Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 375
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Abdullah-Al-Galib, Mir Hou, Bo Shahriad, Tahmeed Zivanovic, Sandra and Radadia, Adarsh D. 2016. Stability of few layer graphene films doped with gold (III) chloride. Applied Surface Science, Vol. 366, p. 78.

    Anto, Bibin T. Schwarz, Hans-Christoph Eiden, Stefanie Schneider, Andreas M. and Behrens, Peter 2016. Controlled transformations in transparent conducting films fabricated from highly stable hydrophilic dispersions of SWNTs through surface charge manipulation and acid treatment conditions. physica status solidi (a), Vol. 213, Issue. 6, p. 1447.

    Babu, S. Harinath Kaleemulla, S. Rao, N. Madhusudhana and Krishnamoorthi, C. 2016. Indium oxide: A transparent, conducting ferromagnetic semiconductor for spintronic applications. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 416, p. 66.

    Bi, Yan-Gang Feng, Jing Ji, Jin-Hai Chen, Yang Liu, Yu-Shan Li, Yun-Fei Liu, Yue-Feng Zhang, Xu-Lin and Sun, Hong-Bo 2016. Ultrathin and ultrasmooth Au films as transparent electrodes in ITO-free organic light-emitting devices. Nanoscale, Vol. 8, Issue. 19, p. 10010.

    Boujnah, M. Boumdyan, M. Naji, S. Benyoussef, A. El Kenz, A. and Loulidi, M. 2016. High efficiency of transmittance and electrical conductivity of V doped ZnO used in solar cells applications. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 671, p. 560.

    Chen, Yu-Yi and Juang, Jia-Yang 2016. Finite element analysis and equivalent parallel-resistance model for conductive multilayer thin films. Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 27, Issue. 7, p. 074006.

    Chen, Tao-Hsing and Jian, Bo-Lun 2016. Optical and electronic properties of Mo:ZnO thin films deposited using RF magnetron sputtering with different process parameters. Optical and Quantum Electronics, Vol. 48, Issue. 2,

    Choi, Daniel S. Singh, Manpreet Zhou, Hebing Milchak, Marissa Monahan, Brian and Hahm, Jong-in 2016. Evaluation of polarization rotation in the scattering responses from individual semiconducting oxide nanorods. AIP Advances, Vol. 6, Issue. 4, p. 045213.

    Chueh, Chu-Chen Crump, Michael and Jen, Alex K.-Y. 2016. Optical Enhancement via Electrode Designs for High-Performance Polymer Solar Cells. Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 321.

    Duygulu, Nilufer Evcimen and Kodolbas, Alp Osman 2016. Investigation of DTSeffect on r.f. magnetron sputtered ZnO thin films. Crystal Research and Technology, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 189.

    Ganose, Alex M. and Scanlon, David O. 2016. Band gap and work function tailoring of SnO2for improved transparent conducting ability in photovoltaics. J. Mater. Chem. C, Vol. 4, Issue. 7, p. 1467.

    Ghodsi, Vahid Layek, Arunasish Hegde, Manu Yildirim, Baran and Radovanovic, Pavle V. 2016. Native defects determine phase-dependent photoluminescence behavior of Eu2+and Eu3+in In2O3nanocrystals. Chem. Commun., Vol. 52, Issue. 23, p. 4353.

    Govaerts, Kirsten Partoens, Bart and Lamoen, Dirk 2016. Extended homologous series of Sn–O layered systems: A first-principles study. Solid State Communications, Vol. 243, p. 36.

    Jean, Joel Wang, Annie and Bulović, Vladimir 2016. In situ vapor-deposited parylene substrates for ultra-thin, lightweight organic solar cells. Organic Electronics, Vol. 31, p. 120.

    Keller, Jan Lindahl, Johan Edoff, Marika Stolt, Lars and Törndahl, Tobias 2016. Potential gain in photocurrent generation for Cu(In,Ga)Se2solar cells by using In2O3as a transparent conductive oxide layer. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 102.

    Khlebnikov, Nikolai Polyakov, Evgenii Borisov, Sergei Barashev, Nikolai Biramov, Emir Maltceva, Anastasia Vereshchagin, Artem Khartov, Stas and Voronin, Anton 2016. Composite materials obtained by the ion–plasma sputtering of metal compound coatings on polymer films. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 55, Issue. 1S, p. 01AG02.

    Kim, Jun Ho Kim, Da-Som Kim, Sun-Kyung Yoo, Young-Zo Hwan Lee, Jeong Kim, Sang-Woo and Seong, Tae-Yeon 2016. Highly flexible Al-doped ZnO/Ag/Al-doped ZnO multilayer films deposited on PET substrates at room temperature. Ceramics International, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 3473.

