Hostname: page-component-8448b6f56d-cfpbc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-17T18:43:44.064Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Fatty acid profiles of milk and Minas frescal cheese from lactating grazed cows supplemented with peanut cake

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 November 2015

Weiler Giacomazza Cerutti
Affiliation:
Departmento de Zootecnia, University of Bahia Santa Maria, Brazil
Julio Viegas
Affiliation:
Departmento de Zootecnia, University of Bahia Santa Maria, Brazil
Analívia Martins Barbosa
Affiliation:
School of Veterinary and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia 40170110, Brazil
Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira*
Affiliation:
School of Veterinary and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia 40170110, Brazil
Carina Anunciação Dias
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Reconcavo Baiano, Cruz das Almas, Bahia 44380000, Brazil
Emellinne Souza Costa
Affiliation:
School of Veterinary and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia 40170110, Brazil
José Laerte Nornberg
Affiliation:
Departmento de Zootecnia, University of Bahia Santa Maria, Brazil
Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho
Affiliation:
School of Veterinary and Animal Science, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia 40170110, Brazil
Leilson Rocha Bezerra
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Piaui, Bom Jesus, Piaui 6490000, Brazil
Alisson Minozzo Silveira
Affiliation:
Departmento de Zootecnia, University of Bahia Santa Maria, Brazil
*
*For correspondence; e-mail: ronaldooliveira@ufba.edu.br

Abstract

Milk and Minas frescal cheese were evaluated from crossbred Holstein × Gir cows that were fed diets enriched with 0, 33, 66 and 100% inclusion levels of palm kernel cake in a concentrated supplement in replace of soybean meal. Eight crossbred lactating cows were distributed (four animals × four treatments × four periods) in the experimental design of double 4 × 4 Latin squares. The capric (C : 10, P = 0·0270), undecylic (C : 11, P = 0·0134), and lauric (C : 12, P = 0·0342) saturated fatty acid concentrations and CLA (C18 : 2c9t11, P = 0·0164) of the milk fat decreased linearly with an increasing percentage of peanut cake in the diet. The increased peanut cake content (100%) in the diet was associated with a linear decrease in C : 10 (P = 0·0447), C : 12 (P = 0·0002), mirystic (C : 14, P < 0·0001) and palmitic (C : 16, P < 0·0001) saturated fatty acid concentrations and an increase in arachidic, lignoceric, palmitoleic and elaidic acid levels in the Minas frescal cheese fat made from the milk. Both the milk and the Minas frescal cheese showed a linear decrease in the concentration of monosaturated fatty acids (P < 0·0001), atherogenicity index, and thrombogenicity index (P < 0·05), while the hypocholesterolaemic: hypercholesterolaemic and omega 6: omega 3 (P > 0·05) ratios were not influenced by the different peanut cake levels. The inclusion of up to 100% peanut cake as a substitution for soybean meal in the concentrate of grazing lactating cows resulted in changes in the nutritional quality of their milk products, as indicated by the increase in polyunsaturated fatty acids and the decrease of saturated fatty acids (lauric, myristic, and palmitic).

