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The Moral Insignificance of Death in Organ Donation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  14 March 2013

Abstract

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Type
Special Section: Open Forum
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2013

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References

Notes

1 Robertson, J.The dead donor rule. Hastings Center Report 1999;29(6):614.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

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3 Report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death. A definition of irreversible coma. JAMA 1968;205:337–40.

4 See Steinbrook, R.Organ donation after cardiac death. New England Journal of Medicine 2007;357:209–13CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; and Bernat, J.The boundaries of organ donation after circulatory death. New England Journal of Medicine 2008;359:669–71.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

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8 See, e.g., note 2, Veatch 2004, at n1.

9 Jennett, B.The vegetative state. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 2002;73:355–6CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed; and Blumenfeld, H.The neurological examination of consciousness. In: Laureys, S, Tononi, G, eds. The Neurology of Consciousness: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuropathology. Amsterdam: Academic Press; 2009:1530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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12 See note 11, Rodriguez-Arias et al. 2011, at 41.

13 See note 11, Rodriguez-Arias et al. 2011, at 41.

14 Luaute, J, Maucort-Boulch, D, Tell, L, Quelard, F, Sarraf, T, Iwaz, J, et al. . Long-term outcomes of chronic minimally conscious and vegetative states. Neurology 2010;75:240–52.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

15 Miller, F, Truog, R, Brock, D.The dead donor rule: Can it withstand critical scrutiny? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2010;35:299312CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed. See also Miller, F, Truog, R.Rethinking the ethics of vital organ donation. Hastings Center Report 2008;38(6):3846CrossRefGoogle Scholar; and Miller, F, Truog, R.Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2012.Google Scholar

16 Boly, M, Faymonville, M-E, Schnakers, C, Peigneux, P, Lambermont, B, Phillips, C, et al. . Perception of pain in the minimally conscious state with PET activation: An observational study. Lancet Neurology 2008;7:1013–20.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

17 Wilkinson, D, Savulescu, J.Should we allow organ donation euthanasia? Alternatives for maximizing the number and quality of organs for transplantation. Bioethics 2012;26:3248, at 40–41.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

18 See note 15, Miller et al. 2010, at 306.

19 See note 2, Veatch 2004. See also Bagheri, A.Individual choice in the definition of death. Journal of Medical Ethics 2007;33:146–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

20 I thank an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on an earlier version of this article. The writing of the article was supported by a research fellowship from the Brocher Foundation, Hermance, Switzerland, which is gratefully acknowledged. I thank the other researchers at the Brocher for their constructive comments and questions following a presentation on the issues discussed here.