Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 32
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Chen, Mei-Ting Liang, Yu-Jen Kuo, Chih-Chuan and Pei, Kurtis Jai-Chyi 2016. Home Ranges, Movements and Activity Patterns of Leopard Cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) and Threats to Them in Taiwan. Mammal Study, Vol. 41, Issue. 2, p. 77.

    Chua, Marcus A. H. Sivasothi, N. and Meier, Rudolf 2016. Population density, spatiotemporal use and diet of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in a human-modified succession forest landscape of Singapore. Mammal Research, Vol. 61, Issue. 2, p. 99.

    Chutipong, Wanlop Steinmetz, Robert Savini, Tommaso and Gale, George A. 2016. Assessing resource and predator effects on habitat use of tropical small carnivores. Mammal Research,

    Gastón, Aitor Blázquez-Cabrera, Sandra Garrote, Germán Mateo-Sánchez, María C. Beier, Paul Simón, Miguel A. Saura, Santiago and Wintle, Brendan 2016. Response to agriculture by a woodland species depends on cover type and behavioural state: insights from resident and dispersing Iberian lynx. Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 53, Issue. 3, p. 814.

    Giordano, Anthony J. 2016. Ecology and status of the jaguarundiPuma yagouaroundi: a synthesis of existing knowledge. Mammal Review, Vol. 46, Issue. 1, p. 30.

    Nakanishi, Nozomi and Izawa, Masako 2016. Importance of frogs in the diet of the Iriomote cat based on stomach content analysis. Mammal Research, Vol. 61, Issue. 1, p. 35.

    Sasidhran, Selvadurai Adila, Nurfatin Hamdan, Mohd Saifulnizam Samantha, Liza D. Aziz, Najjib Kamarudin, Norizah Puan, Chong Leong Turner, Edgar and Azhar, Badrul 2016. Habitat occupancy patterns and activity rate of native mammals in tropical fragmented peat swamp reserves in Peninsular Malaysia. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 363, p. 140.

    Xiong, Mengyin Shao, Xinning Long, Ying Bu, Hongliang Zhang, Dan Wang, Dajun Li, Sheng Wang, Rongjiang and Yao, Meng 2016. Molecular analysis of vertebrates and plants in scats of leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) in southwest China. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 97, Issue. 4, p. 1054.

    Jennings, Andrew P. Naim, Mohd Advento, Andreas Dwi Aryawan, Anak Agung Ketut Ps, Sudharto Caliman, Jean-Pierre Verwilghen, Aude and Veron, Geraldine 2015. Diversity and occupancy of small carnivores within oil palm plantations in central Sumatra, Indonesia. Mammal Research, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 181.

    Lee, Junga Ellis, Christopher Choi, Yun You, Soojin and Chon, Jinhyung 2015. An Integrated Approach to Mitigation Wetland Site Selection: A Case Study in Gwacheon, Korea. Sustainability, Vol. 7, Issue. 3, p. 3386.

    McCarthy, Jennifer L. Wibisono, Hariyo T. McCarthy, Kyle P. Fuller, Todd K. and Andayani, Noviar 2015. Assessing the distribution and habitat use of four felid species in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Global Ecology and Conservation, Vol. 3, p. 210.

    Rode-Margono, E. Johanna Rademaker, M. Wirdateti, Strijkstra, A. and Nekaris, K.A.I. 2015. Noxious arthropods as potential prey of the venomous Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) in a West Javan volcanic agricultural system. Journal of Natural History, Vol. 49, Issue. 31-32, p. 1949.

    Seo, Changwan Thorne, James H. Choi, Taeyoung Kwon, Hyuksoo and Park, Chong-Hwa 2015. Disentangling roadkill: the influence of landscape and season on cumulative vertebrate mortality in South Korea. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 87.

    Sicuro, Fernando L. and Oliveira, Luiz Flamarion B. 2015. Variations in leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) skull morphology and body size: sexual and geographic influences. PeerJ, Vol. 3, p. e1309.

    Srivathsa, Arjun Parameshwaran, Ravishankar Sharma, Sushma and Karanth, K. Ullas 2015. Estimating population sizes of leopard cats in the Western Ghats using camera surveys. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 96, Issue. 4, p. 742.

    Bashir, Tawqir Bhattacharya, Tapajit Poudyal, Kamal Sathyakumar, Sambandam and Qureshi, Qamar 2014. Integrating aspects of ecology and predictive modelling: implications for the conservation of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in the Eastern Himalaya. Acta Theriologica, Vol. 59, Issue. 1, p. 35.

    Bernard, Henry Baking, Esther L. Giordano, Anthony J. Wearn, Oliver R. and Ahmad, Abdul Hamid 2014. Terrestrial Mammal Species Richness and Composition in Three Small Forest Patches within an Oil Palm Landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Mammal Study, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 141.

    Immerzeel, DESIRÉE J. Verweij, PITA A. van der Hilst, FLOOR and Faaij, ANDRÉ P. C. 2014. Biodiversity impacts of bioenergy crop production: a state-of-the-art review. GCB Bioenergy, Vol. 6, Issue. 3, p. 183.

    Lee, Ohsun Lee, Sua Nam, Dong-Ha and Lee, Hak Young 2014. Food Habits of the Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus) in Korea. Mammal Study, Vol. 39, Issue. 1, p. 43.

    Nájera, Fernando Hearn, Andrew J. Ross, Joanna Nathan, Senthivel and Revuelta, Luis 2014. Alterations in selected serum biochemistry values of free-ranging Bornean leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) captured by box traps. Veterinary Research Communications, Vol. 38, Issue. 3, p. 265.


Diet and habitat selection of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) in an agricultural landscape in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo

  • Rajanathan Rajaratnam (a1), Mel Sunquist (a2), Lynette Rajaratnam (a1) and Laurentius Ambu (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2007

Ten leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis) were captured and radio tracked in an agricultural landscape in Sabah, Malaysia. Seventy-two leopard cat scats were analysed for diet while information on prey distribution and abundance was obtained from a concurrent study on small mammals. Mammals, namely murids, were the major prey with Whitehead's rat (Maxomys whiteheadi) being the principal prey species. Leopard cats significantly preferred the relatively open oil palm habitat over both selectively logged dipterocarp forest and secondary forest fragments. Although relative murid abundance was highest in selectively logged dipterocarp forest, oil palm harboured a higher relative abundance of Maxomys whiteheadi. Visibility and ease of movement for leopard cats was also better in oil palm, thereby possibly increasing their hunting success. We suggest that the significantly higher use of oil palm by leopard cats is related to their preference for areas with high prey ‘catchability’ rather than high prey density. Although secondary-forest fragments were least selected, they were important to leopard cats for resting and possibly breeding, highlighting the importance of forest fragments for the conservation of Bornean leopard cats in agricultural landscapes.

Corresponding author
Corresponding author. Email:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *