Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-mhl4m Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-23T23:48:20.868Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Stratigraphy, facies and geodynamic settings of Jurassic formations in the Bükk Mountains, North Hungary: its relations with the other areas of the Neotethyan realm

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2012

JÁNOS HAAS
Affiliation:
Geological, Geophysical and Space Science Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
PÁL PELIKÁN
Affiliation:
Geological Institute of Hungary, Stefánia út 14, H-1143 Budapest
ÁGNES GÖRÖG*
Affiliation:
Department of Palaeontology, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
SÁNDOR JÓZSA
Affiliation:
Department of Petrology and Geochemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
PÉTER OZSVÁRT
Affiliation:
Research Group for Palaeontology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences-Hungarian Natural History Museum, P. O. Box 137, H-1431 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author for correspondence: gorog@ludens.elte.hu

Abstract

Jurassic mélange complexes related to the subduction of the Neotethys Ocean occur in the Bükk Mountains, North Hungary. This paper characterizes the sedimentary sequence of basin and slope facies that occur in the southwestern part of the Bükk Mountains, placing special emphasis on the redeposited sedimentary rocks (olistostromes, olistoliths: Mónosbél Group) in order to obtain information on the provenance of the clasts, and the mode and time of their redeposition. The series of formations studied shows a general coarsening-upwards trend. Based on radiolarians and foraminifera, the Mónosbél Group formed in Early to Late Bathonian time. The lower part of the complex is typified by a predominance of pelagic carbonates, shale and radiolarite with andesitic volcaniclastic intercalations. The higher part of the succession is characterized by polymictic olistostromes. Large olistoliths that are predominantly blocks of Bathonian shallow marine limestone (Bükkzsérc Limestone) appear in the upper part of the sequence. Based on the biostratigraphic and sedimentological data, results of analyses of the redeposited clasts and taking into consideration the concepts of the development of the western Neotethys domain, the evolutionary stages of the sedimentary basins were defined. The onset of the compressional stage led to initiation of nappe stacking that led to the formation of polymict olistostromes and then to the redeposition of large blocks derived from out-of-sequence nappes of the former platform foreland.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Allemann, F. & Schroeder, R. 1972. Spiroconulus perconigi n. gen. n. sp. a new Middle Jurassic foraminifer of Oman and Spain. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, Num Extraordinario 30, 199209.Google Scholar
Antonova, Z. A. 1958 a. Foraminifery srednej jury bassejna r. Laby. (Foraminifera of the Middle Jurassic of the Laby River Basin.) Voprosy Geologii Burenia i Ekspluatatsii Skvažin, Trudy Vsesoyuznyi Neftegazovyi Nauchno-Issledovalelskii Institut (VNII), Karsnodarskij filial XVII, 4180 (in Russian).Google Scholar
Antonova, Z. A. 1958 b. K voprosy ob evolutchii nekotorih predstavitelej oftalmidiid na primere razvitia, ih, v jurskoe vremia v basseine r. Laby. (On the question of evolution of certain representatives of the Ophthalmidiidae as an example of the development in Jurassic time in the basin of the Laby River). Doklady Akademiya Nauk SSSR 122 (5), 913–6 (in Russian).Google Scholar
Aubrecht, R., Gawlick, H.-J., Missoni, S., Suzuki, H., Plašienka, D., Kronome, K. & Kronome, B. 2010. Middle Jurassic matrix radiolarians from Meliata ophiolite melange at the type Meliatic sites Meliata and Jaklovce (Western Carpathians): palaeogeographic evidence. Geologica Balcanica 39 (1–2), 33–4.Google Scholar
Auer, M., Gawlick, H.-J., Suzuki, H. & Schlagintweit, F. 2009. Spatial and temporal development of siliceous basin and shallow-water carbonate sedimentation in Oxfordian Northern Calcareous Alps. Facies 55, 6387.Google Scholar
