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The Physiological and Pathological Relations between the Nose and the Sexual Apparatus of Man1

  • John Noland Mackenzie (a1)
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2 An old inscription found in the Campus Floræ in Rome. See Buecheler's, Anthol. Latin. Carmen. Epigraphic,” Fasc. II., p. 705, No. 1499, Teubner edit., 1897. Also “Corpus Inscript. Latin.,” VI., 15258, Gruter 615, 11. Orelli 4816, etc. It is attributed, however, by Scaliger to a modern poet.

3 The supposed Greek original. See Antholog. Palatin.” X., 112.

4 Aristot, . “Opera omnia Grasco-Latin.” Parisiis, 1854. “De animalium generatione,” lib. ii., cap.

5 Opera omnia. Ed. Kuhn, Lipsiæ, 1827, torn, i., p. 562.

6 “Ordo et methodus generatione dicatarum partium, per anatomen, cognoscendi fabricam”. Jenæ, 1664, part i., cap. vii., p. 32.

7 Op. cit., “De animal, historia,” lib. vii., cap. i.

Choking sensations in the throat and other hysterical manifestations have from time immemorial been regarded as signs of pregnancy. Shakespeare, in “King Lear” (Sc. ii., Act iv.), thus gives expression to this idea:

“O. how this mother swells up towards my heart! Hysterica passio! down, thou climbing sorrow, Thy element's below.”

8 Op. cit., “De animal, generatione,” lib. v., cap. 7.

9 Riolani, J.Anthropographiæ,” lib. ii., cap. 34, p. 303, Francofurti, 1626. Riolanus quotes from the “Musæum” of Albertus Magnus the case of a girl, sent to fetch wine from a public-house, who was seized and ravished on the road, and who found in attempting to sing on her return that her voice had changed from acute to grave.

See also Martial (lib. ix., Epig. 28): “Jam pædegogo liberatus et cujus Refibulavit turgidum faber penem.”

Also lib. xiv., Epig. 215: “Dic mihi, simplicitur, comœdis et cithædis Fibula quid præstet? Carius ut futuant.”

See also Juvenal, sat. vi., 73

10 Martial, Epig., lib. i., xcv., ad Æglen fellatricem.

11 Epithal, . “Pelei et Thetidos,” lxiv. Catulli op. omn., Lond., 1882, p. 230. This phenomenon was variously attributed to the dilatation of the vessels of the neck by the semen, a portion of which, according to the Hippocratic doctrine, flowed down from the brain during intercourse, and to the general agitation of the vascular system, and especially the arterial and venous trunks of the throat, during the excitement of the sexual act.

12 “Contribution à l'étude du tissu érectile desfossesnasales.” “Thèse de Lyon,” août, 1887.

13 “Progrès Médical,” sept. 10 et 17, 1887. “Du tissu erectile des fosses nasales.”

14 “Revue mensuelle de laryngologie, d'otologie, et de rhinologie,” févr. et mars, 1888 “De l'épistaxis génitale.”.

15 “Ueber nervös. Schnupfen u. Speichelfluss u. den ätiologischen Zusammenhang derselben mit Erkrankungen des Sexualapparates.” “Munchener Med. Woch.,” Jahrgang 1889, No. 4.

16 “Ueber die bisherigen Beobachtungen von der Oberen Luftwege zu den Sexualorganen.“ In

17 Die Beziehungen zwischen Nase u. weiblicben Geschlechtsorganen.” Berlin, 1897.

18 Susrutas Ayurvédas: id est Medicinas Systema, a venerabili D'hanvantare demonstratum a suo discipulo compositum.” Translated from the Sanscrit into Latin by Hessler, Franciscus, Erlangen, torn, iii., cap. xxiv., p. 44, 1850.

19 See especially Ludwig Septalius: “De Naevis tractatus,” sect. 26, p. 18, in Bonet's “Labarynthi medic, extricati, etc.” Genevæ, 1687.

20 Vide Ælius Lampridius in “Vitâ Antonii Heliogabilis,” in Hist. August, etc. Beponti.

21 Guidonis Pancirolli rerum memorabilium sive deperditarum pars prior, etc.” Francofurti, 1646, lib. 2, tit. 10, p. m. 176.

22 Guidonis Pancirolli rerum memorabilium sive deperditarum pars prior, etc.” Francofurti, 1646, lib. 2, tit. 10, p. 177.

23 Observat. medico-physiog.” cent, i., obs. xcvii., p. m. 141. Lipsiæ, 1706.

24 Vasatus, post-classical.

25 Virgil, , “ÆEneid”, vi., 497.

26 Vide Diodorus Siculus in “Bibliothecæ Historicæ.” Paris edition, 1854, tom, i., lib. i., cap. lxxvii. (5), p. 64. On the Customs and Laws of the Egyptians.

