This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
A. Adsera (2005) Vanishing children: from high unemployment to low fertility in developed countries. American Economic Review 95(2), 189–193.
A. Adsera (2006) An economic analysis of the gap between desired and actual fertility: the case of Spain. Review of Economics of the Household 4(1), 75–95.
C. Amuedo-Dorantes & J. Kimmel (2005) The motherhood wage gap for women in the United States: the importance of college and fertility delay? Review of Economics of the Household 3(1), 17–48.
G. Andersson , M. Rønsen , L. B. Knudsen , T. Lappegård , G. Neyer , K. Skrede et al. (2009) Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries. Demographic Research 20, 313–352.
C. Bradatan & G. Firebaugh (2007) History, population policies, and fertility decline in Eastern Europe. A case study. Journal of Family History 32(2).
J. C. Caldwell , P. Caldwell & P. McDonald (2002) Policy responses to low fertility and its consequences: a global survey. Journal of Population Research 19(1), 1–24.
D. Del Boca (2002) The effect of child care and part time opportunities on participation and fertility decisions in Italy. Journal of Population Economics 15(3), 549–573.
T. Frejka , T. Sobotka , J. Hoem & L. Toulemon (2008) Summary and general conclusions: childbearing trends and policies in Europe. Demographic Research 19(2), 5–14.
T. Frejka & G. Calot (2001) Cohort reproductive patterns in the Nordic countries. Demographic Research 5(5), 125–186.
J. Knodel (1987) Starting, stopping, and spacing during the early stages of fertility transition: the experience of German village populations in the 18th and 19th centuries. Demography 24(2), 143–162.
H-P. Kohler , F. C. Billari & J. A. Ortega (2002) The emergence of lowest-low fertility in Europe during the 1990s. Population and Development Review 28(4), 641–680.
H-P. Kohler & J. A. Ortega (2002) Tempo-adjusted period parity progression measures: assessing the implications of delayed childbearing for cohort fertility in Sweden, the Netherlands and Spain. Demographic Research 6(7), 145–190.
M. Kreyenfeld (2003) Crisis or adaptation – reconsidered: a comparison of East and West German fertility patterns in the first six years after the ‘Wende’. European Journal of Population 19(3), 303–329.
R. Lesthaeghe & P. Willems (1999) Is low fertility a temporary phenomenon in the European Union? Population and Development Review 25(2), 211–228.
D. Loughran & J. Zissimopoulos (2009) Why wait? The effect of marriage and childbearing on the wages of men and women. Journal of Human Resources 44(2), 326–349.
M. Mills , K. Begall , L. Mencarini & M. Tanturri (2008) Gender equity and fertility intentions in Italy and the Netherlands. Demographic Research 18(1), 1–26.
M. Myrskylä , J. Goldstein & A. Cheng (2013) New cohort fertility forecasts for the developed world: rises, falls, and reversals. Population and Development Review 39(1), 31–56.
M. Rønsen (2004) Fertility and family policy in Norway – a reflection on trends and possible connections. Demographic Research 10(10), 265–286.
M. Rønsen & K. Skrede (2010) Can public policies sustain fertility in the Nordic countries? Lessons from the past and questions for the future. Demographic Research 22(13), 321–346.
M. J. Shanahan (2000) Pathways to adulthood in changing societies: variability and mechanisms in life course perspective. Annual Review of Sociology 26, 667–692.
L. Toulemon , A. Pailhe & C. Rossier (2008) France: high and stable fertility. Demographic Research 19(16), 503–556.