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Development of allometric relationships for accurate estimation of above- and below-ground biomass in tropical secondary forests in Sarawak, Malaysia

  • Tanaka Kenzo (a1), Tomoaki Ichie (a2), Daisuke Hattori (a3), Takao Itioka (a4), Chihiro Handa (a4), Tadahiro Ohkubo (a4), Joseph Jawa Kendawang (a5), Masashi Nakamura (a2), Mari Sakaguchi (a2), Narumi Takahashi (a2), Mayumi Okamoto (a2), Ayumi Tanaka-Oda (a6), Katsutoshi Sakurai (a2) and Ikuo Ninomiya (a3)...

We developed allometric relationships between tree size parameters (stem diameter at breast height (dbh), at ground surface (D0) and tree height) and leaf, stem, small-root (diameter <5 mm) and total root biomass in various tropical secondary-forest trees in Sarawak, Malaysia. In total, 136 individuals from 23 species were harvested to measure above-ground parts. Root systems of 77 individuals of 16 species were also excavated. The coefficients of correlation for the obtained allometric relationships between tree diameter and plant-part biomass showed high values, ranging from 0.83 to 0.99. In addition, there were few interspecific differences in relationships for all biomass parts, except for leaves. We also found relatively high coefficients of allometric relationships between tree height and plant-part biomass ranging from 0.83 to 0.94. Comparison of above- and below-ground biomass equations for various tropical rainforests implies that our allometric equations differ largely from the equations for tropical primary forests. Thus, choosing both above- and below-ground allometric equations for biomass estimation in tropical secondary forests of South-East Asia requires careful consideration of their suitability.

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