Skip to main content
×
×
Home

A new species of Myotragus Bate, 1909 (Artiodactyla, Caprinae) from the Early Pliocene of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean)

  • PERE BOVER (a1) (a2), JOSEP QUINTANA (a3) and JOSEP ANTONI ALCOVER (a1) (a2)
Abstract

Myotragus palomboi n.sp. (Artiodactyla, Caprinae) is described from the Early Pliocene of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean). This species is the earliest representative of the Myotragus lineage known to date in the Balearic Islands. A metatarsal, and several teeth and postcranial remains were found in a karstic deposit located on the east coast of the island, near Caló den Rafelino (Manacor), together with remains of Hypolagus, two rodent species, an insectivore and several reptiles. The metatarsal and phalanges of the new bovid are short and robust and display a combination of characters only observed in Myotragus. The presence of a larger p2, a metatarsal robustness index lower than in M. pepgonellae (the earliest known species to date), together with the morphology of the incisors, all suggest that M. palomboi should be considered as the ancestor of M. pepgonellae. Short metapodials and the reduction of p2 displayed by M. palomboi could be linked to a first stage of evolution in insular conditions. The arrival of this bovid to the island of Mallorca probably took place during the Mediterranean Messinian Salinity Crisis (Late Miocene, 5.6–5.32 Ma ago). Although the relationship of the new taxon to other fossil caprines cannot be definitively established, it could be phylogenetically close to the Late Miocene European species Aragoral mudejar and Norbertia hellenica.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: perebover@imedea.uib-csic.es
References
Hide All
Abbazzi, L., Angelone, C., Arca, M., Barisone, G., Bedeti, C., Delfino, M., Kotsakis, T., Marcolini, F., Palombo, M. R., Pavia, M., Piras, P., Rook, L., Torre, D., Tuveri, C., Valli, A. M. F. & Wilkens, B. 2004. Plio-Pleistocene fossil vertebrates of Monte Tuttavista (Orosei, Eastern Sardinia, Italy), an overview. Rivista Italiana di Paleontogia e Stratigrafia 110, 603–28.
Abbazzi, L., Delfino, M., Gallai, G., Trebini, L. & Rook, L. 2008. New data on the vertebrate assemblage of Fiume Santo (North-West Sardinia, Italy), and overview on the late Miocene Tusco-Sardinian palaeobioprovince. Palaeontology 51, 425–51.
Adrover, R., Agustí, J., Moyà, S. & Pons, J. 1985. Nueva localidad de micromamíferos insulares del mioceno medio en las proximidades de San Lorenzo en la isla de Mallorca. Paleontologia i Evolució 18, 121–9.
Agustí, J. & Moyà-Solà, S. 1990. Neogene–Quaternary mammalian faunas of the Balearics. In International Symposium on Biogeographical aspects of insularity (ed. Azzaroli, A.), pp. 459–68. Atti dei Convegni Lincei 85.
Alcalá, L. & Morales, J. 1997. A primitive caprine from the Upper Vallesian of La Roma 2 (Alfambra, Teruel, Aragón, Spain). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris IIa 324, 947–53.
Alcalá, L., Morales, J. & Moyà-Solà, S. 1989–1990. El registro fósil neógeno de los bóvidos (Artiodactila, Mammalia) de España. Palentologia i Evolució 23, 6773.
Alcover, J. A. 1976. L'evolució de Myotragus Bate 1909 (Artiodactyla, Rupicaprini), un procés lligat al fenomen de la insularitat. Butlletí de la Institució Catalana d'Història Natural, Secció Geologia 1, 5994.
Alcover, J. A. 2008. The first Mallorcans: prehistoric colonization in the Western Mediterranean. Journal of World Prehistory 21, 1984.
Alcover, J. A., Moyà-Solà, S. & Pons-Moya, J. 1981. Les Quimeres del Passat. Els Vertebrats Fòssils del Plio-Quaternari de les Balears i Pitiüses. Palma: Edit. Moll, 260 pp.
