Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 46
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gallardo-Romero, Nadia F. Aréchiga-Ceballos, Nidia Emerson, Ginny L. Martínez-Martínez, Flor O. Doty, Jeffrey B. Nakazawa, Yoshinori J. Rendón-Franco, Emilio Muñoz-García, Claudia I. Villanueva-García, Claudia Ramírez-Cid, Citlali Gama-Campillo, Lilia M. Gual-Sill, Fernando Aguilar-Setién, Álvaro and Carroll, Darin S. 2016. ENDEMIC ORTHOPOXVIRUS CIRCULATING IN PROCYONIDS IN MEXICO. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 52, Issue. 3, p. 609.


    Wilson, Amanda Fenton, Brian Malloch, Gaynor Boag, Brian Hubbard, Steve and Begg, Graham 2016. Urbanisation versus agriculture: a comparison of local genetic diversity and gene flow between wood mouseApodemus sylvaticuspopulations in human-modified landscapes. Ecography, Vol. 39, Issue. 1, p. 87.


    Maksyutov, Rinat A. Gavrilova, Elena V. Meyer, Hermann and Shchelkunov, Sergei N. 2015. Real-time PCR assay for specific detection of cowpox virus. Journal of Virological Methods, Vol. 211, p. 8.


    Oldal, Miklós Sironen, Tarja Henttonen, Heikki Vapalahti, Olli Madai, Mónika Horváth, Győző Dallos, Bianka Kutas, Anna Földes, Fanni Kemenesi, Gábor Németh, Viktória Bányai, Krisztián and Jakab, Ferenc 2015. Serologic Survey of Orthopoxvirus Infection Among Rodents in Hungary. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Vol. 15, Issue. 5, p. 317.


    Forbes, Kristian M. Voutilainen, Liina Jääskeläinen, Anne Sironen, Tarja Kinnunen, Paula M. Stuart, Peter Vapalahti, Olli Henttonen, Heikki and Huitu, Otso 2014. Serological Survey of Rodent-Borne Viruses in Finnish Field Voles. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 278.


    TURNER, A. K. BELDOMENICO, P. M. BOWN, K. BURTHE, S. J. JACKSON, J. A. LAMBIN, X. and BEGON, M. 2014. Host–parasite biology in the real world: the field voles of Kielder. Parasitology, Vol. 141, Issue. 08, p. 997.


    Bourne, Debra Duff, J. Paul and Vikøren, Turid 2012. Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe.


    Gainey, M. D. Rivenbark, J. G. Cho, H. Yang, L. and Yokoyama, W. M. 2012. Viral MHC class I inhibition evades CD8+ T-cell effector responses in vivo but not CD8+ T-cell priming. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 109, Issue. 47, p. E3260.


    Hansen, Spencer J. Rushton, John Dekonenko, Alexander Chand, Hitendra S. Olson, Gwyneth K. Hutt, Julie A. Pickup, David Lyons, C. Rick and Lipscomb, Mary F. 2011. Cowpox virus inhibits human dendritic cell immune function by nonlethal, nonproductive infection. Virology, Vol. 412, Issue. 2, p. 411.


    Kinnunen, Paula M. Henttonen, Heikki Hoffmann, Bernd Kallio, Eva R. Korthase, Christian Laakkonen, Juha Niemimaa, Jukka Palva, Airi Schlegel, Mathias Ali, Hanan Sheikh Suominen, Paula Ulrich, Rainer G. Vaheri, Antti and Vapalahti, Olli 2011. Orthopox Virus Infections in Eurasian Wild Rodents. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Vol. 11, Issue. 8, p. 1133.


    Lewis-Jones, M. Susan 2011. Harper's Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology.


    Schatzmayr, H.G. Costa, R.V.C. Gonçalves, M.C.R. D’Andréa, P.S. and Barth, O.M. 2011. Human and animal infections by vaccinia-like viruses in the state of Rio de Janeiro: A novel expanding zoonosis. Vaccine, Vol. 29, p. D65.


    Tryland, Morten Okeke, Malachy Ifeanyi af Segerstad, Carl Hård Mörner, Torsten Traavik, Terje and Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre 2011. Orthopoxvirus DNA in Eurasian Lynx, Sweden. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 626.


