Skip to main content
×
×
Home

THE DIVERSITY OF INTEGRATION IN A MULTIETHNIC METROPOLIS: Exploring What Whites, African Americans, and Latinos Imagine

  • Maria Krysan (a1), Courtney Carter (a2) and Marieke van Londen (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

Although there is little debate that Census data reveal declines in standard measures of segregation over the past several decades, depending on who you ask, racial residential segregation is either just about gone or is stubbornly persistent. In this study, we draw attention to how the murkiness in the conceptualization of what has replaced ‘segregation’ and the related question of what integration is, contributes to this disagreement. Through an analysis of attitudes toward racially integrated neighborhoods, we demonstrate the pitfalls of our lack of consistency and clarity about the conceptual and operational definition of integration. Our analysis reveals the diversity of attitudes toward integrated communities—depending on who is asked, and what kind of integration is considered—and points to a fragility of commitment to the ideals of integration. We do this by using an innovative survey dataset that includes both open and closed-ended questions asked of a large probability sample of Whites, African Americans, and Latinos living in the Chicago metropolitan area. The survey asked individuals to describe their ideal neighborhood racial/ethnic composition and explain why it was ideal; they were then asked to describe (and explain) their least desired neighborhood racial/ethnic composition. Juxtaposing the results, we reveal that integration is both enthusiastically endorsed and much maligned—even within the same person—and that whether it is good or bad very much depends on the type of integration. We argue that appreciating the diversity of integration attitudes is critical if we are to develop a more nuanced understanding of future patterns of residential stratification in our increasingly diverse nation.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      THE DIVERSITY OF INTEGRATION IN A MULTIETHNIC METROPOLIS
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      THE DIVERSITY OF INTEGRATION IN A MULTIETHNIC METROPOLIS
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      THE DIVERSITY OF INTEGRATION IN A MULTIETHNIC METROPOLIS
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
* Corresponding author: Maria Krysan, Department of Sociology (m/c 312), University of Illinois at Chicago, 1007 W. Harrison Street, Chicago, IL 60607. E-mail: Krysan@uic.edu.
References
Hide All
Adelman Robert M. (2005). The Roles of Race, Class, and Residential Preferences in the Neighborhood Racial Composition of Middle-Class Blacks and Whites. Social Science Quarterly, 86(1): 209228.
Alba Richard, and Romalewski Steven (2012). The End of Segregation? Hardly. A More Nuanced View from the New York Metropolitan Region. Report published by the Center for Urban Research at the Graduate Center at CUNY. New York. <http://www.gc.cuny.edu/Page-Elements/Academics-Research-Centers-Initiatives/Centers-and-Institutes/Center-for-Urban-Research/CUR-research-initiatives/The-End-of-Segregation-Hardly> (accessed October 14, 2016).
Allport Gordon (1954). The Nature of Prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Andersen Margaret (1999). Diversity without Oppression: Race, Ethnicity, Identity and Power. In Kenyatta M. and Totowa R. Tai. (Eds.) Critical Ethnicity: Countering the Waves of Identity Politics, pp. 520. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Bell Joyce M., and Hartmann Douglas (2007). Diversity in Everyday Discourse: The Cultural Ambiguities and Consequences of ‘Happy Talk.’ American Sociological Review, 72: 895914.
Berrey Ellen C. (2005). Divided over Diversity: Political Discourse in a Chicago Neighborhood. City and Community, 4(2): 143170.
Blalock Hubert M Jr.. (1967). Toward a Theory of Minority-Group Relations. New York: Capricorn Books.
Blumer Herbert (1958). Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position. Pacific Sociological Review, 1(1): 37.
Bobo Lawrence D., and Hutchings Vincent L. (1996). Perceptions of Racial Group Competition: Extending Blumer’s Theory of Group Position to a Multiracial Social Context. American Sociological Review, 61(6): 951972.
Bobo Lawrence D., and Zubrinsky Camille (1996). Attitudes on Residential Integration: Perceived Status Differences, Mere in-Group Preference or Racial Prejudice?” Social Forces, 74(3): 883909.
Bonilla-Silva Eduardo, Forman Tyrone A., Lewis Amanda E., and Embrick David G. (2003). “It Wasn’t Me!” How will Race and Racism Work in 21st Century America. Research in Political Sociology, 12: 111134.
Bradburn Norman, Sudman Seymour, and Gockel Galen L. (1970). Racial Integration in American Neighborhoods. Chicago, IL: National Opinion Research Center.
Burke Meghan A. (2012). Racial Ambivalence in Diverse Communities: Whiteness and the Power of Color-Blind Ideologies . Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Charles Camille Z. (2003). The Dynamics of Residential Segregation. Annual Review of Sociology, 29: 167207.
Charles Camille Z. (2006). Won’t You Be My Neighbor: Race, Class, and Residence in Los Angeles. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Clark William A. V. (1986). Residential Segregation in American Cities: A Review and Interpretation. Population Research and Policy Review, 5(2): 95127.