Aurouze, G. & Bizon, J. J. 1958. Rapports et différences des deux genres de foraminifers: Kilianina (Pfender) et Meyendorffina n. gen. Revue de Micropaléontologie I (2), 6774.Google Scholar
Árkai, P. 1983. Very low- and low-grade Alpine regional metamorphism of sedimentary rocks of the Meliata Unit, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: implications of phyllosilicate characteristics. International Journal of Earth Sciences 92, 6885.Google Scholar
Árkai, P., Balogh, K. & Dunkl, I. 1995. Timing of low-temperatute metamorphism and cooling of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic formations of the Bükkium, innermost West Carpathians, Hungary. Geologische Rundschau 84, 334–44.Google Scholar
Balla, Z. 1987. Tectonics of the Bükkian (North Hungary) Mesozoic and relations to the West Carpathians and Dinarids. Acta Geologica Hungarica 30 (3–4), 257–87.Google Scholar
Balogh, K. 1964. Die geologischen Bildungen des Bükk-Gebirges. Annals of the Hungarian Geological Institute 48, 245719.Google Scholar
Balogh, K., Kozur, H. & Pelikán, P. 1984. Die Deckenstrukctur des Bükkgebirges. Geologish-Paläaontologishe Mitteilungen Innsbruck 13, 8996.Google Scholar
Banner, F. T., Simmons, M. D. & Whittaker, J. E. 1991. The Mesozoic Chrysalidinidae (Foraminifera, Textulariacea) of the Middle East: the Redmond (Aramco) taxa and their relatives. Bulletin of the British Museum Natural History (Geology) 47, 101–52.Google Scholar
Bassoullet, J. P. 1997. Foraminiferes. Les grands foraminifères. In Groupe Français d'Étude du Jurassique. Biostratigraphie du Jurassique Ouest-Européen et Méditerranéen: Zonations Paralleles et Distribution des Invertébrés et Microfossiles (eds Cariou, E. & Hantzpergue, P.), pp. 293304. Bulletin des Centre de Recherche Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, Mémoire 17.Google Scholar
Bassoullet, J. P. & Poisson, A. 1975. Microfaciès du Jurassique de la région d'Antalya (secturs N et NW) Taurus Lycien (Turquie). Revue de Micropaléontologie 18 (1), 314.Google Scholar
Baumgartner, P. O., O'Dogherty, L., Goričan, Š., Urquhart, E., Pillevuit, A. & De Wever, P. D. (eds) 1995. Middle Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous Radiolaria of Tethys: occurences, systematics, biochronology. Mémoires de Géologie (Lausanne) 23, 11162.Google Scholar
Beccaro, P. 2004. Upper Jurassic radiolarians from Inici Mt. Area (North-western Sicily, Italy): biochronology and calibration by ammonites. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110, 289301.Google Scholar
Beccaro, P. 2006. Radiolarian biostratigraphy of Middle-Upper Jurassic pelagic siliceous successions of Western Sicily and the Southern Alps (Italy). Mémoires de Géologie (Lausanne) 45, 1120.Google Scholar
Bérczi-Makk, A. 1999. Bükkzsérci (Észak-Magyarország) Jura rétegsorok sztratigráfiai eredményei foraminiferák alapján (Foraminiferal stratigraphy of Jurassic beds in Bükkzsérc, N-Hungary). Földtani Közlöny 116, 161–72.Google Scholar
Bérczi-Makk, A. & Pelikán, P. 1984. Jura képződmények a Bükk-hegységből. (Jurassic formations from the Bükk Mountains). Annual Report of the Hungarian Geological Institute 1982, 137–66.Google Scholar
Bornemann, J. G. 1854. Ueber die Lias formation in der Umgegend von Göttingen und ihre organischen Einschlüsse. Dissertation Universitat Berlin, 77 pp.Google Scholar
Bortolotti, V., Marroni, M., Pandolfi, L. & Principi, G. 2005. Mesozoic and Tertiary tectonic history of the Mirdita ophiolites, northern Albania. The Island Arc 14, 471–93.Google Scholar
Bosellini, A., Masetti, D. & Sarti, M. 1981. A Jurassic ‘Tongue of the ocean’ infilled with oolitic sands: the Belluno Trough, Venetian Alps, Italy. Marine Geology 44, 5995.Google Scholar
Bourrouilh, R. & Moullade, M. 1963. Étude stratigraphique et micropaleontologique d'une série Jurassique de l'île de Minorque (Baléares, Espagne). Bulletin de la Société géologique de France V, 375–82.Google Scholar