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Proprietors of Journal of Dairy Research 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Abdalla, AL, Silva Filho, JC, Godoi, AR, Carmo, CA & Eduardo, JLP 2008 Utilization of biodiesel industry by-products in ruminants feed. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science 37 260268Google Scholar
Akbaridoust, G, Plozza, T, Trenerry, VC, Wales, WJ, Auldist, MJ & Ajlouni, S 2015 Influence of pasture-based feeding systems on fatty acids, organic acids and volatile organic flavour compounds in yoghurt. Journal of Dairy Research 82 279286CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
AOAC 1990 Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 12th ed.Arlington, VA, USA: Association of Official Analytical ChemistsGoogle Scholar
AOAC 1995 Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 16th ed.WC, USA: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.Google Scholar
AOAC 2002 Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemistry, 15th ed.Arlington, VA, USA: Association of Official Analytical Chemistry.Google Scholar
Baggio, SR & Bragagnolo, N 2007 Formation of cholesterol oxides and modification of fatty acids in meat products. Revista Instituto Adolfo Lutz 66 1017Google Scholar
Benninghoff, J, Metzger-Petersen, K, Tröscher, AH & Südekum, K 2015 Does trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid affect the intermediary glucose and energy expenditure of dairy cows due to repartitioning of milk component synthesis? Journal of Dairy Research 82 19CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Bligh, EG & Dyer, WJ 1959 A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Physiology 37 911917CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Correia, BR, Oliveira, RL, Jaeger, SMPL, Bagaldo, AR, Carvalho, GGP, Oliveira, GJC, Lima, FHS & Oliveira, PA 2011 Intake, digestibility and ruminal pH of steers fed diets with pies coming from the production from biodiesel to replacement soybean meal]. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 63 356363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Costa, EIS, de Carvalho, GGP, Pires, AJV, Dias, CASD, Cerutti, WG, Oliveira, RL, Barbosa, AM & Maranhao, CMA 2015 Feeding behavior and responses in grazing lactating cows supplemented with peanut cake. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia 44 138145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Demeyer, D & Doreau, M 1999 Targets and procedures for altering ruminant meat and milk lipids. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 58 593607CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Detmann, E, Souza, MA & Valadares Filho, SC 2012 Methods for Food Analysis, 1th ed. Minas Gerais, Brazil: INCT – Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia de Ciência AnimalGoogle Scholar
Dhiman, TR, Helmink, ED, MCMahon, DJ, Fife, RL & Pariza, MW 1999 Conjugated linoleic acid content of milk and cheese from cows fed extruded oilseeds. Journal of Dairy Science 82 412419CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gonzaga Neto, S, Oliveira, RL, Lima, FHS, Medeiros, AN, Bezerra, LR, Viégas, J, Nascimento Júnior, NG & Freitas Neto, MD 2015 Milk production, intake, digestion, blood parameters, and ingestive behavior of cows supplemented with by-products from the biodiesel industry. Tropical Animal Health and Production 47 191200CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grummer, RR 1991 Effect of feed on the composition of milk fat. Journal of Dairy Science 74 32443257CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hartman, L & Lago, RAC 1973 Rapid preparation of fatty acid methyl esters from lipids. Laboratory Practice 22 475476Google ScholarPubMed
Hussein, M, Harvatine, KH, Weerasinghe, WMPB, Sinclair, LA & Bauman, DE 2015 Conjugated linoleic acid-induced milk fat depression in lactating ewes is accompanied by reduced expression of mammary genes involved in lipid synthesis. Journal of Dairy Science 96 38253834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Inzucchi, SE, Zinman, B, Wanner, C, Ferrari, R, Fitchett, D, Hantel, S, Espadero, R, Woerle, H, Broedl, UC & Johansen, OE 2015 Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research 12 90100Google Scholar
Mills, S, Ross, R, Hill, C, Fitzgerald, G & Stanton, C 2011 Milk intelligence: mining milk for bioactive substances associated with human health. International Dairy Journal 21 377401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
National Research Council 2001 Nutrients Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 7th ed. Washington, DC, USA: National Academy of SciencesGoogle Scholar
Oliveira, RL, Ladeira, MM, Barbosa, MAAF, Matsushita, M, Santos, GT, Bagaldo, AR & Oliveira, RL 2009 Chemical composition and fatty acids profile in milk and mozzarella cheese of water buffalo fed different lipid sources. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia 61 736744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Oliveira, RL, Ribeiro, OL, Bagaldo, AR, Lima, LS, Borja, MS, Correia, BR, Costa, JB & Leão, AG 2011 Palm kernel cake from biodiesel production on Massai grass ensilage. Revista Brasileira de Saude e Produção Animal 12 881892Google Scholar
Oliveira, RL, Ribeiro, OL, Leão, AG, Carvalho, GGP, Ferreira, AC, Pinto, LFB & Pereira, ES 2013 Palm kernel cake for lactating cows in pasture: intake, digestibility, and blood parameters. Italian Journal of Animal Science 12 257264Google Scholar
Oliveira, RL, Faria, MM, Silva, R, Bezerra, LR, de Carvalho, GGP, Pinheiro, A, Simionato, J & Leão, AG 2015a Fatty acid profile of milk and cheese from dairy cows supplemented a diet with palm kernel cake. Molecules 20 1543415448CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Oliveira, RL, Palmieri, AD, Carvalho, ST, Leão, AG, Abreu, CL, Ribeiro, CVM, Pereira, ES, de Carvalho, GGP & Bezerra, LR 2015b Commercial cuts and chemical and sensory attributes of meat from crossbred Boer goats fed sunflower cake-based diets. Animal Science Journal 86 557562CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Palmquist, DL 2001 Ruminal and endogenous synthesis of CLA in cows. Australian Journal Dairy Technology 56 134137Google Scholar
Palmquist, DL & Jenkins, TC 1980 Fat in lactation rations: review. Journal of Dairy Science 63 114CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Parodi, PW 2016 Dietary guidelines for saturated fatty acids are not supported by the evidence. International Dairy Journal 52 115123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pereira, ES, Pimentel, PG, Bomfim, MAD, Carneiro, MSS & Cândido, MJD 2011. Sunflower cake in the ration of dairy cows: microbial production, production, composition and fatty acid profile of milk. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences 33 387394Google Scholar
Santos-Silva, J, Bessa, RJB & Santos-Silva, F 2002 Effect of genotype, feeding system and slaughter weight on the quality of light lambs: II. Fatty acid composition of meat. Livestock Production Science 77 187194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SAS 2014 SAS/STAT® 6·2 User's Guide. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute IncGoogle Scholar
Silva, FT 2005 Minas Frescal Cheese, 1 ed.Brasília, DF: Embrapa. Informação Tecnológica, 50 pGoogle Scholar
Silva, RLNV, Oliveira, RL, Carvalho, GGP, Ribeiro, OL, Leão, AG, Faria, MMS & Ledo, CAS 2012 Ruminal degradability and energy balance of dairy cows on pasture subjected to concentrate supplementation with palm kernel cake. Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal 13 503515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Silva, TM, Medeiros, NA, Oliveira, RL, Gonzaga Neto, S, Ribeiro, MD, Bagaldo, AR & Ribeiro, OL 2015 Peanut cake as substitute for soybean meal in the diet of goats. Journal of Animal Science 93 29983005CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sniffen, CJ, O'connor, JD, Van Soest, PJ, Fox, DG & Russel, LJB 1992 A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets. II. Carbohydrate and protein availability. Journal of Animal Science 70 35623577CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Van Soest, PJ, Robertson, JB & Lewis, BA 1991 Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 4 35833597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ulbrich, TLV & Southgate, DTA 1991 Coronary heart disease: seven dietary factors. Lancet 338 985992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WHOQL (World Health Organization Quality of Life) 1995 WHOQL assessment: position paper from the World Health Organization. Social Science and Medicine 10 14031409Google Scholar