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Information Processing Deficits Associated with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Meta-analysis of Research Findings

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 September 1998

Peter H. Wilson
Affiliation:
La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, Australia
Beryl E. McKenzie
Affiliation:
La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, Australia
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Abstract

A meta-analysis was conducted to identify information processing factors that characterise children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). A total of 50 studies yielded 374 effect sizes based on 983 DCD and 987 control children. A mild generalised performance deficit was indicated, since motor-impaired children were inferior on almost all measures of information processing. There were, however, several areas where their deficiencies were more pronounced. The greatest deficiency was in visual-spatial processing. This was evident regardless of whether or not the tasks involved a motor component. Most other deficiencies were in the small-to-moderate range and included kinaesthetic and cross-modal processing. The findings support the notion that perceptual problems, particularly in the visual modality, are associated with difficulties in motor coordination.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1998 Association for Child Psychology and Psychiatry

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