Brun, L. 1968. Étude biostratigraphique du Jurassique de la bordure atlasique nord-orientale et des plismarginaux (Maroc Oriental). In Proceedings of the Third African Micropaleontological Colloquium, 4–10 March 1968, Cairo, pp. 185213. Cairo: The National Information and Documentation Centre (NIDOC).Google Scholar
Bucković, D. 2006. Jurassic limestones of Sošice, Žumberak Mt., Croatia; sedimentary signatures of the platform to basin transition. Acta Geologica Hungarica 49, 331–54.Google Scholar
Bucković, D., Tešović, B. C. & Gušić, I. 2004. Late Jurassic paleoenvironmental evolution of the Western Dinarides (Croatia). Geologica Carpathica 55, 318.Google Scholar
Chiocchini, M, & Mancinelli, A. 1996. Archaeosepta platierensis Wernli, 1970 (Foraminiferida) from the Middle Jurassic near Mt Boragine (north-eastern Latium) and taxonomic position of the genus Archaeosepta Wernli, 1970. Palaeopelagos 6, 237–48.Google Scholar
Clari, P. & Masetti, D. 2002. The Trento Ridge and Belluno Basin. In General Feld Trip Guide Book, VI International Symposium on the Jurassic System, Palermo, Italy (ed. Santantonio, M.), pp 271–315.Google Scholar
Clerc, C. 2005. Les Miliolina (Foraminifères porcelanés) du Dogger du Jura méridional (France): Systématique, stratigraphie et paléoenvironnement. Ph.D. thesis, Terre & Environnement, Université de Genève, France, These No 3599, 250 pp. Published thesis.Google Scholar
Crescenti, U. 1969. Biostratigrafia delle Facies Mesozoiche dell'Appennino Centrale: Correlazioni. Geologica Romana VIII, 1540.Google Scholar
Crescenti, U. 1971. Biostratigraphic correlations in the Jurassic facies of Central Italy by means of the microfossils. Annals of the Hungarian Geological Institute 54, 209–13.Google Scholar
Csontos, L. 1988. Étude géologique d'une portion des Carpathes Internes: Le massif du Bükk (stratigraphie, structures, métamorphisme et géodinamique). Ph.D. thesis, Université de Lille Flanders-Artois, France, These No. 250, 327 pp. Published thesis.Google Scholar
Csontos, L. 2000. A Bükk-hegység mezozoos rétegtani újraértékelése. (Stratigraphic reevaluation of the Bükk Mts (Hungary)). Földtani Közlöny 130 (1), 95131.Google Scholar
Csontos, L., Bérczi-Makk, A. & Thiebault, F. 1991. Újabb Foraminifera-leletek a Déli-Bükkből. (Contributions to Foraminiferal fossils from the S part of the Bükk Mts). Annual Report of the Hungarian Geological Institute 1989, 383409.Google Scholar
Csontos, L., Dosztály, L. & Pelikán, P. 1991. Radioláriák a Bükk-hegységből. (Radiolarians from the Bükk Mts.). Annual Report of the Hungarian Geological Institute 1989, 357–81.Google Scholar
Csontos, L. & Nagymarosy, A. 1998. The Mid-Hungarian line: a zone of repeated tectonic inversions. Tectonophysics 297, 5771.Google Scholar
Csontos, L., Nagymarosy, A., Horváth, F. & Kováč, M. 1992. Tertiary evolution of the Intra-Carpathian area: a model. Tectonophysics 208, 221–41.Google Scholar
Csontos, L. & Vörös, A. 2004. Mesozoic plate tectonic reconstruction of the Carpathian region. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 210, 156.Google Scholar
Danitch, M. M. 1971. Miliolidy. In Mesozoic mollusks and foraminifera of the Dniester-Prut river region; ammonites and miliolids from Jurassic deposits (eds Romanov, L. F. & Danitch, M. M.), pp. 85216. Akademia Nauk Moldavskoi SSR, Otdelenie Paleontologii i Stratigraphii, Kisinev.Google Scholar
Derin, B. & Reiss, Z 1965. Note on some Jurassic and Early Cretaceous Trocholina (Foraminiferida) from Israel. Oil Companies Micropaleontological Laboratory Report No. OS/1/65, 11 pp.Google Scholar
Dimitrijević, M. D. 1997. Geology of Yugoslavia. Belgrade: Geological Institute GEMINI Special Publication, 187 pp.Google Scholar
Dimitrijević, M. N., Dimitrijević, M. D., Karamata, S., Sudar, M., Gerzina, N., Kovács, S., Dosztály, L., Gulácsi, Z., Less, Gy. & Pelikán, P. 2003. Olistrotrome/mélanges – an overview of the problems and preliminary comparison of such formations in Yugoslavia and NE Hungary. Slovak Geological Magazine 9, 321.Google Scholar