    Kumar, Naveen Wilkinson, Taylor M. Packard, Corinne E. and Kumar, Mukesh 2016. Design of low surface roughness-low residual stress-high optoelectronic merit a-IZO thin films for flexible OLEDs. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 119, Issue. 22, p. 225303.

    Lebens-Higgins, Z. Scanlon, D. O. Paik, H. Sallis, S. Nie, Y. Uchida, M. Quackenbush, N. F. Wahila, M. J. Sterbinsky, G. E. Arena, Dario A. Woicik, J. C. Schlom, D. G. and Piper, L. F. J. 2016. Direct Observation of Electrostatically Driven Band Gap Renormalization in a Degenerate Perovskite Transparent Conducting Oxide. Physical Review Letters, Vol. 116, Issue. 2,

    Lee, Hye-Min Kim, Seok-Soon and Kim, Han-Ki 2016. Artificially MoO3 graded ITO anodes for acidic buffer layer free organic photovoltaics. Applied Surface Science, Vol. 364, p. 340.


Transparent Conducting Oxides for Photovoltaics


Transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) are an increasingly important component of photovoltaic (PV) devices, where they act as electrode elements, structural templates, and diffusion barriers, and their work function controls the open-circuit device voltage. They are employed in applications that range from crystalline-Si heterojunction with intrinsic thin layer (HIT) cells to organic PV polymer solar cells. The desirable characteristics of TCO materials that are common to all PV technologies are similar to the requirements for TCOs for flat-panel display applications and include high optical transmissivity across a wide spectrum and low resistivity. Additionally, TCOs for terrestrial PV applications must use low-cost materials, and some may require device-technology-specific properties. We review the fundamentals of TCOs and the matrix of TCO properties and processing as they apply to current and future PV technologies.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.H. Kostlin , R. Jost , and W. Lems , Phys. Stat. Sol. A 29 (1975) p. 87.

3.T. Moriga , D.D. Edwards , T.O. Mason , G.B. Palmer , K.R. Poeppelmeier , C.R. Kannewurf , and I. Nakabayashi , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81 (5) (1998) p. 1310.

4.P.J. Cannard and R.J.D. Tilley , J. Solid State Chem. 73 (1988) p. 418.

5.G. Frank and H. Kostlin , Appl. Phys. A 27 (1982) p. 197.

6.K. Nomura , H. Ohta , A. Takagi , T. Kamiya , M. Hirano , and H. Hosono , Nature 432 (2004) p. 488.

7.K. Ellmer , J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34 (2001) p. 3097.

8.H.J. Ko , Y.F. Chen , S.K. Hong , H. Wenisch , and T. Yao , Appl. Phys. Lett. 77 (2000) p. 3761.

9.V. Bhosle , A. Tiwari , and J. Narayan , Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 032106 (2006); A. Suzuki, T. Matsushita, T. Aoki, Y. Yoneyama, and M. Okuda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38 (1999) p. L71.

11.J. Dutta , J. Perrin , T. Emeraud , J.-M. Laurent , and A. Smith , J. Mater. Sci. 30 (1995) p. 53.

12.E. Elangovan and K. Ramamurthi , Cryst. Res. Technol. 38 (2003) p. 779.

15.Y. Shigesato , I. Yasui , and D.C. Paine , JOM 47 (1995) p. 47.

17.N. Ito , Y. Sato , P.K. Song , A. Kaijio , K. Inoue , and Y. Shigesato , Thin Solid Films 496 (2005) p. 99.

18.B. Yaglioglu , Y.-J. Huang , H.-Y. Yeom , and D.C. Paine , Thin Solid Films 496 (2005) p. 89.

19.S.-M. Park , T. Ikegami , and K. Ebihara , Thin Solid Films 513 (2006) p. 90.

20.H. Gomez , A. Maldonado , M.D.L.L. Olvera , and D.R. Acosta , Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 87 (2005) p. 107.

21.G.K. Paul and S.K. Sen , Mater. Lett. 57 (2002) p. 959.

22.A. Tiburcio-Silver , A. Sanchez-Juarez , and A. Avila-Garcia , Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 55 (1998) p. 3.

26.D.C. Olson , J. Piris , R.T. Collins , S.E. Shaheen , and D.S. Ginley , Thin Solid Films 496 (2005) p. 26.

29.Y. Xie , Electrochim. Acta 51 (2006) p. 3399.

30.J.M. Macak , H. Tsuchiya , L. Taveira , S. Aldabergerova , and P. Schmuki , Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 44 (2005) p. 7463.

32.H. Hosono , M. Kurita , and H. Kawazoe , Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37 (1998) p. 1119.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Bulletin
  • ISSN: 0883-7694
  • EISSN: 1938-1425
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-bulletin
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *