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Behavior and mental health problems in children with epilepsy and low IQ

  • Janice M Buelow (a1), Joan K Austin (a1), Susan M Perkins (a2), Jianzhao Shen (a2), David W Dunn (a2) and Philip S Fastenau (a3)...

Abstract

The purpose of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to describe the particular types of behavioral problems, self-concept, and symptoms of depression experienced by children with both low IQ and epilepsy. Three groups of children (83 males, 81 females; mean age 11 years 10 months, SD 1 year 10 months; age range 9 to 14 years) with epilepsy were compared: (Group 1) Low IQ (<85), n=48, 25 males, 23 females; (Group 2) Middle IQ (85 to 100), n=58, 24 males, 34 females; and (Group 3) High IQ (>100), n=58, 34 males, 24 females. The Child Behavior Checklist, Piers–Harris Self-Concept Scale, and Children's Depression Inventory were used to measure behavior, self-concept, and depression respectively. Results indicated that children in the Low IQ group had the most behavioral and mental health problems. Additionally, there were IQ group-by-sex interactions, with females in the Low IQ group being at the highest risk for poor self-concept. Findings suggest that children with both epilepsy and low IQ should be carefully assessed for mental health problems in the clinical setting.

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Corresponding author

1111 Middle Drive NU 492, Indiana University School of Nursing, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5107, USA. E-mail: joausti@iupui.edu

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