Dragičević, I. & Velić, I. 2002. The northeastern margin of the Adriatic Carbonate Platform. Geologica Croatica 55, 185232.Google Scholar
Dufaure, P. 1958. Contribution a l'étude stratigraphique et micropaléontologique du Jurassique et du Néocomien, de l'Aquitaine a la Provence. Revue de Micropaléontologie I (2), 87115.Google Scholar
Faryad, S. W. 1999. Metamorphic evolution of the eastern part of the Western Carpathians, with emphasis on Meliata Unit. Excursion Guide. Acta Montanistica Slovaka 4, 148–69.Google Scholar
Ferrari, A. 1962. Brachiopodi giurassici dei dintori di Rovereto (Trentino). Giornale de Geologica, Series 2a 29 (1960/61), 91153.Google Scholar
Filipović, I., Jovanović, D., Sudar, M., Pelikán, P., Kovács, S., Less, Gy. & Hips, K. 2003. Comparison of the Variscan–Early Alpine evolution of the Jadar Block (NW Serbia) and ‘Bükkium’ (NE Hungary) terranes; some paleogeographic implications. Slovak Geological Magazine 9, 321.Google Scholar
Fodor, L., Márton, E., Jelen, B., Báldi-Beke, M., Kázmér, M., & Rifelj, H. 1999. Connection of the eastern Periadriatic and Mid-Hungarian zones and its implication to Paleogene paleogeography, Miocene extrusion tectonics. Tübinger Geowissenschaftliche Arbeiten Series A 52, 141–2.Google Scholar
Franke, A. 1936. Die Foraminiferen des deutschen Lias. Abhandlungen der Preussischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, Neue Folge 169, 138 pp.Google Scholar
Gawlick, H.-J, Frisch, W., Hoxha, L., Dumitrica, P., Krystyn, L., Lein, R., Missoni, S. & Schlagintweit, F. 2008. Mirdita Zone ophiolites and associated sediments in Albania reveal Neotethys Ocean origin. International Journal of Earth Sciences 97, 865–81.Google Scholar
Gawlick, H.-J., Sudar, M., Suzuki, H., Derić, N., Missoni, S., Lein, R. & Jovanović, D. 2009. Plate-tectonic Upper Triassic and Middle Jurassic radiolarians from the ophiolitic mélange of the Dinaridic Ophiolite Belt, SW Serbia. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 253, 293311.Google Scholar
Goričan, Š. 1994. Jurassic and Cretaceous radiolarian biostratigraphy and sedimentary evolution of the Budva Zone (Dinarides, Montenegro). Mémoires de Géologie (Lausanne) 18, 1120.Google Scholar
Goričan, Š., Karamata, S. & Batoćanin-Srećković, D. 1999. Upper Triassic (Carnian-Norian) radiolarians in cherts of Sjenica and the time span of the oceanic realm ancestor of the Dinaric Ophiolite Belt. Bulletin de l'Académie Serbe des Sciences et des Arts, CXIX Classe 39, 141–49.Google Scholar
Gušić, I. 1969. Some new and inadequately known Jurassic foraminifers from central Croatia. Geološki Vjesnik 22, 5588.Google Scholar
Gutnic, M. & Moullade, M. 1967. Données nouvelles sur le Jurassique et le Crétacé inférieur du Barla Dağ au sud de senirkent (Taurus de Pisidie, Turquie). Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration Institute Turkey 69, 6078.Google Scholar
Haas, J., Görög, Á., Kovács, S., Ozsvárt, P., Matyók, I. & Pelikán, P. 2006. Displaced Jurassic foreslope and basin deposits of Dinaridic origin in Northeast Hungary. Acta Geologica Hungarica 49, 125–63.Google Scholar
Haas, J. & Kovács, S. 2001. The Dinaridic–Alpine connection – as seen from Hungary. Acta Geologica Hungarica 44, 345–62.Google Scholar
Haas, J., Kovács, S., Karamata, S., Sudar, M., Gawlick, H.-J., Grădinaru, E., Mello, J., Polák, M., Péró, Cs., Ogorelec, B. & Buser, S. 2010. Jurassic environments in the Circum-Pannonian region. In Variscan and Alpine Terranes of the Circum-Pannonian Region (eds Vozár, J., Ebner, F., Vozarová, A., Haas, J., Kovács, S., Sudar, M., Bielik, M.. & Péró, Cs.), pp. 157202. Bratislava: Slovak Academy of Sciences, Geological Institute.Google Scholar
Haas, J., Kovács, S., Pelikán, P., Kövér, Sz., Görög, Á., Ozsvárt, P., Józsa, S. & Németh, N. 2011. A Neotethys-óceán akkréciós komplexumának maradványai Észak-Magyarországon. (Remnants of the accretionary complex of the Neotethys Ocean in Northern Hungary.) Földtani Közlöny 141, 412–66.Google Scholar
