1.Acierno, R, Ruggiero, K, Galea, S, etal. Psychological sequelae resulting from the 2004 Florida hurricanes: implications for postdisaster intervention. Am J Public Health. 2007;97(suppl 1):S103-S108.
4.Benedek, DM, Fullerton, CS, Ursano, RJ. First responders: mental health consequences of natural and human-made disasters for public health and public safety workers. Annual Rev Public Health. 2007;28: 55-68.
5.Bills, CB, Levy, NAS, Sharma, V, etal. Mental health of workers and volunteers responding to events of 9/11: review of the literature. Mount Sinai J Med. 2008;75: 115-127.
6.Berger, W, Coutinho, ES, Figueira, I, etal. Rescuers at risk: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis of the worldwide current prevalence and correlates of PTSD in rescue workers. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2012;47(6):1001-1111.
7.Perrin, MA, DiGrande, L, Wheeler, K, etal. Differences in PTSD prevalence and associated risk factors among world trade center disaster rescue and recovery workers. Am J Psychiatry. 2007;164: 1385-1394.
8.Fullerton, CS, McCarroll, JE, Ursano, RJ, etal. Psychological responses of rescue workers: fire fighters and trauma. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1992;62: 371-378.
9.McCarroll, JE, Fullerton, CS, Ursano, RJ, etal. Posttraumatic stress symptoms following forensic dental identification: Mt. Carmel, Waco, Texas. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153(6):778-782.
10.North, CS, Tivis, L, McMillen, JC, etal. Psychiatric disorders in rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159: 857-859.
11.Ward, CL, Lombard, CJ, Gwebushe, N. Critical incident exposure in South African emergency services personnel: prevalence and associated mental health issues. Emerg Med J. 2006;23(3):226-231.
12.Tak, S, Discoll, R, Bernard, B. Depressive symptoms among firefighters and related factors after the response to Hurricane Katrina. J Urban Health. 2007;84(2):153-161.
13.Stellman, JM, Smith, RP, Katz, CL, etal. Enduring mental health morbidity and social function impairment in world trade center rescue, recovery, and cleanup workers: the psychological dimension of an environmental health disaster. Environ Health Perspect. 2008;116(9):1248-1253.
14.Van der Velden, PG, Kleber, RJ, Koenen, KC. Smoking predicts posttraumatic stress symptoms among rescue workers: a prospective disaster study of ambulance personnel. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008;94: 267-271.
15.Bars, MP, Banauch, GI, Appel, D, etal. Tobacco free with FDNY: the New York City fire department world trade center tobacco cessation study. Chest. 2006;129: 979-987.
16.Weathers, F, Ford, J. Psychometric review of PTSD checklist (PCL-C, PCL-S, PCL-M, PCL-PR). In: Stamm BH, ed. Measurement of Stress, Trauma, and Adaptation. Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press; 1996: 250-251.
17.Lang, AJ, Laffaye, C, Satz, etal. Sensitivity and specificity of the PTSD checklist in detecting PTSD in female veterans in primary care. J Trauma Stress. 2003;16(3):257-264.
18.Walker, EA, Newman, E, Dobie, DJ, etal. Validation of the PTSD checklist in an HMO sample of women. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2002;24: 375-380.
19.Spitzer, RL, Kroenke, K, Williams, JBW. Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: the PHQ Primary Care Study. JAMA. 1999;282(18):1737-1744.
20.Kroenke, K, Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB. The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. J Gen Intern Med. 2001;16(9):606-613.
21.Spitzer, RL, Williams, JBW, Kroenke, K, etal. Validity and utility of the PRIME-MD Patient Health Questionnaire in the assessment of 3000 obstetric-gynecological patients: the PRIME-MD Patient Health Questionnaire Obstetrics-Gynecology Study. Am J Obstetrics Gynecol. 2000;183(3):759-769.
22.Grieger, TA, Fullerton, CS, Ursano, RJ. Posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol use, and perceived safety after the terrorist attack on the pentagon. Psychiatr Serv. 2003;54: 1380-1382.
23.Biggs, QM, Fullerton, CS, Reeves, JJ, etal. Acute stress disorder, depression and tobacco use in disaster workers following 9/11. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2010;80(4):586-592.
24.Hosmer, DW, Lemeshow, S. Goodness of fit tests for the multiple logistic regression model. Commun Stat Theory Methods. 1980;A9(10):1043-1069.
25.SPSS for Windows: Release 16.0.2. Chicago, IL: SPSS Inc; 2008.
26.Stata Statistical Software: Release 9. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP; 2005.
27.Kessler, RC, Chiu, WT, Demler, O, Merikangas, KR, Walters, EE. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62: 617-627.
28.Kessler, RC, Barker, PR, Colpe, LJ, etal. Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003;60: 184-189.
29.Kessler, RC, Ormel, J, Petukhova, M, etal. Development of lifetime comorbidity in the world health organization world mental health surveys. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011;68(1):90-100.