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Acarine colonisation of Antarctica and the islands of the Southern Ocean: the role of zoohoria

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 October 2009

P.J.A. Pugh
British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET


A quarter of the terrestrial Acari recorded from Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands are parasitic haematophages or non-feeding phoretics associated with other larger and more mobile animals, especially sea birds and pterygote insects. Although flying sea birds are effective vectors of zoohoric mites into the region, penguins are not and merely serve as reservoir hosts. Similarly, most of the mites associated with insects were accidentally introduced by man as free-living adults that subsequently utilised a range of alien and indigenous insects as local dispersal mechanisms.

Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1997

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