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The ecology of the bed-bug, Cimex lectularius L., in Britain: Report on Research, 1935–1940

  • C. G. Johnson (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022172400012560
  • Published online: 01 May 2009
Abstract

In 1934 a committee on the eradication of bed-bugs appointed by the Minister of Health issued its report (Report on the Bed-bug, 1934) in which recommendations for research into the biology of Cimex lectularius L. were made. The committee was struck by the lack of precise information on certain aspects of the bionomics and habits of the insect and suggested work along the following lines:

The effect of food supply and starvation at different seasons and at different stages of development.

The periods of survival of bed-bugs and their eggs under different conditions.

The extent to which bed-bugs can subsist on the blood of birds, bats, mice, etc., when deprived of human blood.

The position and types of harbourages most favoured by bed-bugs under different conditions.

The distance which bed-bugs will travel, the factors (warmth, smell, etc.) which attract them, and whether they habitually return to the same harbourage.

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B. Blacklock , (1912). On the resistance of Cimex lectularius to various reagents, powders, liquids and gases. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasit. 6 (4), 415–28.

C. D. Darlington , (1939). The genetical and mechanical properties of the sex chromosomes. V. Cimex and the Heteroptera. J. Genet. 39 (1), 101–37.

G. Geisthardt , (1937). Über die ökologische Valenz zweier Wanzenarten mit verschiedenem Verbreitungsgebiet. Z. Parositenk. 9 (2), 151202.

A. A. Girault , (1905). The bed bug, Clinocoris (=Cimex=Acanihia=Klinophilos) lectularia Linnaeus. Psyche. 12, 1674.

A. Hase , (1930). Weiteire Versuche zur Kenntnis der Bettwanze Cimex lectularius L. und Cimex rotundatus Sign. (Hex.-Rhynch.). Beiträge zur experimentellen Parasitologie 4. Z. Parasitenk. 2 (3), 368418.

E. Janisch , (1933). Beobachtungen bei der Aufcucht von Bettwanzen. I. Über das Verhalten von Populationen bei verschiedenen Zuchtbedingungen. Z. Parasitenk. 5 (3/4), 460514.

E. Janisch , (1935). Beobachtungen bei der Aufzucht von Bettwanzen. II. Über die Vermehrung der Bettwanze Cimex lectularius in verschiedenen Temperaturen. Z. Parasitenk. 7 (4), 408–39.

C. G. Johnson , (1939). Taxonomic characters, variability and relative growth in Cimex lectularius L. and C. columbarius Jenyns. (Heteropt., Cimicidae). Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 89 (11), 543–48.

C. G. Johnson , (1940c). The maintenance of high atmospheric humidities for entomological work with glycerol-water mixtures. Ann. Appl. Biol. 27 (2), 295–99.

H. Kemper , (1930). Beiträge zur Biologie der Bettwanze (Cimex lectularius L.). I. Über den Einfluss dee Nahrungsmangels. Z. morph. Ökol. Tiere, 19 (1), 160–83.

H. Kemper , (1931). Beiträge zur Biologie der Bettwanze (Cimex lectularius L.). II. Über die Häutung. Z. morph. Ökol. Tiere, 22 (1), 53109.

H. Kemper , (1932). Beiträge zur Biologie der Bettwanze (Cimex lectularius L.). IV. Über das Zerreissen des Darmtraktus and die Mortalität unter ungünstigen Lebensbedingungen. Z. Parasitenk. 5 (1), 112–37.

K. Mellanby , (1938). Activity and insect survival. Nature, Lond., 141, 554.

K. Mellanby , (1939c). Low temperature and insect activity. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 127, 473–87.

K. Mellanby , & P. A. Buxton , (1935). A toxic emanation from rubber. Nature, Lond., 136, 873.

H. D. Slack , (1939). Structural hybridity in Cimex L., Chromosoma, 1 (1), 104–18.

E. Titschack , (1930). Untersuchungen über das Wachstum, den Nahrungsverbrauch und die Eierzeugung. III. Cimex lectularius L. Z. morph. Ökol. Tiere, 17 (3), 471551.

V. B. Wigglesworth , (1931). Effect of desiccation on the bed-bug (Cimex lectularius). Nature, Lond., 127 (3200), 307–8.

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