    Gavrilova, Elena V. Shcherbakov, Dmitrii N. Maksyutov, Rinat A. and Shchelkunov, Sergei N. 2010. Development of real-time PCR assay for specific detection of cowpox virus. Journal of Clinical Virology, Vol. 49, Issue. 1, p. 37.


    Hemmer, Christoph J. Littmann, Martina Löbermann, Micha Meyer, Hermann Petschaelis, Angelika and Reisinger, Emil C. 2010. Human cowpox virus infection acquired from a circus elephant in Germany. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 14, p. e338.


    Smith, Geoffrey L. 2010. Topley & Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections.


    Sterling, J. C. 2010. Rook's Textbook of Dermatology.


    Begon, M. Telfer, S. Smith, M. J Burthe, S. Paterson, S. and Lambin, X. 2009. Seasonal host dynamics drive the timing of recurrent epidemics in a wildlife population. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 276, Issue. 1662, p. 1603.


    Begon, Michael Telfer, Sandra Burthe, Sarah Lambin, Xavier Smith, Matthew J. and Paterson, Steve 2009. Effects of abundance on infection in natural populations: Field voles and cowpox virus. Epidemics, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 35.


    BELDOMENICO, P. M. TELFER, S. LUKOMSKI, L. GEBERT, S. BENNETT, M. and BEGON, M. 2009. Host condition and individual risk of cowpox virus infection in natural animal populations: cause or effect?. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 137, Issue. 09, p. 1295.


    ×

Serological evidence for the reservoir hosts of cowpox virus in British wildlife

  • A. C. Crouch (a1) (a2) (a3), D. Baxby (a1), C. M. McCracken (a2) (a3), R. M. Gaskell (a2) and M. Bennett (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268800058258
  • Published online: 01 May 2009
Abstract
Summary

The reservoir host of cowpox virus in Western Europe is not known, but epidemiological evidence from human and feline infections indicates that the virus is probably endemic in small wild rodents. Therefore, serum and tissue samples were collected from a variety of wild British mammals and some birds, and tested for evidence of Orthopoxvirus infection. Antibody reacting with cowpox virus was detected in 9/44 (20%) bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus), 8/24 (33%) field voles (Microtus agrestis), 17/86 (20%) wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and 1/44 house mice (Mus musculus), but in no other animal species tested. Although virus was not isolated from any animal, this serological survey, together with other evidence, suggests that bank and field voles and wood mice are the main reservoir hosts of cowpox virus in Great Britain.

Copyright
Corresponding author
* Author for correspondence.
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3.D Baxby , M Bennett , B Getty . Human cowpox; a review based on 54 cases, 1969–93. Br J Dermatol 1994; 131: 598607.

6.M Bennett , CJ Gaskell , RM Gaskell , D Baxby , TJ Gruffydd-Jones . Poxvirus infection in the domestic cat. Some clinical and epidemiological observations. Vet Rec 1986; 118: 387–90.

8.D Baxby . Is cowpox misnamed ? - a review of 10 human cases. B M J 1977; 1: 1379–81.

10.N Nowotny . The domestic cat: a possible transmitter of viruses from rodents to man. Lancet 1994; 343: 921.

14.JL Burton . Of mice and milkmaids, cats and cowpox. Lancet 1994; 343: 67.

16.D Boulanger , B Brochier , A Crouch , Comparison of the susceptibility of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) to a vaccinia-rabies recombinant virus and to cowpox virus. Vaccine 1995; 13: 215–9.

17.C Kaplan . Vaccinia virus: a suitable vehicle for recombinant vaccines? Arch Virol 1989; 106: 127–39.

19.RM Gaskell , CJ Gaskell , RJ Evans , Natural and experimental pox virus infection in the domestic cat. Vet Rec 1983; 112: 164–70.

20.J Naidoo , D Baxby , M Bennett , RM Gaskell , CJ Gaskell . Characterisation of ortho-poxviruses isolated from feline infections in Britain. Arch Virol 1992; 125: 261–72.

25.D Baxby . Poxvirus hosts and reservoirs. Arch Virol 1977; 55: 169–79.

27.RML Buller , M Potter , GD Wallace . Variable resistance to ectromelia (mousepox) virus among general of Mus. In: M Potter , ed. The wild mouse in immunology. New York: Springer1986; 319–22.

28.CA McGaughey , R Whitehead . Outbreaks of infectious ectromelia in laboratory and wild mice. J Path Bact 1933; 37: 253–6.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×