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RECENTLY DISCOVERED NEO-ASSYRIAN ROYAL INSCRIPTIONS FROM THE REVIEW PALACE AND NERGAL GATE OF NINEVEH 1

  • Ali. Y. Al-Juboori
Abstract

Between 1987 and 1992, Iraqi archaeologists under the direction of the local Inspectorate of Antiquities undertook excavations at Nineveh. In particular, they excavated east of the mosque located on the smaller mound of Nebi Yunus and at the Nergal Gate, the middle gate of the northern city wall. At the Nergal Gate, an inscription of Sennacherib was found on two bull colossi and two paving stones. At Nebi Yunus, a few inscribed clay and stone objects were discovered in the ruins of the armoury, the so-called “Rear Palace” (or “Review Palace”). These included a slab of Ashurnaṣirpal II, a prism fragment of Esarhaddon, two human-headed winged bull colossi of Esarhaddon, a winged-bull of Ashurbanipal, and an unsculpted wall slab of Ashurbanipal. Then, after east Mosul was liberated from ISIS/Daʾesh occupation in early 2017, seven further inscriptions of Esarhaddon were discovered in looters’ tunnels under the destroyed mosque. All of those inscriptions are edited here.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Prof. Dr. Ali Yaseen Al-Juboori, College of Archaeology, Mosul University, Iraq ali_aljuboori@yahoo.com
Footnotes
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1

The excavations at Nineveh during this period have not yet been published, due in part to the circumstances prevailing in the area. It is therefore difficult to provide permitted images of any of the excavated objects apart from the cuneiform copies provided here. For this reason I would like to take the opportunity to contribute to any future excavation reports by providing information gleaned from the reading of the inscriptions in this article. The photographs from the 1990 Nebi Yunus excavations are reproduced by courtesy of Steven Beverly. I would also like to thank Dr Amir A. Al-Jumaily, Layla Salih, Al-Iraqia TV Channel, and Eleanor Robson for the images of the Nebi Yunus tunnels. I am grateful to Julian Reade for his kind help in correcting the English text and to Jamie Novotny for his comments.

Footnotes
References
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Ahmad, A. Y. 1998. “Ashurbanipal's Restoration of Nabu's Temple at Nineveh”. Sumer 49: 104106.
Ahmad, A. Y. and Grayson, A. K. 1999. “Sennacherib in the Akītu House”. Iraq 61: 187189.
Fales, F. M. and Postgate, J. N. 1992. Imperial Administrative Records, Part I (State Archives of Assyria, 7), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press.
Fales, F. M. and Postgate, J. N. 1995. Imperial Administrative Records, Part II (State Archives of Assyria, 7), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press.
Frahm, E. 2000. “Die Akītu-Häuser von Ninive”. NABU 2000/4, 7579, no. 66.
Grayson, A. K. 1991. Assyrian Rulers of the Early First Millennium B.C., Part I (1114–859 B.C.) (Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Assyria, 2). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Grayson, A. K. and Novotny, J. 2014. The Royal Inscriptions of Sennacherib, King of Assyria (Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period, 3/1–2), Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
Kertai, D. 2015. The Architecture of Late Assyrian Royal Palaces. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Leichty, E. 2011. The Royal Inscriptions of Esarhaddon, King of Assyria (Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period, 4), Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns.
Reade, J. E. 2017. “The Assyrian Palace at Nabi Yunus, Nineveh”, in Heffron, Y., Stone, A. and Worthington, M. (eds.), At the Dawn of History: Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honour of J.N. Postgate. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, pp. 431458.
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IRAQ
  • ISSN: 0021-0889
  • EISSN: 2053-4744
  • URL: /core/journals/iraq
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