Haas, J., Mioč, P., Pamić, J., Tomljenović, B., Árkai, P., Bérczi-Makk, A., Koroknai, B., Kovács, S. & Rálisch-Felgenhauer, E. 2000. Complex structural pattern of the Alpine-Dinaridic-Pannonian triple junction. International Journal of Earth Sciences 89, 377–89.Google Scholar
Halamić, J., Goričan, Š., Slovenec, D. & Kolar-Jurkovšek, T. 1999. A Middle Jurassic radiolarite-clastic succession from the Medvednica Mt. (NW Croatia). Geologica Croatica 52, 2957.Google Scholar
Halamić, J., Marchig, V. & Goričan, Š. 2005. Jurassic radiolarian cherts in north-western Croatia: geochemistry, material provenance and depositional environment. Geologica Carpathica 5, 123–36.Google Scholar
Heinz, R. A. & Isenschmid, CH. 1988. Mikrofazielle und stratigraphische Untersuchungen im Massivkalk (Malm) der Préalpes médianes. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 81 (1), 162.Google Scholar
Henson, F. R. S. 1948. Foraminifera of the Genus Trocholina in the Middle East. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 14 (12), 445–59.Google Scholar
Hips, K. & Pelikán, P. 2002. Lower Triassic shallow marine succession in the Bükk Mountains, NE Hungary. Geologica Carpathica 53 (6), 351–67.Google Scholar
Karamata, S. 1985. Metamorphism in the contact aureole of Berzovica (Serbia, Yugoslavia) as a model of metamorphism beneath obducted hot ultramafic bodies. Bulletin de l'Académie Serbe des Sciences et des Arts, CXI, Classe des Sciences Mathématiques et Naturelles–Sciences Naturelles, Belgrade 26, 51–8.Google Scholar
Karamata, S. 2006. The geological development of the Balkan Peninsula related to the approach, collision and compression of Gondwanan and Eurasian units. In Tectonic Development of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (eds Robertson, A. H. F. & Mountrakis, D.), pp. 155–78. Geological Society of London, Special Publication no. 260.Google Scholar
Karamata, S., Dimitrijević, M. D., Dimitrijević, M. N. & Milovanović, D. 2000. A correlation of ophiolitic belts and oceanic realms of the Vardar Zone and the Dinarides. In Proceedings of the International Symposium ‘Geology and Metallogeny of the Dinarides and the Vardar Zone’ (eds Karamata, S. & Janković, S.), pp. 191204. The Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republic of Srpska, Department of Natural, Mathematical and Technical Sciences, Collections and Monographs I.Google Scholar
Kassimova, G. K. 1971. The stratigraphic importance of miliolids in the Jurassic deposits of Azerbaidzhan. Izvestiya Akademiya Nauk Azerbaydzhanskoy SSR, Seriya Nauk o Zemle 1971 (5–6), 39.Google Scholar
Kiss, G., Molnár, F., Kovács, S. & Palinkaš, L. A. 2010. Field characteristics and petrography of the advanced rifting-related Triassic submarine basaltic blocks in the Jurassic mélange of the Darnó Unit. Central European Geology, 53, 181204.Google Scholar
Kiss, G., Molnár, F. & Palinkaš, L. A. 2008. Volcanic facies and hydrothermal processes in Triassic pillow basalts from Darnó Unit, NE Hungary. Geologica Croatica 61, 385–94.Google Scholar
Koehn-Zaninetti, L. & Brönnimann, P. 1968. Triasina oberhauseri, n. sp., un Foraminifére nouveau de la Dolomie principale des Alpes Calcaires septentrionales (Autriche). Institut de Paléontologie, Université de Genève, 6 pp.Google Scholar
Kovács, I., Csontos, L., Szabó, Cs., Bali, E., Falus, Gy., Benedek, K. & Zajacz, Z. 2007. Paleogene–Early Miocene igneous rocks and geodynamics of the Alpine-Carpathian-Pannonian-Dinaric region: an integrated approach. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 418, 93112.Google Scholar
Kovács, S. & Haas, J. 2010. Displaced South Alpine and Dinaridic elements in the Mid-Hungarian Zone. Central European Geology 53, 135–64.Google Scholar
Kövér, Sz., Haas, J., Görög, Á., Józsa, S., Ozsvárt, P. & Götz, A. 2009. Lithofacies characteristics and new age data from the uppermost Triassic–Jurassic foreslope and basin sediments of Rudabánya Hills, NE Hungary. Geologica Carpathica 60, 351–79.Google Scholar
Kozur, H. 1984. New radiolarian taxa from the Triassic and Jurassic. Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck 13, 4988.Google Scholar
