Published online by Cambridge University Press: 24 October 2008
Given a relational structure M and a cardinal λ < |M|, let øλ denote the number of isomorphism types of substructures of M of size λ. It is shown that if μ < λ are cardinals, and |M| is sufficiently larger than λ, then øμ ≤ øλ. A description is also given for structures with few substructures of given infinite cardinality.
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