Andrews, C. W. 1915. A description of the skull and skeleton of a peculiarly modified rupicaprine antilope (Myotragus balearicus Bate), with a notice of a new variety Myotragus balearicus var. major. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 206, 281305.
Azzaroli, A., Boccaletti, M., Delson, E., Moratti, G. & Torre, D. 1986. Chronological and paleogeographical background to the study of Orepithecus bambolii. Journal of Human Evolution 15, 533–40.
Bate, D. M. A. 1909. Preliminary note on a new artiodactyle from Mallorca Myotragus balearicus, gen. et sp. nov. Geological Magazine 6, 385–9.
Bizon, G., Bizon, J. J., Bourrouilh, R. & Massa, D. 1973. Présence aux iles Baléares (Méd. Occ.) de sédiments “messiniens” déposés dans une mer ouverte, à salinité normale. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris 277, 985–8.
Bover, P. & Alcover, J. A. 1999. The evolution and ontogeny of the dentition of Myotragus balearicus Bate, 1909 (Artiodactyla, Caprinae): evidence from new fossil data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 68, 401–28.
Bover, P. & Alcover, J. A. 2000. La identitat taxonòmica de Myotragus binigausensis Moyà-Solà i Pons-Moyà 1980. Endins 23, 83–8.
Bover, P. & Alcover, J. A. 2003. Understanding Late Quaternary extinctions: the case of Myotragus balearicus Bate 1909. Journal of Biogeography 30, 771–81.
Bover, P. & Alcover, J. A. 2005. A taxonomic approach to the insular caprines of the Gymnesic Islands (western Mediterranean Sea). Quaternaire 2, 213–20.
Bover, P., Fornós, J. J. & Alcover, J. A. 2005. Carpal bones, carpal fusions and footprints of Myotragus: clues for locomotion and behavior. In Proceedings of the International Symposium “Insular Vertebrate Evolution: the Palaentological Approach” (eds Alcover, J. A. & Bover, P.), pp. 59–72. Monografies de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears 12.
Bover, P., Quintana, J., Agustí, J., Bailon, S. & Alcover, J. A. 2007. Caló den Rafelino: an early Pliocene site in Mallorca, Western Mediterranean. In Libro de resúmenes del VII Simposio Internacional de Zoología, p. 119. Topes de Collantes (Sancti Spiritus, Cuba).
Clauzon, G., Suc, J.-P., Gautier, F., Berger, A. & Loutre, M. F. 1996. Alternate interpretation of the Messinian salinity crisis: controversy resolved? Geology 24, 363–6.
Dehaut, E. G. 1911. Animaux fossiles du Cap Figari. Matériaux pour servir à l'histoire zoologique et paléontologique des îles de Corse et de Sardaigne (Paris) 3, 53–9.
Fornós, J. J. 1998. Karst collapse phenomena in the Upper Miocene of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Western Mediterranean). Acta Geologica Hungarica 42, 237–50.
Gentry, A. W. 1992. The subfamilies and tribes of the family Bovidae. Mammalian Review 22, 132.
Gentry, A. W. & Hooker, J. J. 1988. The phylogeny of the Artiodactyla. In The phylogeny and classification of Tetrapods, Volume 2: Mammals (ed. Benton, M. J.), pp. 235–72. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Gentry, A. W., Rössner, G. E. & Heizmann, P. J. 1999. Suborder Ruminantia. In Land mammals of Europe (eds Rössner, G. E. & Heissig, K.), pp. 225–53. München: Verlag Dr Friederich Pfeil.
Gliozzi, E. & Malatesta, A. 1980. The Quaternary goat of Capo Figari (Northeastern Sardinia). Geologica Romana 19, 295347.
Gómez-Pujol, L., Balaguer, P. & Fornós, J. J. 2007. El litoral de Mallorca: síntesi geomòrfica. In Geomorfologia litoral: Migjorn i Llevant de Mallorca (eds Fornós, J. J., Ginés, J. & Gómez-Pujol, L.), pp. 39–59. Monografies de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears 15.
Gray, J. E. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. London Medical Repository 15, 296310.