Kozur, H. & Mock, R. 1995. New biostratigraphic results in the Meliaticum of Slovakia, their tectonic and paleogeographic significance. Program and Abstracts, International Earth Science Colloquium on the Aegean Region 1995, Izmir, Turkey, 34–5.Google Scholar
Kozur, H., Mock, R. & Ožvoldová, L. 1996. New biostratigraphic results in the Meliaticum in its type area around Meliata village (Slovakia) and their tectonic and paleogeographic significance. Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck 21, 89121.Google Scholar
Lucas, G. 1939. Dictyoconus cayeuxi n. sp. foraminifère de grande taille de l'Aalénien de l'Oranie occidentale. Compte Rendu Sommaire de la Société géologique de la France 15, 353–5.Google Scholar
Matsuoka, A. 1984. Late Jurassic four-segmented nassellarians (Radiolaria) from Shikoku, Japan. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University 27, 143–53.Google Scholar
Missoni, S., Gawlick, H. J., Suzuki, H. & Diersche, V. 2005. Die paläogeographische Stellung des Watzmann Blockes in den Berchtesgadener Kalkalpen – Neuergebnisse auf der Basis der Analyse der Trias- und Jura-Entwicklung. Journal of Alpine Geology 47, 169209.Google Scholar
Mizutani, S. & Kido, S. 1983. Radiolarians in Middle Jurassic siliceous shale from Kamiaso, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan. Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, New series 132, 253–62.Google Scholar
Mock, R., Sýkora, M., Aubrecht, R., Ožvoldová, L., Kronome, B., Reichwalder, P. & Jablonský, J. 1998. Petrology and stratigraphy of the Meliaticum near the Meliata and Jaklovce Villages, Slovakia. Slovak Geological Magazine 4, 223–60.Google Scholar
Mohler, W. 1938. Mikropaläontologische Untersuchungen in nordschweizerischen Juraformation. Abhandlungen der Schweizerischen paläontologischen Gesellschaft 60, 153.Google Scholar
Oberhauser, R. 1957. Ein Vorkommen von Trocholina und Paratrocholina in der ostalpinen Trias. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesansalt, Wien 100 (2), 257–67.Google Scholar
Oberhauser, R. 1964. Zur Kenntnis der Foraminiferengattungen Permodiscus, Trocholina und Triasina in der alpinen Trias und ihre Einordnung zu den Archaedisciden. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 2, 196210.Google Scholar
O'Dogherty, L., Bill, M., Goričan, Š., Dumitrica, P. & Masson, H. 2005. Bathonian radiolarians from an ophiolitic mélange of the Alpine Tethys (Gets Nappe, Swiss-French Alps). Micropaleontology 51, 425–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ožvoldova, L. 1975. Upper Jurassic radiolarians from the Kisuca Series in the Klippen Belt. Zápádné Karpaty, Séria Paleontológia 1, 7386.Google Scholar
Pazdrowa, O. 1959. On the stratigraphic distribution of Miliolidae in the Middle Jurassic of Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica 9, 345–82.Google Scholar
Pamić, J. 1997. The northwesternmost outcrops of the Dinaridic ophiolites: a case study of Mt. Kalnik (North Croatia). Acta Geologica Hungarica 40 (1), 3756.Google Scholar
Pamić, J. 2003. The allochthonous fragments of the Internal Dinaridic units in the western part of the South Pannonian Basin. Acta Geologica Hungarica 46 (1), 4162.Google Scholar
Pamić, J., Tomljenović, B. & Balen, D. 2002. Geodynamic and petrogenetic evolution of Alpine ophiolites from the Central and NW Dinarides: An overview. Lithos 65, 113–42.Google Scholar
Pelikán, P. 1987. Section Lök-völgy 2. Felsőtárkány, Bükk Mts. Geological Key-sections of Hungary. Budapest: MÁFI, 5 pp (in Hungarian).Google Scholar
Pelikán, P. 2005. Mezozoikum. (Mezozoic). In A Bükk Hegység Földtana. Geology of the Bükk Mountains (eds Pelikán, P. & Budai, T.), pp. 4592. Budapest: MÁFI.Google Scholar
Pelikán, P. & Dosztály, L. 2000. Jurassic formations of the Bükkzsérc boreholes (SW Bükk Mts, NE Hungary) and their structural setting. Földtani Közlöny 130 (1), 2546.Google Scholar
Pessagno, E. A. 1977. Upper Jurassic Radiolaria and radiolarian biostratigraphy of the California Coast Ranges. Micropaleontology 23 (1), 56113.Google Scholar
