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Between Two Worlds: Europe in a Globalizing Era1

  • Anthony McGrew (a1)

Globalization – Simply The Growing Intensity, Extent And deepening impact of worldwide interconnectedness – poses anew the classic questions of political life, namely: who rules, by what means, in whose interests and to what purpose? This is not to suggest, as some do, that the forces of globalization are eclipsing sovereign states but it is to acknowledge that the necessary conditions for sovereign and democratic self-government are undergoing a significant transformation. This is especially evident in Europe where, at the great intersection of regionalism and globalism, a novel continental political order is crystallizing: not quite federalism in its orthodox form but clearly something more than classic intergovermentalism. Caught between two worlds – a Europe of nation-states and a Europe of Citizens to use Joschka Fischer's construction – the future political trajectory of the continent, in part, will depend upon how effectively regionalism mediates the dynamics of globalism and localism.

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This article was originally delivered as the Annual Lecture for the Centre for European Studies, Portsmouth University, October 2001. It has benefited from the advice and comments of the journal’s Editor and an anonymous reviewer.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H. Wallace , ‘Globalization and Europeanization: Complementary or Contradictory Trends?’, New Political Economy, 5:3 (2000)

D. McKay , Designing Europe, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001, p. 143.

G. Esping-Andersen , Social Foundations of Post-Industrial Economies, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999.

J. Rosenau , ‘Governance, Order and Change in World Politics’, in J. N. Rosenau and E.-O. Czempiel (eds), Governance without Government, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992.

W. E. Connolly , ‘Democracy and Territoriality’, Millennium, 20:3 (1991), pp. 463–84.

R. B. J. Walker , ‘On the Spatio-temporal Conditions of Democratic Practice’, Alternatives, 16:2 (1991), pp. 243–62

D. Thompson , ‘Democratie Theory and Global Society’, The Journal of Political Philosophy, 7:2 (1999), pp. 111–25

S. Gill , ‘Globalization, Market Civilization, and Disciplinary Neoliberalism’, Millennium, 24:3 (1995), pp. 399424.

J. Shaw , ‘Postnational Constitutionalism in the European Union’, in T. Christiansen , K. Jorgensen and H. Weiner (eds), The Social Construction of Europe, London, Sage, 2001, pp. 6684.

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Government and Opposition
  • ISSN: 0017-257X
  • EISSN: 1477-7053
  • URL: /core/journals/government-and-opposition
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