Guerin, C. 1965. Gallogoral (nov.gen.) meneghinii (Rütimeyer, 1878). Un rupicaprine du Villafranchien d'Europe Occidentale. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon 11, 1353.
Hürzeler, J. 1983. Un alcélaphiné aberrant des “Lignites de Grosseto” en Toscane. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris III 296, 243–9.
Hürzeler, J. & Engesser, B. 1976. Les faunes de mammifères néogenes du Basin de Baccinello (Grosseto, Italia). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris 283, 333–6.
Köhler, M. 1987. Boviden des türkischen Miozäns (Känozoikum und Braunkohlen der Türkei). Paleontologia i Evolució 21, 133246.
Köhler, M. 1993. Skeleton and habitat of recent and fossil ruminants. Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen A 25, 188.
Köhler, M. & Moyà-Solà, S. 2001. Phalangeal adaptations in the fossil insular goat Myotragus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21, 621–4.
Köhler, M., Moyà-Solà, S. & Morales, J. 1995. The vertebrate locality Maramena (Macedonia, Greece) at the Turolian–Ruscinian boundary (Neogene). 15. Bovidae and Giraffidae (Artiodactyla, Mammalia). Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen A 28, 167–80.
Krijgsman, W., Hilgen, F. J., Raffi, I., Sierro, F. J. & Wilson, D. S. 1999. Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian salinity crisis. Nature 400, 652–5.
Lalueza-Fox, C., Castresana, J., Sampietro, L., Marqués-Bonet, T., Alcover, J. A., & Bertranpetit, J. 2005. Molecular dating of caprines using ancient DNA sequences of Myotragus balearicus, an extinct endemic Balearic mammal. BMC Evolutionary Biology 5, 70, doi:10.1186/1471-2148-5-70, 11 pp.
Leinders, J. J. M. 1979. On the osteology and function of the digits of some ruminants and their bearing on taxonomy. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 44, 305–18.
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, sinonimis, locis (Regnum animale), 10th ed. Holmiae: Laurentius Salvius, 824 pp.
Marcus, L. F. 1998. Variation in selected skeletal elements of the fossil remains of Myotragus balearicus, a Pleistocene bovid from Mallorca. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarium Hungaricae 44, 113–37.
Mead, J. I. & Taylor, L. H. 2005. New species of Sinocapra (Bovidae, Caprinae) from the Lower Pliocene Panaca Formation, Nevada, USA. Palaeontologia Electronica 8, 11A, 20 pp.
Mein, P. & Adrover, R. 1982. Une faunule de mammifères insulaires dans le Miocène Moyen de Majorque (Iles Baléars). Geobios, Mémoire spéciale 6, 451–63.
Moyà-Solà, S., Agustí, J. & Pons-Moyà, J. 1984. The Mio-Pliocene insular faunas from the West Mediterranean. Origin and distribution factors. Paleobiologie Continentale 14, 347–57.
Moyà-Solà, S., Köhler, M., Alba, D. & Pons-Moyà, J. 2007. El significado de Myotragus batei y M. binigasensis en la evolución del género Myotragus (Bovidae, Mammalia) en la islas Baleares. In Geomorfologia litoral i Quaternari. Homenatge a Joan Cuerda Barceló (eds Pons, G. X. & Vicens, D.), pp. 155–80. Monografies de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears 14.
Moyà-Solà, S., Pons-Moyà, J., Alcover, J. A. & Agustí, J. 1984. La fauna de vertebrados neógeno-cuaternaria de Eivissa (Pitiuses). Nota preliminar. Acta Geològica Hispànica 19, 33–5.
Moyà-Solà, S. & Pons-Moyà, J. 1980. Una nueva especie del género Myotragus Bate, 1909 (Mammalia, Bovidae) en la isla de Menorca: Myotragus binigausensis nov. sp. Implicaciones paleozoogeográficas. Endins 7, 3747.
Moyà-Solà, S. & Pons-Moyà, J. 1982. Myotragus pepgonellae nov. sp. un primitivo representante del género Myotragus Bate, 1909 (Bovidae, Mammalia) en la isla de Mallorca (Baleares). Acta Geològica Hispànica 12, 7787.