Pessagno, E. A., Blome, C., Hull, D. M. & Six, W. M. 1993. Jurassic Radiolaria from the Josephine ophiolite and overlying strata, Smith River subterrane (Klamath Mountains), northwestern California and southwestern Oregon. Micropaleontology 39 (2), 93166.Google Scholar
Pfender, J. 1933. Sur un foraminifère nouveau du Bathonien des Montagnes d'Escreins (Haut-Alpes): Kilianina blancheti, gen, nov. n. sp. Annales de l’Université de Grenoble, Section Sciences-Médecine 10, 243–52.Google Scholar
Protić, L., Filipović, I., Pelikán, P., Jovanović, D., Kovács, S., Sudar, M., Hips, K., Less, Gy. & Cvijić, R. 2000. Correlation of the Carboniferous, Permian and Triassic sequences of the Jadar Block, Sana-Una and ‘Bükkium’ Terranes. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Geology and Metallogeny of the Dinarides and Vardar Zone (eds Karamata, S. & Janković, S.), pp. 61–9. Banja Luka.Google Scholar
Radoičič, R. 1966. Microfacies du Jurassique des Dinarides externes de la Yougoslavie. Geological Transactions and Reports 9 (9), 5377.Google Scholar
Radoičič, R. 1987. Spiraloconulus perconigi Allemann & Schroeder (Foraminifera) in some Jurassic series of Yugoslavia, Greece and Iraq. Geoloski Glasnik XII, 117–25.Google Scholar
Raffi, G. & Forti, A. 1959. Micropaleontological and stratigraphical investigations in ‘Montagna del Morrone’ (Abruzzi-Italy). Revue de Micropaléontologie 2 (1), 820.Google Scholar
Robertson, A., Karamata, S. & Šarić, K. 2009. Overview of ophiolites and related units in the Late Palaeozoic–Early Cenozoic magmatic and tectonic development of Tethys in the northern part of the Balkan region. Lithos 108, 136.Google Scholar
Robertson, A. & Sallo, M. 2000. Mesozoic-Tertiary tectonic evolution of Albania in its regional Eastern Mediterranean context. Tectonophysics 316, 197254.Google Scholar
Rožič, B. 2009. Perbla and Tolmin formations: revised Toarcian to Tithonian stratigraphy of the Tolmin Basin (NW Slovenia) and regional correlations. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France 180, 411–30.Google Scholar
Rožič, B. & Popit, T. 2006. Redeposited limestones in the Middle and Upper Jurassic successions of Slovenian basin. Geologija 49 (2), 219–34.Google Scholar
Ruggieri, G. & Giunta, G. 1965. Microfacies a spirilline nel Dogger dei dintorni di Trapani. Atti Societi Toscana Scienze Naturali, Sene A 72 (2), 399413.Google Scholar
Rüst, D. 1885. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der fossilen Radiolarien aus Gesteinen des Jura. Palaeontographica 31, 269321.Google Scholar
Sashida, K. 1988. Lower Jurassic multisegmented Nasselaria from the Itsukaichi area, western part of Tokyo Prefecture, central Japan. Science Reports of the Institute of Geosciences, University of Tsukuba, section B 9, 127.Google Scholar
Sashida, K., Munasri, S., Adachi, S. & Kamata, Y. 1999. Middle Jurassic radiolarian fauna from Rotti Island, Indonesia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 17, 561–72.Google Scholar
Schlumberger, C. 1898 Note sur Involutina conica n. sp.. Feuille des Jeunes Naturalistes 28 (1897–1898), 150–1.Google Scholar
Schmid, S. M., Bernoulli, D., Fügenschuh, B., Matenco, L., Schuster, R., Schefer, S., Tischler, M., & Ustaszewski, K. 2008. The Alpine-Carpathian-Dinaridic orogenic system: correlation and evolution of tectonic units. Swiss Journal of Geosciences 101, 139–83.Google Scholar
Schréter, Z. 1959. A Bükk-hegység tengeri eredetű permi képződményei. (Formations of marine origin of the Bükk Mountains.) Földtani Közlöny 89, 364–73.Google Scholar
Septfontaine, M. 1974. Présence de Protopeneroplis trochangulata sp. nov. (Foraminifère) dans Crétacé inférieur du Jura méridional et révision de Protopeneroplis Weynschenk, 1950. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 67 (3), 605–28.Google Scholar
Septfontaine, M. 1977. Niveaux a Foraminifères (Pfenderininae et Valvulininae) dans le Dogger des Préalapes médianes du Chablais occidental (Haute-Savoie, France). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 70, 599625.Google Scholar
