Skip to main content
×
Home

Fruit-eating birds in experimental plantings in southern Mexico

  • Henry F. Howe (a1)
Abstract:
Abstract:

Maintenance of biodiversity in tropical agrarian landscapes is challenging in the face of anthropomorphic simplification of habitats. As part of an experiment testing influences of planting treatment on tree recruitment in southern Mexico, counts of bird species were made over 10 years in twenty-four 30 × 30-m fenced plots in over-grazed pasture. Plots were planted with native tree species or left as unplanted controls in 2006. Annual censuses of birds in the plots from 2007–2016 indicated statistically significant increases in the number of fruit-eating species and individuals as vegetation matured, but increases in non-frugivorous species and individuals over the decade were not significant. Among four species of planted animal-dispersed trees that bore fruit during this time, Cecropia obtusifolia consistently produced substantial crops after 2009. In 2015, all 53 planted or passively recruited female trees of mature size of this species bore fruit. The summed body masses of fruit-eating birds in each of 24 plots were significantly correlated with rank order of available fruit per plot. Differential use of habitat patches in an agrarian landscape suggested substantial value to frugivores, but less to non-frugivorous birds than expected.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Email: hfhowe@uic.edu
References
Hide All
ALVAREZ-BUYLLA E. R. & MARTÍNEZ-RAMOS M. 1992. Demography and allometry of Cecropia obtusifolia, a neotropical pioneer tree – an evaluation of the climax-pioneer paradigm for tropical rain forests. Journal of Ecology 80:275290.
BIBBY C. J., BURGESS N. D., HILL D. A. & MUSTOE S. H. 2000. Bird census techniques. (Second edition). Academic Press, London. 257 pp.
CARLO T. A. & MORALES W. M. 2016. Generalist birds promote tropical forest regeneration and increase plant diversity via rare-biased seed dispersal. Ecology 97:18191831.
CATTERALL C. P., FREEMAN A. N. D., KANOWSKI J. & FREEBODY K. 2012. Can active restoration of tropical rainforest rescue biodiversity? A case with bird Community indicators. Biological Conservation 146:5361.
COATES-ESTRADA R. & ESTRADA A. 1988. Frugivory and seed dispersal in Cymbopetalum baillonii (Annonaceae) at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 4:157172.
DE BONILLA E. P. D., LEÓN-CORTÉS J. L. & RANGEL-SALAZAR J. L. 2012. Diversity of bird feeding guilds in relation to habitat heterogeneity and land-use cover in a human-modified landscape in southern Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 28:369376.
DE LA PEÑA-DOMENE M., MARTÍNEZ-GARZA C. & HOWE H. F. 2013. Early recruitment dynamics in tropical restoration. Ecological Applications 23:11241134.
DE LA PEÑA-DOMENE M., MARTÍNEZ-GARZA C., PALMAS-PÉREZ S., RIVAS-ALONSO E. & HOWE H. F. 2014. Roles of birds and bats in early tropical-forest restoration. PloS ONE 98:e104656.
DE LA PEÑA-DOMENE M., MINOR E. S. & HOWE H. F. 2016. Restored connectivity facilitates recruitment by an endemic large-seeded tree in a fragmented tropical landscape. Ecology 97:25112517.
DUNNING J. B. 2013. CRC handbook of avian body masses. (Second edition). CRC Press, Boca Raton. 655 pp.
ELLIOTT S., BLAKESLEY D. & HARDWICK K. 2013. Restoring tropical forests: a practical guide. Kew Publishing, Kew. 354 pp.
ESTRADA A., COATES-ESTRADA R. & VAZQUEZ-YANES C. 1984. Observations on fruiting and dispersers of Cecropia obtusifolia at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biotropica 16:315318.
ESTRADA A., COATES-ESTRADA R. & MERRIT D. A. 1997. Anthropogenic landscape changes and avian diversity at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 6:1943.
FLEMING T. H., WILLIAMS C. F., BONACCORSO F. J. & HERBST L. H. 1985. Phenology, seed dispersal, and colonization in Muntingia calabura, a neotropical pioneer tree. American Journal of Botany 72:383391.
GARCÍA D. & ORTIZ-PULIDO R. 2004. Patterns of resource tracking by avian frugivores at multiple scales: two case studies on discordance among scales. Ecography 27:187196.
GUEVARA S. & LABORDE J. 1993. Monitoring seed dispersal at isolated standing trees in tropical pastures: consequences for local species availability. Vegetatio 107/108:319338.
HOWE H. F. 2016. Making dispersal syndromes and networks useful in tropical conservation and restoration. Global Ecology and Conservation 6:152178.
HOWE H. F. & SMALLWOOD J. 1982. Ecology of seed dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13:201228.
JANZEN D. H. 1981. Ficus ovalis seed predation by an orange-chinned parakeet (Brotogeris jugularis) in Costa Rica. Auk 98:841844.
KANTAK G. E. 1979. Observations on some fruit-eating birds in Mexico. Auk 96: 183186.
LEHOUCK V., SPANHOVE T., VANGESTEL C., CORDEIRO N. J. & LENS L. 2009. Does landscape structure affect resource tracking by avian frugivores in a fragmented Afrotropical forest? Ecography 32:789799.
MARTÍNEZ-GARZA C., BONGERS F. & POORTER L. 2013a. Are functional traits good predictors of species performance in restoration plantings in tropical abandoned pastures? Forest Ecology and Management 303:3545.
MARTÍNEZ-GARZA C., TOBON W., CAMPO J. & HOWE H. F. 2013b. Drought mortality of tree seedlings in an eroded tropical pasture. Land Degradation and Development 24:287295.
MCCONKEY K. R., PRASAD S., CORLETT R. T., CAMPOS-ARCEIZ A., BRODIE J. F., ROGERS H. & SANTAMARIA L. 2012. Seed dispersal in changing landscapes. Biological Conservation 146:113.
MCDIARMID R. W., RICKLEFS R. E. & FOSTER M. S. 1977. Dispersal of Stemmadenia donnell-smithii Apocynaceae by birds. Biotropica 9:925.
ORTIZ-PULIDO R. 2000. Abundance of frugivorous birds and richness of fruit resource: is there a temporal relationship? Caldasia 22:93107.
POPOCA-ORTEGA L. I. 2016. Lluvia de semillas en parcelas de restauración ecológica en la selva tropical de Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, México. Tesis de Licenciatura, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. 134 pp.
REGAL P. J. 1977. Ecology and evolution of flowering plant dominance. Science 196:622629.
REID J. L., MENDENHALL C. D., ROSALES A., ZAHAWI R. A. & HOLL K. D. 2014. Landscape context mediates avian habitat choice in tropical forest restoration. PloS ONE 93:e90573.
RUSSO S., PORTNOY S. & AUGSPURGER C. K. 2006. Incorporating animal behavior into seed dispersal models: implications for seed shadows. Ecology 87:31603174.
SCHUPP E. W., JORDANO P. & GOMEZ J. M. 2010. Seed dispersal effectiveness revisited: a conceptual review. New Phytologist 188:333353.
SCOTT P. E. & MARTIN R. F. 1984. Avian consumers of Bursera, Ficus, and Ehretia fruit in Yucatan. Biotropica 16:319323.
SKUTCH A. F. 1980. Arils as food of tropical American birds. Condor 82:3142.
WILMAN H., BELMAKER J., SIMPSON J. J., DE LA ROSA C., RIVADENEIRA M. M., & JETZ W. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027. https://doi.org/10.1890/13-1917.1.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 18
Total number of PDF views: 84 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 425 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th December 2016 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.