Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Biopolitics and the regulation of vulnerability: the case of the female trafficked migrant*

  • Sharron A. FitzGerald (a1)

Abstract

This article interrogates the connections between normativity and geographical space. Specifically it focuses on the biopolitical discourses that operate around the idiom of the vulnerable female trafficked migrant in the United Kingdom. The article’s structure and argument question how state parties frame the notion of female vulnerability as a distinct biopolitical category. I argue that this process produces and sustains the perceived need for biopolitical regulation of the national community. I question how the state’s regulation of the bodies and behaviours of female trafficked migrants is entangled with anti-immigration agendas that aim to extend the power of the state extra-territorially.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Biopolitics and the regulation of vulnerability: the case of the female trafficked migrant*
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Biopolitics and the regulation of vulnerability: the case of the female trafficked migrant*
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Biopolitics and the regulation of vulnerability: the case of the female trafficked migrant*
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Alcoff, Linda (1988) ‘Cultural Feminism versus Post-Structuralism: The Identity Crisis in Feminist Theory’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 13: 405–436.
Alcoff, Linda (1994) ‘A Philosophical Dialogue with “Dialogue with the Other”,’ Gender-Nature-Culture, (vol): 5–22.
Askola, Heli (2008) Legal Responses to Trafficking in Women for Sexual Exploitation in the European Union. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Augustin, Laura (2005) ‘Migrants in the Mistress’s House: Other Voices in the “Trafficking” Debate’, Social Politics, 12: 96–117.
Augustin, Laura (2007) Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry. London: Zed Books.
Barry, Kathleen (1979) Female Sexual Slavery. New York: Avon.
Barry, Kathleen (1995) The Prostitution of Sexuality. New York: New York University Press.
Beasley, Chris (1999) What is Feminism Anyway? Understanding Contemporary Feminist Thought. London: Allen and Unwin.
Benhabib, Seyla (2004) The Rights of Others: Aliens, Residents and Citizens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bottomley, Ann and Conaghan, Joanne (eds) (1993) Feminist Theory and Legal Strategy. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bridgeman, Jo and Millins, Sue (eds) (1995) Law and Body Politics. Aldershot: Dartmouth.
Buonfino, Alessandra (2004) ‘Between Unity and Plurality: The Politicisation and Securitisation of the Discourse of Immigration in Europe’, New Political Science 26: 23–44.
Butler, Judith (2005) Giving an Account of Oneself. New York: Fordham University Press.
Charlesworth, Hillary and Chinkin, Christine (2000) The Boundaries of International Law: A Feminist Analysis. Manchester: University of Manchester Press.
Cooper, Davina (2004) Challenging Diversity: Rethinking Equality and the Value of Difference. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cornell, Drucilla (1998) At the Heart of Freedom: Feminism, Sex and Equality. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Crenshaw, Kimberlé (1994) ‘Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women’ in Martha, Fineman and Roxanne, Mykitiuk (eds) The Public Nature of Private Violence. New York: Routledge, 93–118.
Crenshaw, Kimberlé, Gotanda, Neil, and Peller, Garry (eds) (1995) Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement. New York: New York University Press.
Cruz, Antonio (1994) Carriers Liability in the Member States of the European Union. Brussels: Churches Commission for Migrants in Europe, Paper 17.
Cunningham, David (2008) ‘Spacing Abstraction: Capitalism, Law and the Metropolis’, Griffith Law Review Special Issue: Invisible Laws, Invisible Cities, 17: 454–69.
Doezema, Jo (2005) ‘Now You See Her, Now You Don’t: Sex Workers at the UN Trafficking Protocol Negotiation’, Social & Legal Studies 14: 61–89.
Dustin, Moira and Phillips, Anne (2008) ‘Whose Agenda is it? Abuses of Women of “Culture” in Britain’, Ethnicities 8: 405–424.
Eisenstein, Zillah (2004) Against Empire: Feminisms, Racism and the West. Melbourne: Spinifex Press.
Fineman, Martha (2008) ‘The Vulnerable Subject: Anchoring Equality in the Human Condition’, Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 20: 8–40.
Fineman, Martha and Thomadsen, Nancy (eds) (1991) At The Boundaries of Law: Feminism and Legal Theory. New York: Routledge.
Fitzgerald, Sharron (2008) ‘Putting Trafficking on the Map: The Geography of Feminist Complicity’, in Vanessa, Munro and Mariana, Della Giusta (eds) Demanding Sex: Critical Reflections on the Regulation of Prostitution. Aldershot: Ashgate, 99–120.