Septfontaine, M. 1978. Présence d’Archaeosepta platierensis Wernli, 1970 dans le Jurassique briançonnais des Préalapes. Importance stratigraphique; relation avec le microfacies et la paléogéographie. Note du Laboratoire de Paléontologie de l'Université de Genève 1, 16.Google Scholar
Septfontaine, M. 1981. Les foraminifères imperforés des milieux de plate-forme au Mésozoique: détermination pratique, interprétation phylogénétique et utilisation biostratigraphique. Revue de Micropaléontologie 23 (3/4), 169203.Google Scholar
Sotak, J. 1987. Protopeneroplidae foraminifers from the lowermost Cretaceous of the Stramberk carbonate platform (Outer Western Carpathians). Geologica Carpathica 38, 631–67.Google Scholar
Spray, J. G., Bebien, J., Rex, D. C. & Roddick, J. C. 1984. Age constraints on the igneous and metamorphic evolution of the Hellenic-Dinaric ophiolites. In The Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean (eds Dixon, J. E. & Robertson, A. H. F.), pp. 619–27. Geological Society of London, Special Publication no. 17.Google Scholar
Stampfli, G. M., Borel, G. D., Cavazza, W., Mosar, J. & Ziegler, P. A. 2001. The Paleotectonic Atlas of the Peritethyan Domain, CD-ROM. European Geophysical Society.Google Scholar
Suzuki, H. & Gawlick, H. J. 2003. The Jurassic radiolarian zones of the Northern Calcareous Alps. In Beiträge zur Geologie des Salzkammerguts (eds Weidinger, J. T., Lobitzer, H. & Spitzbart, I.), pp. 115–22. Gmundner GeoStudien 2.Google Scholar
Suzuki, H. & Ogane, K. B. 2004. Paleoceanographic affinities of radiolarian faunas in late Aalenian time (Middle Jurassic) recorded in the Jurassic accretionary complex of Japan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 23, 343–57.Google Scholar
Terquem, M. O. & Berthelin, G. 1875. Étude microscopique des marnes du Lias moyen d'Essey-Les-Nancy, zone inférieure de l'assisi à Ammonites margaritatus. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France 10 (2), 1126.Google Scholar
Tišljar, J., Vlahović, I., Velić, I. & Sokač, B. 2002. Carbonate platform megafacies of the Jurassic and Cretaceous deposits of the Karst Dinarides. Geologia Croatica 55 (2), 139–70.Google Scholar
Velić, I. 2007. Stratigraphy and palaeobiogeography of Mesozoic benthic foraminifera of the Karst Dinarides (SE Europe). Geologica Croatica 60 (1), 1113.Google Scholar
Velledits, F. 2000. A Berva-völgytől a Hór-völgyig terjedő terület fejlődéstörténete a középső–felső triászban. (Evolution of the area from the Berva Valley to the Hór Valley in the Middle–Upper Triassic). Földtani Közlöny 130, 4793.Google Scholar
Vishnevskaya, V., Derić, N. & Zakariadze, G. S. 2009. New data on Mesozoic Radiolaria of Serbia and Bosnia and implications for age and evolution of oceanic volcanics of Central and Northern Balkanides. Lithos 108, 72105.Google Scholar
Wakita, K. 1988. Origin of chaotically mixed rock bodies in the Early Jurassic to Early Cretaceous sedimentary complex of the Mino terrane. Geological Survey of Japan Bulletin 39, 675757.Google Scholar
Wernli, R. 1970. Archaeosepta platierensis Wernli n. gen. n. sp., un nouveau foraminifère du Dogger du Jura méridional. Compte Rendus des Séances, SPHN Genève 5 (1), 8793.Google Scholar
Wernli, R. & Metzger, J. 1990. Callorbis minor, n.g., n.sp., un nouveau foraminifère des calcaires échinodermiques du Bajocien du Jura (France). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 83 (1), 163–75.Google Scholar
Weynschenk, R. 1950. Die Jura-Mikrofauna und -flora des Sonnwendgebirges (Tirol). Univ. Innsbruck, Austria. Schlern-Schriften 83, 132.Google Scholar
Widz, D. & De Wever, P. 1993. Nouveaux Nassellaires (Radiolaria) des radiolarites Jurassiques de la coupe de Szeligowy Potok (Zones de Klippes de Pieniny, Carpathes Occidentales, Pologne). Revue de Micropaléontologie 36 (1), 7791.Google Scholar
Yao, A. 1979. Radiolarian fauna from the Mino Belt in the northern part of the Inuyama Area, Central Japan, Part II: Nassellaria 1. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University 22, 2172.Google Scholar