Hostname: page-component-594f858ff7-hd6rl Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-06-08T14:18:08.609Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "corePageComponentUseShareaholicInsteadOfAddThis": true, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

On the by-catch of two porbeagle sharks Lamna nasus in the central Adriatic Sea

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 June 2012

Umberto Scacco*
I.S.P.R.A., CRA 15, Via di Casalotti 300, 00166, Rome, Italy
Ivan Consalvo
I.S.P.R.A., CRA 15, Via di Casalotti 300, 00166, Rome, Italy
Stefano DiMuccio
I.S.P.R.A., CRA 15, Via di Casalotti 300, 00166, Rome, Italy
Leonardo Tunesi
I.S.P.R.A., CRA 15, Via di Casalotti 300, 00166, Rome, Italy
Correspondence should be addressed to: U. Scacco, Via di Casalotti 300, 00166, Rome, Italy email:
Get access


In July 2010 and August 2011 a subadult and an adult porbeagle shark Lamna nasus were respectively caught as by-catch by an artisanal fishery boat using a gill net in the central Adriatic Sea. The specimens, a mature 200 and a maturing 150 cm total length male, were photorecorded, measured and identified on the basis of meristic traits. Such two occurrences are discussed in the context of recent and historical information available on the presence of this species in the Mediterranean Sea. Overall, data confirmed on the one hand the rarity of the porbeagle shark in the Adriatic Sea also, and, on the other hand, they suggested some relation between the density of the findings for this species and the presence of a pit zone in the central part of the Adriatic Sea.

