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Adolescent Body Image Dissatisfaction: Relationships with Self-esteem, Anxiety, and Depression Controlling for Body Mass

  • Marion Kostanski (a1) and Eleonora Gullone (a2)
    • Published online: 01 February 1998

The current study examined the relationships of anxiety, depression, and self-esteem with Perceived Body Image Dissatisfaction (PBID) in a nonclinical population of 516 adolescents, aged 12 to 18. The prevalence of PBID was comparative with previous findings. Interestingly, actual body mass and psychological well-being variables were found to be significantly related with PBID, whilst being independent of each other. Findings support proposals that PBID arises from a complex interplay of factors, including gender, self-esteem, and actual body mass. In particular, our findings highlight the need for future research of a prospective nature incorporating psychological, sociocultural, and maturational factors.

Abbreviations: BMI: Body Mass Index; EAT-26: Eating Attitudes Test; EDI-2: Eating Disorder Inventory; FRS: Figure Rating Scale; PBID: Perceived Body Image Dissatisfaction; RADS: Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale; RCMAS: Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale; RSES: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

Corresponding author
Requests for reprints to: Marion Kostanski, Department of Psychology, Victoria University of Technology, PO Box 14428, MCMC, Melbourne, 8001 Australia. (E-mail:
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The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
  • ISSN: 0021-9630
  • EISSN: 1469-7610
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry-and-allied-disciplines
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