.

G.N. Oldfield & G. Proeseler (1996) Eriophyoid mites as vectors of plant pathogens. pp. 259273inE.E. Lindquist , M.W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds) Eriophyoid Mites – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier.

K.R. Pegler , L. Evans , J.R. Stevens & R. Wall (2005) Morphological and molecular comparison of host-derived populations of parasitic Psoroptes mites. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 19, 392403.

D. Posada & K.A. Crandall (1998) MODELTEST: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14, 817818.

B.W. Price , N.P. Barker & M.H. Villet (2007) Patterns and processes underlying evolutionary significant units in the Platypleura stridula L. species complex (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Molecular Ecology 16, 25742588.

J. Rach , R. DeSalle , I.N. Sarkar , B. Schierwater & H. Hadrys (2008) Character-based DNA barcoding allows discrimination of genera, species and populations in Odonata. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 275, 237247.

M.W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (1996) Evolutionary ecology: Life history patterns, food plant choice and dispersal. pp. 329365inE.E. Lindquist , M.W. Sabelis & J. Bruin (Eds) Eriophyoid Mites – Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier.

S.J. Scheffer & D.J. Hawthorne (2007) Molecular evidence of host-associated genetic divergence in the holly leafminer Phytomyza glabricola (Diptera: Agromyzidae): apparent discordance among marker systems. Molecular Ecology 16, 26272637.

A. Skoracka (2008) Reproductive barriers between populations of the cereal rust mite Abacarus hystrix confirm their host specialization. Evolutionary Ecology 22, 607616.

A. Skoracka & L. Kuczyński (2006) Is the cereal rust mite, Abacarus hystrix really a generalist? – testing colonization performance on novel hosts. Experimental and Applied Acarology 38, 113.

A. Skoracka , L. Kuczyński & W. Magowski (2002) Morphological variation in different host populations of Abacarus hystrix (Nalepa, 1896) (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyoidea). Experimental and Applied Acarology 26, 187193.

A. Skoracka , L. Kuczyński & B. Rector (2007) Divergent host-acceptance behavior suggests host specialization in populations of the polyphagous mite Abacarus hystrix (Nalepa) (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyidae). Environmental Entomology 36, 899909.

R. Sonnenberg , A.W. Nolte & D. Tautz (2007) An evaluation of LSU rDNA D1-D2 sequences for their use in species identification. Frontiers in Zoology 4, doi:10.1186/1742-9994-4-6.

J.O. Stireman , J.D. Nason & S.B. Heard (2005) Host-associated genetic differentiation in phytophagous insects: general phenomenon or isolated exceptions? Evidence from a goldenrod-insect community. Evolution 59, 25732587.

K. Tamura , J. Dudley , M. Nei & S. Kumar (2007) MEGA4: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24, 15961599.

J.D.S. Witt , D.L. Threloff & P.D.N. Hebert (2006) DNA barcoding reveals extraordinary cryptic diversity in an amphipod genus: implications for desert spring conservation. Molecular Ecology 15, 30733082.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • ISSN: 0007-4853
  • EISSN: 1475-2670
  • URL: /core/journals/bulletin-of-entomological-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *