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Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 May 2016

Michael Klompas
Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Richard Branson
Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Ohio
Eric C. Eichenwald
Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas
Linda R. Greene
Highland Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center Affiliate, Rochester, New York
Michael D. Howell
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Grace Lee
Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Shelley S. Magill
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
Lisa L. Maragakis
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Gregory P. Priebe
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Kathleen Speck
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
Deborah S. Yokoe
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Sean M. Berenholtz
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland Department of Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
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Previously published guidelines are available that provide comprehensive recommendations for detecting and preventing healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). The intent of this document is to highlight practical recommendations in a concise format to assist acute care hospitals in implementing and prioritizing strategies to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and other ventilator-associated events (VAEs) and to improve outcomes for mechanically ventilated adults, children, and neonates. This document updates “Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals,” published in 2008. This expert guidance document is sponsored by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) and is the product of a collaborative effort led by SHEA, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Hospital Association (AHA), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), and The Joint Commission, with major contributions from representatives of a number of organizations and societies with content expertise. The list of endorsing and supporting organizations is presented in the introduction to the 2014 updates.

SHEA/IDSA Practice Recommendation
Copyright © The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America 2014


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