Fitzgerald, Sharron (2009) ‘The Female Diaspora: Interrogating the Female Trafficked Migrant’, in Amita, Dhanda and Archana, Parashar (eds) Decolonisation of Legal Knowledge. New Delhi: Routledge, 127–51.
Fletcher, Ruth (2005) ‘Reproducing Irishness: Race, Gender and Abortion Law’, Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 17: 365–404.
Foucault, Michel (2003) Society Must Be Defended: Lectures at the Collège de France 1975–1976. London: Penguin Books.
Foucault, Michel (2009) Security, Territory, Population: Lectures at the Collège de France 1977–1978. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Fraser, Nancy (2007) Scales of Justice: Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World. Oxford: Polity Press.
Gilbert, Emily (2007) ‘Leaky Borders and Solid Citizens: Governing Security, Prosperity and Quality of Life in a North American Partnership’, Antipode 39: 77–98.
Goodey, Jo (2002) ‘Whose Insecurity? Organised Crime, its Victims and the EU’, in Crawford, A. (ed.) Crime, Insecurity and Safety in the New Governance. Cullompton: Willan Publishing, 135–58.
Grabham, Emily and Hunter, Rosemary (2008) ‘Encountering Human Rights: Gender/Sexuality, Activism and the Promise of Law’, Feminist Legal Studies, 16(1): 1–7.
Hannah, Matthew (2001) ‘Sampling and the Politics of Representation in the US Census 2000’, Annals of the Association of American Geographers 19: 515–34.
Henderson, Tony (1999) Disorderly Women in Eighteenth-Century London: Prostitution and Control in the Metropolis 1730–1830. London: Pearson.
Home office, (2002) Secure Borders, Safe Haven: Integration and Diversity in Modern Britain. London: HMSO.
Home office and scottish executive, (2006) UK Action Plan on Tackling Human Trafficking. London: HMSO.
Honig, Bonnie (2001) Democracy and the Foreigner. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hubbard, Phillip, Matthews, Roger and Scoular, Jane (2008) ‘Regulating Sex Work in the EU: Prostitute Women and the New Spaces of Exclusion’, Gender, Place and Culture 15(2): 137–52.
Hughes, Donna (2002) Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation: The Case of the Russian Federation. Geneva: IOM.
Huysmans, Jef (2006) The Politics of Insecurity: Fear, Migration and Asylum in the EU. London: Routledge.
Hyndman, Jennifer (2000) Managing Displacement: Refugees and the Politics of Humanitarianism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Kapur, Ratna (2005) Erotic Justice: Law and the New Politics of Postcolonialism. London: Glasshouse Press.
Kempadoo, Kamala (ed.) (1999) Sun, Sex, and Gold: Tourism and Sex Work in the Caribbean. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Kofman, Eleonore (2005) ‘Citizenship, Migration and the Reassertion of National Identity’, Citizenship Studies 9: 453–67.
Kumar, Satish (2005) ‘“Oriental Sore” or “Public Nuisance”: The Regulation of Prostitution in Colonial India, 1865–1889’, in Lindsey, Proudfoot and Mike, Roche (eds) Displacing Empire: Renegotiating British Colonial Geographies. Aldershot: Ashgate, 155–73.
Lacey, Nicola (1998) Unspeakable Subjects: Feminist Essays in Legal and Social Theory. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Legg, Stephen (2005) ‘Foucault’s Population Geographies: Classification, Biopolitics and Governmental Spaces’, Population, Space and Place 11: 137–56.
Legg, Stephen (2009) ’Of Scales, Networks and Assemblages: The League of Nations Apparatus and the Scalar Sovereignty of the Government of India’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers NS 34(2): 234–53.
Mackinnon, Margaret (1989) Towards a Feminist Theory of the State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mackinnon, Margaret (2006) Are Women Human and Other International Dialogues. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mcnevin, Anne (2007) ‘Irregular Migrants, Neoliberal Geographies and Spatial Frontiers of “The Political”’, Review of International Studies 33: 655–74.
Miller, Alice (2004) ‘Sexuality, Violence Against Women, and Human Rights: Women Make Demands and Ladies Get Protection’, Health and Human Rights 17: 16–47.
Moutz, Alison (2004) ‘Embodying the Nation-State: Canada’s Response to Human Smuggling’, Political Geography 23: 323–45.
