Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Critical Pedagogies: A Reflexive Approach to Knowledge Creation in Tourism and Hospitality Studies

  • Simone Fullagar (a1) and Erica Wilson (a2)

Being reflexive about the conditions and claims underpinning academic knowledge is a defining aspect of critical tourism and hospitality studies. In this article we explore how criticality has been conceptualised and consider the implications for addressing a major challenge in the field: that is, surfacing the power–knowledge relations that underpin mainstream or normalised ways of thinking. We aim to be reflexive about some of the dangers that exist in relation to the oppositional stance of critical perspectives. By drawing on examples from our own and others’ critical research and teaching practices we examine how a reflexive approach can enable different types of dialogue, spaces and relationships. We draw on related work in critical management studies and debates within tourism and hospitality to argue for a critical pedagogy that embraces reflexivity as a ‘practice’ — a way of doing, thinking and transforming knowledge as we live it.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence Simone Fullagar, Griffith Business School, Griffith University, 170 Kessells Road, Nathan QLD 4111. E-mail:
Hide All
Alvesson M., & Skoldberg K. (2000). Reflexive methodology: New vistas for qualitative research. London: Sage.
Ateljevic I., Harris C., Wilson E., & Collins F.L. (2005). Getting ‘entangled’: Reflexivity and the ‘critical turn’ in tourism studies. Tourism Recreation Research, 30 (2), 921.
Ateljevic I., Pritchard A., & Morgan N. Eds. (2007). The critical turn in tourism studies: Innovative research methodologies. Oxford: Elsevier.
Ayikoru M., Tribe J., & Airey D. (2009). Reading tourism education: Neoliberalism unveiled. Annals of Tourism Research, 36 (2), 191221.
Belhassen Y., & Caton K. (2011). On the need for critical pedagogy in tourism education. Tourism Management, 32, 13891396.
Bianchi R.V. (2009). The ‘critical turn’ in tourism studies: A radical critique. Tourism Geographies, 11 (4), 484504.
Biggs J., & Tang C. (2007). Teaching for quality learning at university (3rd ed.). Berkshire, UK: McGraw-Hill/The Society for Research into Higher Education. Maidenhead: Open University Press/McGraw Hill.
Botterill D. (2007). A realist critique of the situated voice in tourism studies. In Ateljevic I., Pritchard A., & N. Morgan (Eds.), The critical turn in tourism studies: Innovative research methodologies (pp. 121131). Oxford: Elsevier.
Brookfield S. (2005). The power of critical theory for adult learning and teaching. Berkshire, UK: Open University Press.
Brookfield S. (1995). Becoming a critically reflective teacher. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Buhalis D., & Darcy S. (2011). Accessible tourism: Concepts and issues. Bristol, UK: Channel View.
Business Council of Australia. (2011). Lifting the quality of teaching and learning in higher education. Melbourne. Australia: Author.
Caldicott J. (2010). Fitting the critical reflection training wheels prior to the WIL journey - embedding preparation into the tourism and hospitality curriculum. In M. Campbell (Ed.) Work Integrated Learning Responding to Challenges: Proceedings of the 2010 ACEN National Conference, Curtin University, Perth, September 29-October 1 2010, 45–56.
Cockburn-Wootten C., & Cockburn T. (2011). Unsettling assumptions and boundaries: Strategies for developing a critical perspective about business and management communication. Business Communication Quarterly, 74 (1), 4559.
Coles T., Hall C.M., & Duval D.T. (2006). Tourism and post-disciplinary enquiry. Current Issues in Tourism, 9 (4), 293319.
Collins A. (2002). Are we teaching what we should? Dilemmas and problems in tourism and hotel management education. Tourism Analysis, 7, 151163.
Cooper T., & Kulisa J. (2003, July 7–9). Critical pedagogy and teaching management in university: Examining the possibilities and limitations. Paper presented at the Third International Conference on Critical Management Studies, Lancaster, UK.
Dredge D., Benckendorff P., Day M., Gross M., Walo M., Weeks P., & Whitelaw P. (2010). Conceptualising the perfect blend in the tourism and hospitality curriculum space. In Gross M.J. (Ed.), Proceedings of the CAUTHE Conference, ‘Creating the Perfect Blend in Tourism and Hospitality Education’ (p. 1–20). University of South Australia, Adelaide, February 811.
