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The French Euthanasia Debate

Exception and Solidarity

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 April 2013

Abstract

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Type
Bioethics beyond Borders
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013 

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References

Notes

1. Sicard D. Penser solidairement la fin de vie. Rapport à François Hollande, Président de la République Française; 2012; available at http://www.elysee.fr/assets/pdf/Rapport-de-la-commission-de-reflexion-sur-la-fin-de-vie-en-France.pdf (last accessed 20 Dec 2012).

2. Leonetti J. Respecter la vie, Accepter la mort. Report # 1708 fait au nom de la mission d’information sur l’accompagnement de la fin de vie; 2004; available at http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/12/rap-info/i1708-t1.asp (last accessed 20 Dec 2012).

3. Puybasset L, Lamoureux M. Euthanasie: le débat tronqué. Paris: Calmann-Lévy; 2012.

4. See, on this point, the EURELD study: van der Heide A, Deliens L, Faisst K, Nilstun T, Norup M, Paci E, et al. End-of-life decision-making in six European countries: Descriptive study. The Lancet 2003;362(9381):345–50. See note 2, Leonetti 2004, at 50–1; page 140 cites other studies confirming the practice.

5. See Dehan M, Gold F, Grassin M, Janaud J-C, Morisot C, Ropert, JC, et al. (for the Fédération Nationale des Pédiatres Peonatologists). Dilemmes éthiques de la période périnatale: recommandations pour les décisions de fin de vie. Archives de Pédiatrie 2001;8(4):407–19; Cuttini M, Nadai M, Kaminski M, Hansen G, de Leeuw R, Lenoir S, et al. (for the EURONIC Study Group). End-of-life decisions in neonatal intensive care: Physicians’ self-reported practices in seven European countries. The Lancet 2000;355(9221):2112–8; and the study by the sociologist Anne Paillet (Paillet, A.Sauver la vie, donner la mort. Une sociologie de l’éthique en réanimation néonatale. Paris: La Dispute; 2007).

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8. CCNE. Avis sur Fin de vie, arrêt de vie, euthanasia; 2000 Jan 27: number 63, at 5; available at http://www.ccne-ethique.fr/docs/fr/avis063.pdf (last accessed 22 Dec 2012).

9. See note 3, Puybasset, Lamoureux 2012, at 70.

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15. The act was correctly seen to be continuous with two other major healthcare laws: the Palliative Care Act (Law 99-477, June 9, 1999) and the 2002 Patients’ Rights Act (Law 2002-303, March 4, 2002). For a legal analysis of the law, see Alfandari E, Pedrot P. La fin de vie et la loi du 22 avril 2005. Revue de droit sanitaire et social 2005;5:751–65.

16. See note 2, Leonetti 2004, at 51.

17. Michel Castra, cited in Leonetti 2004, at 38 (see note 2).

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19. Romero J-L. Les voleurs de liberté. Paris: Florent Massot; 2009, at 12.

20. See note 18, De Hennezel, at 8.

21. Bataille P. A la vie à la mort. Paris: Autrement; 2012.

22. Kahn A. L’ultime liberté? Paris: Plon; 2008, at 37.

23. Rendtorff, JD.The limitations and accomplishments of autonomy as a basic principle in bioethics and biolaw. In: Weisstub, DN, Diaz Pintos, G, eds. Autonomy and human rights in health care. New York: Springer; 2008:7588, at 86.

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24. See note 3, Puybasset, Lamoureux 2012, at 159.

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26. Leonetti J. Rapport d’information n° 1287 fait au nom de la mission d’évaluation de la loi n° 2005-370 du 22 avril 2005 relative aux droits des malades et à la fin de vie; 2008, at 42; available at http://www.sfar.org/_docs/articles/124-rapport_leonetti08.pdf (last accessed 20 Dec 2012).

27. See the following two studies: Fondras, J-C, Rameix, S.Questions éthiques associées à la pratique de la sedation en phase terminale. Médecine palliative 2010;9(3):120–5; and Aubry, R, Blanchet, V, Vialard, M-L.Sedation for distress in adults. Médecine palliative 2010;9:71–9.

28. Ferrand, E.La sédation en fin de vie en reanimation. In: Bonnet, F, Lescot, T, eds. Analgésie et sédation en reanimation. New York: Springer; 2010:243–51.

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29. See note 26, Leonetti 2008.

30. Pennec, S, Monier, A, Pontone, S, Aubry, R.End-of-life medical decisions in France: A death certificate follow-up survey 5 years after 2005 act of parliament on patients’ rights and end of life. BMC Palliative Care 2012;11(25):22–8.

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32. See note 31, Ferrand et al. 2012, at 130.

33. See note 21, Bataille 2012.

34. Storme, L, Rakza, T, Fily, A, Mur, S, Pennaforte, T.Quelle place pour les traitements curatifs dans un projet de soins palliatifs appliqué aux nouveau-né. In: Bétrémieux, P, ed. Soins palliatifs chez le nouveau-né. Paris: Springer France; 2010:139–56, at 143.

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36. Fournier V. Les français sont-ils favorables à l’euthanasie? Ena Hors les murs 2012;424:52–4.

37. See note 1, Sicard 2012, at 59.

38. See note 3, Puybasset, Lamoureux 2012, at 8.

39. Comte-Sponville, A, de Hennezel, M, Kahn, A.Doit-on légaliser l’euthanasie? Paris: Editions de l’Atelier; 2004.

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40. Dageville, C, Grassin, M.Dilemmes éthiques en néonatologie: un débat à poursuivre. Archives de pédiatrie 2010;17(7):997–9.

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41. See note 8, CCNE 2000, at 9.

42. See note 40, Dageville, Grassin 2010, at 998–9.

43. See note 1, Sicard 2012, at 110.

44. See note 8, CCNE 2000, at 10.

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