Munro, Vanessa (2005) ‘A Tale of Two Servitudes: A Domestic Response to Trafficking of Women for Prostitution in the UK and Australia’, Social and Legal Studies 14: 91–114.
Munro, Vanessa and Della, giusta Marina (eds) (2008) Critical Perspectives on Prostitution. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Nagar, Richa, Lawson, Victoria, Mcdowell, Linda and Hanson, Susan (2002) ‘Locating Globalisation: Feminist (Re)Readings of the Subjects and Spaces of Globalisation’, Economic Geography 78(3): 257–84.
Nicholson, Frances (1997) ‘Implementation of the Immigration (Carrier Liability) Act 1987: Privatising Immigration Functions at the Expense of International Obligations’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly 46: 586–634.
Nussbaum, Martha (1999) Sex and Social Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pateman, Carol (1988) The Sexual Contract. Oxford: Polity Press.
Perrons, Dianne (2004) Globalization and Social Change. London: Routledge.
Phillips, Anne (2007) Multiculturalism without Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Phillips, Richard (2006) Sex, Politics and Empire: A Postcolonial Geography. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Philo, Chris (2000) ‘The Birth of the Clinic: An Unknown Work of Medical Geography’, Area 32: 11–19.
Riaño, Yvonne and Wastl-walter, Doris (2006) ‘Immigration Policies, State Discourses on Foreigners, and the Politics of Identity in Switzerland’, Environment and Planning A 38: 1693–713.
Rose, Nikolas and Osborne, Thomas (2004) ‘Spatial Phenomenotechnic: Making Space with Charles Booth and Patrick Geddes’, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 22: 209–228.
Russell, Jim (2005) ‘Rethinking Post-National Citizenship: The Relationship between State Territory and International Human Rights Law’, Space and Polity 9(1): 29–39.
Samers, Michael (2000) ‘An Emerging Geopolitics of “Illegal” Immigration in the European Union’, European Journal of Migration and Law 6: 27–45.
Sanders, Teela and Campbell, Rosie (2007) ‘Designing Out Vulnerability, Building Respect: Violence, Safety and Sex Work Policy’, British Journal of Sociology 1: 1–18.
Schuster, Lisa and Solomos, John (2004) ‘Race, Immigration and Asylum: New Labour’s Agenda and its Consequences’, Ethnicities 4: 267–87.
Scoular, Jane (2004) ‘The “Subject” of Prostitution: Interpreting the Discursive, Symbolic and Material Position of Sex/Work in Feminist Theory’, Feminist Theory 5: 343–55.
Scoular, Jane and O’neill, Maggie (2007) ‘Regulating Prostitution: Social Inclusion, Responsibilization and the Politics of Prostitution Reform’, British Journal of Criminology, 47: 764–78.
Silvey, Rachel (2006) ‘Geographies of Gender and Migration: Spatialising Social Difference’, International Migration Review, 40: 64–81.
Smart, Carol (1989) Feminism and the Power of Law. London: Routledge.
Smith, Dorothy (1999) Writing the Social: Critique, Theory and Investigations. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Staeheli, Lynn, Kofman, Eleonore and Peake, Linda J. (eds) (2004) Mapping Women, Making Politics: Feminist Perspectives on Political Geography. London: Routledge.
Sullivan, Barbara (2003) ‘Trafficking in Women’, International Feminist Journal of Politics, 5(1), 67–91.
Sullivan, Barbara (2010) ‘Trafficking in Human Beings’, in Laura, Sheppard (ed.) Gender Matters in Global Politics. London: Routledge, 89–102.
Wallach-scott, Joan (1999) Gender and the Politics of History. New York: Columbia University Press.
Walton-roberts, Margaret (2004), ‘Rescaling Citizenship: Gendering Canadian Immigration Policy’, Political Geography 23: 267–81.
Young, Iris Marion (1990) Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Young, Jock (2003) ‘To These Wet and Windy Shores: Recent Immigration Policy in the UK’, Punishment Society 5: 449–62.
yuval-davis, Nira, anthias, Floya and kofman, Eleonore (2005) ‘Secure Border and Safe Haven and the Gendered Politics of Belonging: Beyond Social Cohesion’, Ethnic and Racial Studies 28(3): 513–35.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Biopolitics and the regulation of vulnerability: the case of the female trafficked migrant*

  • Sharron A. FitzGerald (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.