Fenwick T. (2005). Ethical dilemmas of critical management education: Within classrooms and beyond, Management Learning, 36 (4), 3148.
Foucault M. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings 1972–1977. Hemel Hempstead, UK: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Foucault M. (1991). Governmentality (R. Braidotti, Trans.). In Burchell G., Gordon G., & P. Miller (Eds.), The Foucault effect: Studies in governmentality (). Hemel Hempstead, UK: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Fullagar S., Markwell K., & Wilson E. (2012). Slow tourism: Experiences and mobilities. Bristol, UK: Channel View Publications.
Fulop L. (2000). Practicing what you preach: Critical management studies. Organization, 9 (3), 428–426.
Hall C.M. (2004). Reflexivity and tourism research: Situating myself and/with others. In Phillimore J. & Goodson L. (Eds.), Qualitative research in tourism: Ontologies, epistemologies and methodologies (pp. 137155). London: Routledge.
Hall C.M. (2010). Academic capitalism, academic responsibility and tourism academics: Or, the silence of the lambs? Tourism Recreation Research, 35 (3), 298301.
Higgins-Desbiolles F., Powys Whyte K., & Mian A. (2012, February 6–9). Abandon hope: The importance of remaining critical. Paper presented at the 22nd Annual CAUTHE conference, Melbourne.
Hollinshead K. (2010). Tourism studies and confined understanding: The call for a new sense postdisciplinary imaginary. Tourism Analysis, 15 (4), 499512.
Hollinshead K. (2011, February 8–13). ‘Soft power’ in action: The new — or old? — declarative diplomatic function of tourism. Paper presented at the CAUTHE conference, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA.
Hooks B. (1994). Teaching to transgress: Education as the practice of freedom. New York: Routledge.
Lashley C. (1999). On making silk purses: Developing reflective practitioners in hospitality management education. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 11 (4), 180185.
Lugosi P., Lynch P., & Morrison A. (2009). Critical hospitality management research. Service Industries Journal, 29 (10), 14651478.
Pine J., & Gilmore J. (2011). The Experience Economy (2nd ed.). Massachusetts: Harvard Business School
Pritchard A., Morgan N., & Ateljevic I. (2011). Hopeful tourism: A transformative approach. Annals of Tourism Research, 38 (3), 941963.
Rock D. (2007). Quiet leadership. New York: Harper Collins.
Sinclair A. (2007a). Leadership for the disillusioned: Moving beyond myths and heroes to leading that liberate. Sydney, Australia: Allen and Unwin.
Sinclair A. (2007b). Teaching leadership critically to MBAs: Experiences from heaven and hell. Management Learning, 38 (4), 458472.
Tribe J. (2002). The philosophic practitioner. Annals of Tourism Research, 29 (2), 338357.
Tribe J. (2005). New tourism research. Tourism Recreation Research, 30(2), 5–8.
Tribe J. (2008). Tourism: A critical business. Journal of Travel Research 46 (3), 245255.
Urry J. (2002). Mobility and proximity. Sociology 36 (2), 255274.
von der Heidt T., & Lamberton G. (2011). Sustainability in the undergraduate and postgraduate business curriculum of a regional university: A critical perspective. Journal of Management and Organization, 17 (5), 670690.
Watts L., & Urry J. (2008). Moving methods, travelling times. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 26, 860874.
Wearing S., & Wearing B. (2001). Conceptualizing the selves of tourism. Leisure Studies, 20 (2), 143159.
Wilson E. (2010, February 8–11). Practice what you teach: Using critically reflective practice in teaching sustainable tourism planning. In Crispin S., Dunn A., Fishwick S., Franklin A., Hanson D., Reiser D., Shipway R., Wells M., & Baxter C. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference, Council for Australian University Tourism and Hospitality Education (CD Rom). Hobart, Tasmania: CAUTHE.
Wilson E., Harris C., & Small J. (2008). Furthering critical approaches in tourism and hospitality studies: Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 15, 1518.
Winter T. (2009). Asian tourism and the retreat of anglo-western centrism in tourism theory. Current Issues in Tourism, 12 (1), 2131.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management
  • ISSN: 1447-6770
  • EISSN: 1839-5260
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-hospitality-and-tourism-management
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 99 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.