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Worldwide Experiences in Disaster Medicine Education

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 May 2020

Luca Ragazzoni
Affiliation:
CRIMEDIM – Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
Monica Linty
Affiliation:
CRIMEDIM – Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
Francesco Della Corte
Affiliation:
CRIMEDIM – Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy
Corresponding
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Abstract

Type
Letter to the Editor
Creative Commons
Creative Common License - CCCreative Common License - BY
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Society for Disaster Medicine and Public Health, Inc.

With this letter, we thank Professor Nobuyasu Komasawa and his colleagues for having highlighted in their letter to the editor Reference Komasawa, Terasaki and Tomioka1 the necessity to improve the collaboration in disaster medicine education and to strengthen the efforts in integrating this discipline in medical school curricula worldwide.

Just like Japan, Italy is widely exposed to natural disasters, and the scientific community is well aware that climate change will only exacerbate the situation and expose the country to new health threats. 2 Despite the recognition and emphasis on the important role of medical professionals in disaster preparedness and response, medical and nursing students are still lacking basic education in disaster medicine, Reference Kaiser, Barnett and Hsu3 in Italy and worldwide. The Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Medicine (CRIMEDIM; Novara, Italy) has been working since early 2000 in trying to fill this gap, by fighting to include disaster medicine in the basic curriculum of medical students and implementing specific education programs on disaster medicine.

In 2013, a nationwide peer-assisted learning (PAL) program in disaster medicine, called DisasterSISM was developed in collaboration with the Segretariato Italiano Studenti in Medicina (SISM), the Italian branch of the International Federation of Medical Students’ Associations (IFMSA). The aim of this program, which is still running today, is to equip medical students with the necessary expertise and competencies to effectively transfer this knowledge to other students. From 2013 to 2018, the program managed to reach 88% of the Italian medical schools. Reference Ragazzoni, Conti and Dell’Aringa4 Driven by the success of this national PAL program and by the growing awareness that disaster medicine is poorly represented in medical students’ curriculum worldwide, CRIMEDIM implemented an international version of the DisasterSISM. The Training Disaster Medicine Trainers (TdmT) was developed in collaboration with the IFMSA with the aim to create a global network of disaster medicine student-teachers. After completing the program, students are supported by CRIMEDIM and their local branch of IFMSA in planning and delivering basic courses in disaster medicine across the globe.

Both these programs exploit the multiplier effect of PAL to maximize the results and reach an always growing number of universities in the world. However, this is not the only way CRIMEDIM works to enhance the international collaboration in disaster medicine education. Since 2000, the European Master in Disaster Medicine has equipped professionals from all around the world with specific skills and knowledge in disaster medicine. Reference Della Corte, Hubloue and Ripoll Gallardo5 Through the European-funded project NO-FEAR, CRIMEDIM coordinates a pan-European and beyond network of 18 partners among emergency medical care practitioners, academia, suppliers, decision-makers, and policy-makers to collaborate and exchange knowledge, good practices, and lessons learned in emergency and disaster management. Advancing knowledge and practice in education and training of medical practitioners is one of the main objectives of the project.

CRIMEDIM experience can be seen as a successful example of how academia can strengthen the presence of disaster medicine education in the undergraduate and postgraduate path and can have an important role in overcoming the fragmentation and filling the education gap pointed out by Komasawa and his colleagues. We strongly hope and believe that sharing examples of good practice could encourage the development of similar initiatives in other countries and enhance the international collaboration toward a common aim.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

References

Komasawa, N, Terasaki, F, Tomioka, M, et al. The need of collaboration in medical education for worldwide disaster. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.126 Google Scholar
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. https://www.unisdr.org/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf. Accessed April 23, 2020.Google Scholar
Kaiser, HE, Barnett, DJ, Hsu, EB, et al. Perspectives of future physicians on disaster medicine and public health preparedness: challenges of building a capable and sustainable auxiliary medical workforce. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2009;3:210216.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ragazzoni, L, Conti, A, Dell’Aringa, M, et al. A nationwide peer-assisted learning program in disaster medicine for medical students. Eur J Emerg Med. 2020. doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000668 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Della Corte, F, Hubloue, I, Ripoll Gallardo, A, et al. The European Masters Degree in Disaster Medicine (EMDM): a decade of exposure. Front Public Health. 2014;2:49. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.00049 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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