This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Joel Anderson , and Axel Honneth . 2005. “Autonomy, Vulnerability, Recognition, and Justice.” In Autonomy and the Challenges to Liberalism: New Essays, ed. John Christman and Joel Anderson . New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kristin J. Anderson , and Campbell Leaper . 1998. “Meta-Analyses of Gender Effects on Conversational Interruption: Who, What, When, Where and How.” Sex Roles 39(3-4): 222–52.
Elizabeth Aries . 1976. “Interaction Patterns and Themes of Male, Female, and Mixed Groups.” Small Group Behavior 7(1): 7–18.
Elizabeth Aries , Conrad Gold , and Russell H. Weigel . 1983. “Dispositional and Situational Influences on Dominance Behavior in Small Groups.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 44(4): 779–86.
Timothy Besley , Rohini Pande , Rahman Lupin , and Vijayendra Rao . 2005. “Participatory Democracy in Action: Survey Evidence from South India.” Journal of the European Economic Association 3(2-3): 648–57.
Kelly S. Bouas , and S. S. Komorita . 1996. “Group Discussion and Cooperation in Social Dilemmas.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 22(11): 1144–50.
Linda L Carli . 1989. “Gender Differences in Interaction Style and Influence.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56(4): 565–76.
Linda L Carli . 1990. “Gender, Language, and Influence.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 59(5): 941–51.
Simone Chambers . 2003. “Deliberative Democratic Theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 6: 307–26.
Raghabendra Chattopadhyay , and Esther Duflo . 2004. “Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a Randomized Policy Experiment in India.” Econometrica 72(5): 1409–43.
Sarah Childs , and Mona Lena Krook . 2006. “Should Feminists Give Up on Critical Mass? A Contingent Yes.” Politics & Gender 2(4): 522–30.
Pamela Johnston Conover , Donald D. Searing , and Ivor M. Crewe . 2002. “The Deliberative Potential of Political Discussion.” British Journal of Political Science 32(1): 21–62.
John F. Dovidio , Clifford E. Brown , Karen Heltman , Steve L. Ellyson , and Caroline F. Keating . 1988. “Power Displays between Women and Men in Discussions of Gender-Linked Tasks: A Multi-Channel Study.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 55(4): 580–87.
Alice H. Eagly , and Blair T. Johnson . 1990. “Gender and Leadership Style: A Meta-Analysis.” Psychological Bulletin 108(2): 233–56.
Nicolas Fay , Simon Garrod , and Jean Carletta . 2000. “Group Discussion as Interactive Dialogue or as Serial Monologue: The Influence of Group Size.” Psychological Science 11(6): 481–86.
Richard L. Fox , and Jennifer L. Lawless . 2011. “Gendered Perceptions and Political Candidacies: A Central Barrier to Women’s Equality in Electoral Politics.” American Journal of Political Science 55(1): 59–73.
Susan Franceschet , Mona Lena Krook , and Jennifer M. Piscopo . 2012. “Conceptualizing the Impact of Gender Quotas.” In The Impact of Gender Quotas, ed. Susan Franceschet , Mona Lena Krook , and Jennifer M. Piscopo . New York: Oxford University Press.
Fiona Greig , and Iris Bohnet . 2009. “Exploring Gendered Behavior in the Field with Experiments: Why Public Goods Are Provided by Women in a Nairobi Slum.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 70(1-2): 1–9.
Jurgen Habermas . 1999. “Introduction.” Ratio Juris 12(4): 329–35.
Leonie Huddy , Erin Cassese , and Mary-Kate Lizotte . 2008. “Gender, Public Opinion, and Political Reasoning.” In Political Women and American Democracy, ed. Christina Wolbrecht , Karen Beckwith , and Lisa Baldez . New York: Cambridge University Press.
Kosuke Imai , Luke Keel , and Dustin Tingley . 2010. “A General Approach to Causal Mediation Analysis.” Psychological Methods 15(4): 309–34.
Lawrence R. Jacobs , Fay L. Cook , and Michael X. Delli Carpini . 2009. Talking Together: Public Deliberation and Political Participation in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Michael Rabinder James . 2008. “Descriptive Representation in the British Columbia Citizens’ Assembly.” In Designing Deliberative Democracy: The British Columbia Citizens’ Assembly, ed. Mark E. Warren and Hilary Pearse . New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cathryn Johnson . 1994. “Gender, Legitimate Authority, and Leader-Subordinate Conversations.” American Sociological Review 59(1): 122–35.
Rosabeth M Kanter . 1977. “Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women.” American Journal of Sociology 82(5): 965–90.
Kristin Kanthak , and George A. Krause . 2010. “Valuing Diversity in Political Organizations: Gender and Token Minorities in the U.S. House of Representatives.” American Journal of Political Science 54(4): 839–84.
Martin F. Kaplan , and Charles E. Miller . 1987. “Group Decision-Making and Normative versus Informational Influence: Effects of Type of Issue and Assigned Decision Rule.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53(2): 306–13.
