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Trade Unions and the Quadripartite Interactions in Strike Settlement in China*

Abstract
Abstract

Although the Chinese government has claimed to be pursuing tripartism for labour relations, the non-judicial resolution of interest conflict in enterprises is largely a process of quadripartite interaction. In addition to the government and employers, the trade unions and workers are separate players: labour strikes in China are always launched by unorganized workers rather than by trade unions, whose task is to defuse the situation. Such a quadripartite process is dominated by the government, with the trade union playing a mediating role, not only between workers and the government but also between workers and employers. The process involves certain explicit and implicit rules, as well as distinct dynamics. This research examines the institutional and social basis of quadripartite interaction and how it led to the settlement of strikes. It demonstrates that although it can effectively defuse workers' collective action, a quadripartite process of conflict resolution reflects a low degree of institutionalization of industrial relations in China.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Feng Chen , “Industrial restructuring and workers' resistance in China,” Modern China, Vol. 29, No. 3 (2004), pp. 237–62

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Feng Chen , “Individual rights and collective rights: labor's predicament in China,” The Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 40 (2007), pp. 5979

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Simon Clarke , Chang-Hee Lee and Do Quynh Chi , “From rights to interests: the challenge of industrial relations in Vietnam,” Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 49, No. 4 (2007), pp. 545–68

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Jude Howell , “All-China Federation of Trade Unions beyond reform? The slow march of direct elections,” The China Quarterly, No. 196 (2008), pp. 845–63

Feng Chen , “Union power in China: source, operation, and constraints,” Modern China, Vol. 35, No. 6 (2009), pp. 662–89

Erik Olin Wright , “Working-class power, capitalist-class interests, and class compromise,” The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 105, No. 4 (2000), pp. 9571002

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The China Quarterly
  • ISSN: 0305-7410
  • EISSN: 1468-2648
  • URL: /core/journals/china-quarterly
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