27 “L'Art de Connoistre les Hommes.” Amsterdam, chez Jacques le Jeune, 1660. De la metoposcopie, p. 259.

28 Life and Times of William Lilly, written by himself. London, 1829.

29 Part ii., canto iii., 285. Bartholini (“Anatomica Reformata de naso”) also Lond. ed., bk. in., chap, x., p. 150 tells us that Michael Scotus pretended to be able to diagnosticate virginity by touching the cartilage of the nose.

30 Fortunus Licetus (Jean Palfyn), “Description anatomique des parties de la femrae, etc., avec un traité des monstres.” Leiden, 1708, lib. ii., chap. 30, pp. 142 and 144.

31 Nat. His.,” lib. vii., cap. 7.

32 Op. omn.” Ed. Kuhn, . Lipsia. 1827, torn, ii.. p. 174. “De morbis” lib. it, and Aph, sect, 5, art. 33.

33 De medicina.” Rolterodami, 1750, lib. ii., cap. 8.

34 “Curationum medicinalium,” cent iv., cur. 4. Venet. 1557. See also Rahn, . “Exercit. phys, de causis physicis miræ illius turn in homine, turn inter homines, turn denique inter cetera naturæ corpora sympathia,” xvii., Turici, 1788.

35 “Sepulehretum.” L. i., s. xx.

36 Historiarum anatomic, et medic, rariorum,” cent. v. et vi., ed. Hafniæ, , 1761, v., p. 184.

37 “Observations rares de médecine, etc.” (quoted by Deschamps, Traité des maladies des fosses nasales et leur sinus”). Paris, 1804, p. 88.

38 Gynaecologia historico-medica, etc.” Dresden and Leipsic, 1730, p. 429.

39 Physiologische u. pathologische Zeichenlehre, etc.” Jena, 1801, p. 122.

40 Physiologische u. pathologische Zeichenlehre, etc.” Jena, 1801, p. 327. Several of the older writers refer to a case of “pituitous and serous catarrh” from coitus, reported by Georg Wolfgang Wedel (see Schurig, , “Spermatologia historicomedica, etc.,” Francofurti ad Mœnum., 1720, p. 280), but I have been unable to obtain the original account of the case. Wepfer, John Jacob, “Observations medico-practicae de affectibus capitis internis et externis,” Schaphusii, 1728, obs. lvii. (see my essay, “The Pathological Nasal Reflex, an Historical Study,” “Transactions of the American Laryngological Association, 1887”; also “N. Y. Medical Journal,” August 20th, 1887), mentions a case of hemicrania, tinnitus aurium, and vertigo associated with uterine trouble, sneezing, and a nasal discharge, but few particulars are given.

It is interesting in this connection to recall the admonition of Celsus to abstain from warmth and women at the commencement of an ordinary catarrh. (Op. cit., lib. iv,, cap. 2, sect. 4, “ubi aliquid ejusmodi sentimus, protinus abstinere a sole, a (balneo, a venere debemus.”) Hippocrates, on the other hand, relates the following case: “Timochari hieme distillatione in nares præcipue vexato, post veneris usum cuncta ressicata sum, lassitudo, calor et capitis gravitas successit, sudor ex capite multus manabat.” Op. cit., “De morbis vulgaribus,” lib. v. (tom. iii., p. 574). The expression “bride's cold” would seem to indicate on the part of the laity the suspicion of a causal connection between repeated sexual excitement and coryza.

41 Ephemerid. nat. cur.,” Dec. ii., An, viii., obs. 152.

42 Ephemerid. nat. cur.,” Dec. iii., An, ii., obs. 32.

43 Act. nat. cur., vol. viii., obs. 108.

44 Ephemerid. nat. cur.,” Dec. iii., An. v., vi., obs. 183. See also Rahn, , op. cit., p. 34.

45 Op. cit., cent, iv., cap. xlviii.

46 Archiv fur Psych.,” Bd. viii. Heft 2.

47 See Elsberg, , “Archives of Laryngology,” Oct., 1883.

48 See especially a work by Bernard, Leopold, “Les odeurs dans les romans de Zola.” Montpelier, 1889.

50 Millingen, . “The Passions, or Mind and Matter, etc.” London, 1848, p. 102.

50 Contribution to the Study of Coryza Vaso-motoria Periodica, or so-called ‘Hay Fever.’” “N. Y. Med. Rec,” 07 19, 1884.

51 Comment, de rebus in med. etc.,” vol. xviii., p. 213.

52 Loc. cit.

53 See case of Lemarchand de Trigon girl of 16, quoted by Joal.

54 Loc. cit.

1 Remarks made before the British Medical Association at its Montreal Meeting, Sept., 1897.

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