This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Warwick Anderson (2006). Colonial Pathologies: American Tropical Medicine, Race, and Hygiene in the Philippines. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Lundy Braun (2005). Spirometry, Measurement, and Race in the Nineteenth Century. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 60(2): 135–169.
Troy Duster (2005). Race and Reification in Science. Science, 307: 1050–1051.
Steven Epstein (2007). Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
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Nancy Krieger (1990). Racial and Gender Discrimination: Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure? Social Science and Medicine, 30(12): 1273–1281.
Nancy Krieger (2005). Stormy Weather: Race, Gene Expression, and the Science of Health Disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 95(12): 2155–2160.
Thomas A. LaVeist (1992). The Political Empowerment and Health Status of African Americans: Mapping a New Territory. American Journal of Sociology, 97(4): 1080–1095.
Thomas A. LaVeist (1993). Segregation, Poverty, and Empowerment: Health Consequences for African Americans. Milbank Memorial Quarterly, 71(1): 41–64.
Russ Lopez (2009). Public Health, the APHA, and Urban Renewal. American Journal of Public Health, 99(9): 1603–1611.
Susan Reverby (2008). “Special Treatment”: BiDil, Tuskegee, and the Logic of Race. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, 36(3): 478–484.
Samuel K. Roberts (2009). Infectious Fear: Politics, Disease, and the Health Effects of Segregation. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
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Amy J. Schulz , David R. Williams , Barbara A. Israel , and Lora Bex Lempert (2002). Racial and Spatial Relations as Fundamental Determinants of Health in Detroit. The Milbank Quarterly, 80(4): 677–707.
David B. Smith (1999). Health Care Divided: Race and Healing a Nation. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
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David R. Williams , Yan Yu , James S. Jackson , and Norman B. Anderson (1997). Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination. Journal of Health Psychology, 2(3): 335–351.