Moyà-Solà, S., Quintana, J., Alcover, J. A. & Köhler, M. 1999. Endemic island faunas of the Mediterranean Miocene. In Land mammals of Europe (eds Rössner, G. E. & Heissig, K.), pp. 435–42. München: Verlag Dr. Friederich Pfeil.
Owen, R. 1848. On the Archetype and Homologies of the Vertebrate Skeleton. London, UK: J. Van Voorst, 203 pp.
Palombo, M. R., Bover, P., Valli, A. M. F. & Alcover, J. A. 2006 a. The Plio-Pleistocene endemic bovids from the Western Mediterranean islands: knowledge, problems and perspectives. Hellenic Journal of Geosciences 41, 153–62.
Palombo, M. R., Valli, A. M. F., Arca, M. & Tuveri, C. 2006 b. A new bovid, Asoletragus gentryi n. gen. et n. sp., from Monte Tuttavista (Orosei, Eastern Sardinia, Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 112, 459–71.
Pomar, L., Rodríguez-Perea, A., Sabat, F. & Fornós, J. J. 1990. Neogene stratigraphy of Mallorca island. Paleontología i Evolució 2, 271320.
Pons-Moyà, J. 1990. Estratigrafía y fauna del yacimiento kárstico de Cala Morlanda (Manacor, Mallorca). Endins 16, 5962.
Quintana, J. & Agustí, J. 2007. Los mamíferos insulares del Mioceno medio y superior de Menorca (islas Baleares, Mediterráneo occidental). Geobios 40, 677–87.
Quintana, J., Bover, P., Alcover, J. A., Agustí, J. & Bailón, S. In press. Presence of Hypolagus Dice 1917 (Lagomorpha, Leporidae, Archaeolaginae) in the Neogene of the Balearic Islands (Western Mediterranean). Description of Hypolagus balearicus sp. nov. Geobios.
Ramírez, O., Gigli, E., Bover, P., Alcover, J. A., Bertranpetit, J., Castresana, J. & Lalueza-Fox, C. 2009. At the limits of paleogenomics: shotgun sequencing from an extinct Mediterranean caprine. PLoS ONE 4, e5670, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005670, 6 pp.
Robledo, P. & Pomar, L. 2000. Upper Miocene karst collapse structures of the East Coast, Mallorca, Spain. Acta Carsologica 29, 177–84.
Schaller, O. (ed.) 1992. Illustrated Veterinary Anatomical Nomenclature. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke Verlag, 516 pp.
Shindler, K. 2005. Discovering Dorothea: the life of pioneering fossil-hunter Dorothea Bate. London: Harper Collins, 390 pp.
Spoor, C. F. 1988. The limb bones of Myotragus balearicus Bate, 1909. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen B 91, 295308.
Van der Made, J. 1999. Biogeography and stratigraphy of the Mio-Pleistocene mammals of Sardinia and the description of some fossils. In Elephants have a snorkel! (eds Reumer, J. W. F. & de Vos, J.), pp. 337–60. Deinsea 7.
Van der Made, J. 2005. The fossil endemic goat Nesogoral cenisae n.sp. from Campidano, Sardinia. Cursorial adaptation in insular environment. In Proceedings of the International Symposium “Insular Vertebrate Evolution: the Palaentological Approach” (eds Alcover, J. A. & Bover, P.), pp. 347–68. Monografies de la Societat d'Història Natural de les Balears 12.
Vislobokova, I. A. 2006. Associations of ruminants in Miocene ecosystems of Eastern Alpine Region. Paleontological Journal 40, 438–47.
von den Driesch, A. 1976. A guide to the measurement of animal bones from archaeological sites. Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology Bulletin 1, 1117.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Bover Supplementary Material
Figure2.tif

 Unknown (5.0 MB)
5.0 MB
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Bover Supplementary Material
Figure5.tif

 Unknown (5.2 MB)
5.2 MB
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Bover Supplementary Material
Figure4.tif

 Unknown (8.9 MB)
8.9 MB
UNKNOWN
Supplementary materials

Bover Supplementary Material
Figure3.tif

 Unknown (4.6 MB)
4.6 MB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed