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Concepts for the aggregation of tropical tree species into functional types and the application to Sabah's lowland rain forests

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 November 2000

Peter Köhler
Affiliation:
Centre for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Kurt-Wolters-Str. 3, D-34109 Kassel, Germany
Thomas Ditzer
Affiliation:
Centre for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Kurt-Wolters-Str. 3, D-34109 Kassel, Germany
Andreas Huth
Affiliation:
Centre for Environmental Systems Research, University of Kassel, Kurt-Wolters-Str. 3, D-34109 Kassel, Germany

Abstract

For analysing field data as well as for modelling purposes it is useful to classify tree species into a few functional types. In this paper a new aggregation of tree species of the dipterocarp rain forests in Sabah (Borneo), Malaysia, is developed. The aggregation is based on the two criteria successional status and potential maximum height. Three classes of successional status (early, mid and late successional species) and five classes of potential maximum heights (≥ 5 m, 5–15, 15–25, 25–36, > 36 m) lead to a combination of 15 functional types. The criteria of the developed classification are chosen to suit for applications with process-based models, such as FORMIX3 and FORMIND, which are based on photosynthesis production as the main process determining tree growth. The concept is universal and can easily be applied to other areas. With this new method of grouping a more realistic parametrization of process-based rain forest growth models seems to be possible.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2000 Cambridge University Press

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