Leonard Karakowsky , Kenneth McBey , and Diane L. Miller . 2004. “Gender, Perceived Competence, and Power Displays Examining Verbal Interruptions in a Group Context.” Small Group Research 35(4): 407–39.
Leonard Karakowsky , and J. P. Siegel . 1999. “The Effects of Proportional Representation and Gender Orientation of the Task on Emergent Leadership Behavior in Mixed-Gender Work Groups.” Journal of Applied Psychology 84(4): 620–31.
Peter Kollock , Philip Blumstein , and Pepper Schwartz . 1985. “Sex and Power in Interaction: Conversational Privileges and Duties.” American Sociological Review 50(1): 34–46.
Mona Lena Krook . 2009. Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide. New York: Oxford University Press.
Campbell Leaper , and Melanie M. Ayres . 2007. “A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender Variations in Adults’ Language Use: Talkativeness, Affiliative Speech, and Assertive Speech.” Personality and Social Psychology Review 11(4): 328–63.
Marcial Losada , and Emily Heaphy . 2004. “The Role of Positivity and Connectivity in the Performance of Business Teams: A Nonlinear Dynamics Model.” American Behavioral Scientist 47(6): 740–65.
Jane J Mansbridge . 1999. “Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent ‘Yes.’” Journal of Politics 61(3): 628–57.
Jeanette M. Mendez , and Tracy Osborn . 2010. “Gender and the Perception of Knowledge in Political Discussion.” Political Research Quarterly 63(2): 269–79.
Rebecca M. Morton , and Kenneth C. Williams . 2010. Experimental Political Science and the Study of Causality. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Anthony Mulac , Torberg Louisa Lundell , and James J. Bradac . 1986. “Male/female Language Differences and Attributional Consequences in a Public Speaking Situation: Toward an Explanation of the Gender-Linked Language Effect.” Communication Monographs 53(2): 116–29.
Anthony Mulac , John M. Wiemann , Sally J. Widenmann , and Toni W. Gibson . 1988. “Male/female Language Differences and Effects in Same-Sex and Mixed-Sex Dyads: The Gender-Linked Language Effect and Mutual Influence.” Communication Monographs 55(4): 315–55.
Diana Mutz . 2006. Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative versus Participatory Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Charlan Nemeth . 1977. “Interactions between Jurors as a Function of Majority vs. Unanimity Decision Rules.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology 7(1): 38–56.
Sik Hung Ng , Mark Brooke , and Michael Dunne . 1995. “Interruption and Influence in Discussion Groups.” Journal of Language and Social Psychology 14(4): 369–81.
Kathryn Pearson , and Logan Dancey . 2011. “Elevating Women’s Voices in Congress: Speech Participation in the House of Representatives.” Political Research Quarterly 64(4): 910–23.
Jane A. Piliavin , and Rachel R. Martin . 1978. “The Effects of the Sex Composition of Groups on Style of Social Interaction.” Sex Roles 4(2): 281–96.
Beth Reingold . 2008. “Women as Office Holders: Linking Descriptive and Substantive Representation.” In Political Women and American Democracy, ed. Christina Wolbrecht , Karen Beckwith , and Lisa Baldez . New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cecilia L Ridgeway . 1982. “Status in Groups: The Importance of Motivation.” American Sociological Review 47(1): 76–88.
Cecilia L Ridgeway . 2001. “Gender, Status, and Leadership.” Journal of Social Issues 57(4): 637–55.
Cecilia L. Ridgeway , and Cathryn Johnson . 1990. “What Is the Relationship between Socioemotional Behavior and Status in Task Groups?” American Journal of Sociology 95(5): 1189–212.
Cecilia L. Ridgeway , Joseph Berger , and LeRoy Smith . 1985. “Nonverbal Cues and Status: An Expectation States Approach.” American Journal of Sociology 90(5): 955–78.
Cecilia L. Ridgeway , and Lynn Smith-Lovin . 1999. “The Gender System and Interaction.” Annual Review of Sociology 25: 191–216.
Laurie A. Rudman , and Peter Glick . 2001. “Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes and Backlash toward Agentic Women.” Journal of Social Issues 57(4): 743–62.
Lynn M Sanders . 1997. “Against Deliberation.” Political Theory 25(3): 347–76.
Jim Sidanius , and Felicia Pratto . 1999. Social Dominance: An Intergroup Theory of Social Hierarchy and Oppression. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lynn Smith-Lovin , and Charles Brody . 1989. “Interruptions in Group Discussions: The Effects of Gender and Group Composition.” American Sociological Review 54(3): 424–35.
Deborah Tannen . 2009. “Framing and Face: The Relevance of the Presentation of Self to Linguistic Discourse Analysis.” Social Psychology Quarterly 72(4): 300–05.
Katherine Cramer Walsh . 2007. Talking About Race: Community Dialogues and the Politics of Difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Wendy Wood , and Stephen J. Karten . 1986. “Sex Differences in Interaction Style as a Product of Perceived Sex Differences in Competence.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50(2): 341–47.
Iris M Young . 2001. “Activist Challenges to Deliberative Democracy.” Political Theory 29(5): 670–90.