Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Attack on Substance: Descartes to Hume

  • Edwin B. Allaire (a1)
Copyright
References
Hide All

1 Popkin Richard H., “Did Hume Ever Read Berkeley?” The Journal of Philosophy, LVI [1959]. 535–45.

2 Bracken Harry M., “Locke-Berkeley-Hume: The End of a Triumvirate,” The Indian Journal of Philosophy, III [1961], 18.

3 This requires some explanation. Descartes actually insisted, [i] that what exists is what is known with certainty and, [ii] that direct acquaintance is a kind of knowing. Since the intention of a direct acquaintance is a mental property, an idea or an act, Descartes tries to “discover” another kind of knowing such that he could know the existence of substances, e.g., the self, God, and material objects. Descartes failed, as his successors well knew. They accepted [i] and [ii], but rejected searching further.

4 The Philosophical Works of Descartes, ed. Haldane and Ross [Cambridge], Vol. I, 159–60.

5 The Works of George Berkeley, ed. Luce and Jessop [Nelson], Vol. II, 78–9.

6 Descartes tries to subdue scepticism by proving that the “knowledge” exemplified by the cogito enables us to know with certainty the existence of entities other than those with which we are directly acquainted. Berkeley’s doctrine of notional knowledge is thus a response to a problem similar to the one to which the cogito is a response.

7 Not surprisingly, the entities alleged to be known notionally—minds, relations and laws—are different in kind from properties. For a more detailed study of Berkeley’s ontology see “Berkeley’s Idealism,” Theoria, XXIX [1963], 229–244; reprinted in Edwin B. Allaire, etal. Essays in Ontology, Nijhoff, 1963.

8 Hume David, A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. Selby-Bigge [Oxford], 634–5.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review / Revue canadienne de philosophie
  • ISSN: 0012-2173
  • EISSN: 1759-0949
  • URL: /core/journals/dialogue-canadian-philosophical-review-revue-canadienne-de-philosophie
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 3 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 91 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.