Research Article
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



AdriaMed (2000) Priority topics related to shared demersal fishery resources of the Adriatic Sea. Report of the First Meeting of the AdriaMed Working Group on Shared Demersal Resources. FAO–MiPAF Scientific Cooperation to Support Responsible Fisheries in the Adriatic Sea. GCP/RER/010/ITATD-02, 21 pp.Google Scholar
Anonymous (2009) Report from the mid-year fisheries assessment plenary, November 2009: stock assessment and yield estimates. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Fisheries, 209 pp.Google Scholar
Arneri, E. and Morales-Nin, B. (2000) Aspects of the early life history of European hake from the central Adriatic. Journal of Fish Biology 56, 13681380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bonfil, R. (1994) Overview of world elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, no. 341. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788) Ichthyologie. In Tableu encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris: Panckoucke, pp. 1215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowman, R.E., Stillwell, C.E., Michaels, W.L. and Grosslein, M.D. (2000) Food of northwest Atlantic fishes and two common species of squid. NOAA Technical Memomorandum. NMFS–NE, no.155, 138 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CIESM (2011) Marine Peace Parks in the Mediterranean—a CIESM proposal. In Briand, F. (ed.) CIESM Workshop Monographs. No. 41. Monaco: CIESM, 128 pp.Google Scholar
Campana, S.E., Natanson, L.J. and Myklevoll, S. (2002) Bomb dating and age determination of large pelagic sharks. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59, 450455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campana, S.E., Joyce, W. and Fowler, M. (2010) Subtropical pupping ground for a cold-water shark. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67, 769773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Compagno, L.J.V. (2002) Lamnidae. Mackerel sharks, makos, white sharks, porbeagles. In Carpenter, K.E. (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Volume 1: Introduction, molluscs, crustaceans, hagfishes, sharks, batoid fishes, and chimaeras. Rome: FAO, pp. 433441.Google Scholar
De la Serna, J.M., Valeiras, J., Ortiz, J.M. and Macias, D. (2002) Large pelagic sharks as by-catch in the Mediterranean swordfish longline fishery: some biological aspects. NAFO SCR Doc.02/137 Serial No. N4759.Google Scholar
de Juan, S and Lleonart, J. (2010) Conceptual framework for the protection of vulnerable habitats impacted byfishing activities in the Mediterranean high seas. Ocean & Coastal Management 53, 717723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DFO (Department of Fisheries and Oceans) (2001a) Porbeagle shark in NAFO Subareas 3–6. DFO Science Stock Status Report B3-09(2001). DFO, Maritimes Region, Canada.Google Scholar
DFO (Department of Fisheries and Oceans) (2001b) Canadian Atlantic pelagic shark. Integrated Fishery Management Plan, 20002001.Google Scholar
Dulvy, N.K. and Reynolds, J.D. (1997) Evolutionary transitions among egg-laying, live-bearing and maternal inputs in sharks and rays. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences 264, 13091315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fergusson, I.K. (1996) Report on the distribution and autoecology of the white shark Carcharodon carcharias in the North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. In Klimley, A.P. and Ainley, D.G. (eds) Great white sharks: ecology and behaviour. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, pp. 321345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferretti, F., Myers, R.A., Serena, F. and Lotze, H.K. (2008) Loss of large predatory sharks from the Mediterranean Sea. Conservation Biology 22, 952964.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ferretti, F., Worm, B., Britten, G.L., Heithaus, M.R. and Lotze, H.K. (2010) Patterns and ecosystem consequences of shark declines in the ocean. Ecology Letters 13, 10551071.Google ScholarPubMed
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2002) FAO yearbook. Fishery statistics: catches and landings. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2003) Lamna nasus. Rome: FAO. Available at: (accessed 6 January 2012).Google Scholar
Gauld, J.A. (1989) Records of porbeagles landed in Scotland, with observations on the biology, distribution and exploitation of the species. Scottish Fisheries Research Report 45, ISSN 0308 8022.Google Scholar
Heessen, H.J.L. (ed.) (2003) Development of Elasmobranch Assessments (DELASS). European Commission DG Fish Study Contract 99/055, Final Report, January 2003.Google Scholar
Jensen, C.F., Natanson, L.J., Pratt, H.L., Kohler, N.E. and Campana, S.E. (2002) The reproductive biology of the porbeagle shark, Lamna nasus, in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Fishery Bulletin 100, 727738.Google Scholar
Kohler, N.E., Casey, J.C. and Turner, P.A. (1995) Length–weight relationships for 13 species of sharks from the western North Atlantic. Fishery Bulletin 93, 412418.Google Scholar
Last, P.R. and Stevens, J.D. (1994) Sharks and rays of Australia. Melbourne, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) publishing.Google Scholar
Marconi, M. and De Maddalena, A. (2001) On the capture of a young porbeagle, Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788), in the western Adriatic Sea. Annales, Series Historia Naturalis 11, 179184.Google Scholar
Megalofonou, P., Domralas, D., Yannopoulos, C., De Metrio, G., Deflorio, M., De La Sema, J. M. and Macias, D. (2000) By-catches and discards of sharks in the large pelagic fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. Final report of the Project No. 97/50 DG XIV/CI, Committee of the EU Communities.Google Scholar
Natanson, L.J., Mello, J.J. and Campana, S.E. (2002) Validated age and growth of the porbeagle shark, Lamna nasus, in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Fishery Bulletin 100, 266278.Google Scholar
Orsi Relini, L. and Garibaldi, F. (2002) Pups of lamnid sharks from the Ligurian Sea: morphological and biometrical characteristics of taxonomic value. In Vacchi, M., La Mesa, G., Serena, F. and Seret, B. (eds) Proceedings of the 4th Elasmobranch Association Meeting, Livorno (Italy) 2000. ICRAM, ARPAT & SFI, 199.Google Scholar
Serena, F. and Vacchi, M. (1997) Attivita di studio sui grandi pesci cartilaginei dell'alto Tirreno e Mar Ligure nell'ambito del programma L.E.M. (large elasmobranchs monitoring). Quaderni della Civica Stazione Idrobiologia di Milano 22, 1721.Google Scholar
Soldo, A. and Jardas, I. (2002) Large sharks in the Eastern Adriatic. In Vacchi, M., La Mesa, G., Serena, F. and Seret, B. (eds) Proceedings of the 4th European Elasmobranch Association Meeting, Livorno (Italy) 2000. ICRAM, ARPAT & SFI, pp. 141155.Google Scholar
Stevens, J., Fowler, S.L., Soldo, A., McCord, M., Baum, J., Acuña, E., Domingo, A. and Francis, M. (2006) Lamna nasus. In IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. Available at (accessed 5 October 2011).Google Scholar
Tudela, S. (2004) Ecosystem effects of fishing in the Mediterranean: an analysis of the major threats of fishing gear and practices to biodiversity and marine habits. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean, Studies and Reviews, no. 74, FAO, Rome, 44 pp.Google Scholar