Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 8
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Waldner, Landon MacKenzie, Keith Köster, Wolfgang and White, Aaron 2012. From Exit to Entry: Long-term Survival and Transmission of Salmonella. Pathogens, Vol. 1, Issue. 2, p. 128.


    Leonard, Finola 2014. Salmonellainfection and carriage: the importance of dogs and their owners. Veterinary Record, Vol. 174, Issue. 4, p. 92.


    Hernández-Reyes, Casandra and Schikora, Adam 2013. Salmonella,a cross-kingdom pathogen infecting humans and plants. FEMS Microbiology Letters, Vol. 343, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    2014. Scientific Opinion on the risk posed by pathogens in food of non-animal origin. Part 2 (Salmonellaand Norovirus in tomatoes). EFSA Journal, Vol. 12, Issue. 10, p. 3832.


    ZENNER, D. JANMOHAMED, K. LANE, C. LITTLE, C. CHARLETT, A. ADAK, G. K. and MORGAN, D. 2013. The serotype case-case design: a direct comparison of a novel methodology with a case-control study in a national Salmonella Enteritidis PT14b outbreak in England and Wales. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 141, Issue. 11, p. 2346.


    Lopez, Keyla Phalen, Kyle Vahl, Christopher I. Roberts, Kevin R. and Getty, Kelly J.K. 2016. Investigation of handling practices for fresh produce and the efficacy of commercially available produce washes on removal of pathogens and natural microflora on whole cantaloupe surfaces. Food Control, Vol. 68, p. 251.


    Zhang, Ming Yang, Fan Pasupuleti, Sasikiran Oh, Jun Kyun Kohli, Nandita Lee, I-Syuan Perez, Keila Verkhoturov, Stanislav V. Schweikert, Emile A. Jayaraman, Arul Cisneros-Zevallos, Luis and Akbulut, Mustafa 2014. Preventing adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium LT2 on tomato surfaces via ultrathin polyethylene glycol film. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 185, p. 73.


    Yoshitomi, K.J. Jinneman, K.C. Orlandi, P.A. Weagant, S.D. Zapata, R. and Fedio, W.M. 2015. Evaluation of rapid screening techniques for detection ofSalmonellaspp. from produce samples after pre-enrichment according to FDA BAM and a short secondary enrichment. Letters in Applied Microbiology, Vol. 61, Issue. 1, p. 7.


    ×

Multistate outbreak of Salmonella serotype Typhimurium infections associated with consumption of restaurant tomatoes, USA, 2006: hypothesis generation through case exposures in multiple restaurant clusters

  • C. BARTON BEHRAVESH (a1) (a2), D. BLANEY (a2) (a3), C. MEDUS (a4), S. A. BIDOL (a5), Q. PHAN (a6), S. SOLIVA (a7), E. R. DALY (a3), K. SMITH (a4), B. MILLER (a8), T. TAYLOR (a9), T. NGUYEN (a1), C. PERRY (a1), T. A. HILL (a10), N. FOGG (a10), A. KLEIZA (a11), D. MOORHEAD (a11), S. AL-KHALDI (a10), C. BRADEN (a1) and M. F. LYNCH (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268811002895
  • Published online: 20 January 2012
Abstract
SUMMARY

Multiple salmonellosis outbreaks have been linked to contaminated tomatoes. We investigated a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium infections among 190 cases. For hypothesis generation, review of patients' food histories from four restaurant-associated clusters in four states revealed that large tomatoes were the only common food consumed by patients. Two case-control studies were conducted to identify food exposures associated with infections. In a study conducted in nine states illness was significantly associated with eating raw, large, round tomatoes in a restaurant [matched odds ratio (mOR) 3·1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·3–7·3]. In a Minnesota study, illness was associated with tomatoes eaten at a restaurant (OR 6·3, mid-P 95% CI 1·05–50·4, P=0·046). State, local and federal regulatory officials traced the source of tomatoes to Ohio tomato fields, a growing area not previously identified in past tomato-associated outbreaks. Because tomatoes are commonly eaten raw, prevention of tomato contamination should include interventions on the farm, during packing, and at restaurants.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: C. Barton Behravesh, MS, DVM, DrPH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Outbreak Response and Prevention Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mail-Stop A-38, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. (Email: CBartonBehravesh@cdc.gov)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.E Scallan , Foodborne illness acquired in the United States – major pathogens. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2011; 17: 7–15.

6.SJ Swanson , Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium associated with pet rodents. New England Journal of Medicine 2007; 356: 2128.


10.JT Brooks , Salmonella Typhimurium infections transmitted by chlorine-pretreated clover sprout seeds. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 154: 10201028.


15.K Cummings , A multistate outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Baildon associated with domestic raw tomatoes. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2001; 7: 10461048.

16.SE Vollset , Evaluation of exact and asymptotic interval estimators in logistic analysis of matched case-control studies. Biometrics 1991; 47: 13111325.

19.AC Voetsch , FoodNet estimate of the burden of illness caused by nontyphoidal Salmonella infections infections in the United States. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2004; 38: S127S34.

20.BE Mahon , An international outbreak of Salmonella infections caused by alfalfa sprouts grown from contaminated seeds. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1997; 175: 876882.

21.CW Hedberg , Outbreaks of salmonellosis associated with eating uncooked tomatoes: implications for public health. Epidemiology and Infection 1999; 122: 385393.

22.CH Sandt , The key role of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis in investigation of a large multiserotype and multistate food-borne outbreak of Salmonella infections centered in Pennsylvania. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2006; 44: 32083212.

25.X Guo , Survival of salmonellae on and in tomato plants from the time of inoculation at flowering and early stages of fruit development through fruit ripening. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 2001; 67: 47604764.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: