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X-ray Energy-Dispersive Spectrometry During In Situ Liquid Cell Studies Using an Analytical Electron Microscope

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 February 2014

Nestor J. Zaluzec*
Argonne National Laboratory, Electron Microscopy Center, Argonne, IL 60439, USA School of Materials, Materials Performance Centre and Electron Microscopy Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
M. Grace Burke
School of Materials, Materials Performance Centre and Electron Microscopy Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
Sarah J. Haigh
School of Materials, Materials Performance Centre and Electron Microscopy Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK
Matthew A. Kulzick
BP Corporate Research Center, Naperville, IL 60563, USA
*Corresponding author.
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The use of analytical spectroscopies during scanning/transmission electron microscope (S/TEM) investigations of micro- and nano-scale structures has become a routine technique in the arsenal of tools available to today’s materials researchers. Essential to implementation and successful application of spectroscopy to characterization is the integration of numerous technologies, which include electron optics, specimen holders, and associated detectors. While this combination has been achieved in many instrument configurations, the integration of X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy and in situ liquid environmental cells in the S/TEM has to date been elusive. In this work we present the successful incorporation/modifications to a system that achieves this functionality for analytical electron microscopy.

In Situ Special Section
© Microscopy Society of America 2014 

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