Clark William A. V. (1988). Understanding Residential Segregation in American Cities: Interpreting the Evidence. Population Research and Policy Review, 7(2): 113121.
Clark William A. V. (1989). Residential Segregation in American Cities: Common Ground and Differences in Interpretation. Population Research and Policy Review, 8(2): 193197.
Downey Dennis J. (1999). From Americanization to Multiculturalism: Political Symbols and Struggles for Cultural Diversity in Twentieth Century American Race Relations. Sociological Perspectives, 42(2): 249278.
Ellen Ingrid Gould (2000). Sharing America’s Neighborhoods: The Prospects for Stable Racial Integration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Emerson Michael O., Chai Karen J., and Yancey George (2001). Does Race Matter in Residential Segregation? Exploring the Preferences of White Americans. American Sociological Review, 66(6): 922935.
Farley Reynolds, Schuman Howard, Bianchi Suzanne, Colasanto Diane, and Hatchett Shirley (1978). “Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs”: Will the Trend Toward Racially Separate Communities Continue? Social Science Research, 7(4): 319344.
Farley Reynolds, Steeh Charlotte, Krysan Maria, Reeves Keith, and Jackson Tara (1994). Stereotypes and Segregation: Neighborhoods in the Detroit Area. American Journal of Sociology, 100(3): 750778.
Farley Reynolds (2011). The Waning of American Apartheid? Contexts, 10(3): 3842.
Friedman Samantha (2008). Do Declines in Residential Segregation Mean Stable Neighborhood Racial Integration in Metropolitan America? A Research Note. Social Science Research, 37(3): 920933.
Gallagher Charles A. (2003). Color-Blind Privilege: The Social and Political Functions of Erasing the Color Line in Post Race America. Race, Gender, and Class, 10(4): 117.
Glaeser Edward, and Vigdor Jacob (2012). The End of the Segregated Century: Racial Separation in America’s Neighborhoods, 1890–2010. Civic Report Number 66 . New York: The Manhattan Institute.
Glazer Nathan (1997). We Are All Multiculturalists Now. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Iceland John (2009). Where We Live Now: Immigration and Race in the United States. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Krysan Maria, and Farley Reynolds (2002). The Residential Preferences of Blacks: Do they Explain Persistent Segregation? Social Forces, 80(2): 937980.
Krysan Maria, Couper Mick P., Farley Reynolds, and Forman Tyrone (2009). Does Race Matter in Neighborhood Preferences? Results from a Video Experiment. American Journal of Sociology, 115(2): 527559.
Krysan Maria, and Bader Michael D. M. (2009). Racial Blind Spots: Black-White-Latino Differences in Community Knowledge. Social Problems, 56(4): 677701.
Lee Barrett A., and Wood Peter B. (1990). The Fate of Residential Integration in American Cities: Evidence from Racially Mixed Neighborhoods, 1970–1980. Journal of Urban Affairs, 12: 425436.
Lee Barrett A., and Wood Peter B. (1991). Is Neighborhood Racial Succession Place-Specific? Demography, 28: 2140.
Lee Barrett, Iceland John, and Sharp Gregory (2012). Racial and Ethnic Diversity Goes Local: Charting Change in American Communities Over Three Decades. US2010 Project Report Series. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. <http://www.s4.brown.edu/us2010/Data/Report/report08292012.pdf> (accessed October 14, 2016).
Lewis Valerie A., Emerson Michael O., and Klineberg Stephen (2011). Residential Segregation and Neighborhood Racial Composition Preferences of whites, blacks, and Latinos. Social Forces, 89(4): 13861407.
Loewen James W. (2005). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New York: New Press.
Logan John R., and Stults Brian (2011). The Persistence of Segregation in the Metropolis: New Findings from the 2010 Census. Census Brief prepared for Project US2010. <http://www.s4.brown.edu/us201> (accessed October 14, 2016).
Maly Michael T. (2005). Beyond Segregation: Multiracial and Multiethnic Neighborhoods in the United States. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
Massey Douglas S., and Denton Nancy A. (1993). American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Meyer Stephen Grant (2000). As Long as They Don’t Move Next Door: Segregation and Neighborhood Conflict in American Neighborhoods. Lanham, MD: Lowman and Littlefield.
Norušis Marija (2010). IBM SPSS Statistics 17 Statistical Procedures Companion . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Publishing.
Peterson Ruth D., and Krivo Lauren J. (2010). Divergent Social Worlds: Neighborhood Crime and the Racial-Spatial Divide. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Quillian Lincoln (2002). Why is Black-White Residential Segregation So Persistent?: Evidence on Three Theories from Migration Data. Social Science Research, 31(2): 197229.
Schelling Thomas C. (1971). Dynamic Models of Segregation. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 1: 143186.
Sin Ray, and Krysan Maria (2015). What is Racial Residential Integration? A Research Synthesis, 1950–2013. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 1(4): 467474.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race
  • ISSN: 1742-058X
  • EISSN: 1742-0598
  • URL: /core/journals/du-bois-review-social-science-research-on-race
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 35
Total number of PDF views: 206 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 765 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 22nd November 2016 - 25th February 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.